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Mexico - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Mexico Regions of Mexico Central Plateau Northern Pacific Coast Gulf Coastal Plain Southern Pacific Coast Yucatan Peninsula Central Plateau Located between the Sierra Madres Largest region in Mexico and its most important Central Plateau

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regions of mexico
Regions of Mexico

Central Plateau

Northern Pacific Coast

Gulf Coastal Plain

Southern Pacific Coast

Yucatan Peninsula

central plateau
Central Plateau
  • Located between the Sierra Madres
  • Largest region in Mexico and its most important
central plateau4
Central Plateau
  • Several major cities located here, largest in population
  • Southern point of plateau has rich soil
    • Plenty of rainfall; Mexico’s best farmland
central plateau5
Central Plateau
  • Most geologically unstable area of country (tetonic plates)
    • Result of tetonic plate movement = earthquakes
  • Mountains southern edge = active volcanoes
central plateau6
Central Plateau
  • Attractive place to live because of climate
    • Temperatures vary between 50-80 degrees in the south due to elevation
northern pacific
Northern Pacific
  • Dry, hot, thinly populated
  • Tijuana - one of Mexico’s largest and fastest growing cities
northern pacific8
Northern Pacific
  • Some of the best farmland located here because of 3 rivers: Colorado, Sonora, Yaqui
  • Irrigation - artificial watering of farmland via canals
southern pacific coast
Southern Pacific Coast
  • Sierra Madre del Sur - few opportunities for farming
  • Tourism very strong
    • Acapulco, Mazatlan, Puerto Vallarta
gulf coastal plain
Gulf Coastal Plain
  • Key Economic Importance
    • Deposits of Petroleum and natural gas beneath waters of the Gulf
    • One of the world’s major petroleum producing regions
yucatan peninsula
Yucatan Peninsula
  • Generally Flat, covered with layer of limestone
    • Water passes freely through limestone
  • When a cavern collapses it forms a sinkhole which individuals would then use as a well.
three cultures of mexico
Three Cultures of Mexico
  • Indian Culture
  • Spanish Conquerors
  • Modern
slide13

Aztec Empire to Spanish Colony

  • Four social classes :
    • Peninsulares - Spanish person born in Spain
    • Criollos - People of Spanish ancestry born in the new world
    • Mestizos - Mixed Indian/Spanish
    • Indians
slide14
Indians provided labor on haciendas
    • Haciendas - large estate owned by Spanish and often run as farms or cattle ranches
  • Both haciendas and Indian labor were granted to the conquistadors as rewards by the Spanish king
slide15
Under the encomienda system low wages & constant debt forced most Indians to live a slave-like existence
the search for democratic rule
The Search for Democratic Rule
  • Miguel Hidalgo - called for rebellion
  • Search for democracy until 1920
    • Mexican Revolution 1910-1920
    • 1920 Democratic Republic
the search for democratic rule17
The Search for Democratic Rule
  • National Government headed by elected president/congress
  • Unlike the US, one party has all the power
mexicans of today
Mexicans of Today
  • Mexico has worked to preserve Indian and Spanish heritages
  • Official language = Spanish
  • Speak ancient language at home
  • Nearly all Mexicans are Roman Catholic
rural life
Rural Life
  • Involves agriculture; Nearly all farmable land is part of 8,000 haciendas
rural life20
Rural Life
  • After revolution, government broke up haciendas and divided the land amongst the landless peasants

mine

yours

rural life21
Rural Life
  • Reclaimed land awarded in forms of ejidos
  • Ejidos - farmland owned collectively by members of a rural community
rural life22
Rural Life
  • Many individuals practice subsistence farming
    • Subsistence Farming - raise only enough crops to meet the basic needs of one family
rural life23
Rural Life
  • ~1/3 Mexican farms are latifundios
    • Latifundios - huge commercial farms owned by private individuals or farming companies
  • Latifundios & some ejidos raise cash crops
rural life24
Rural Life
    • Cash Crops - corn, sugar cane, coffee, fruit
  • Most farmers have no money to buy fertilizers/machines to help harvest
  • Not enough land--landless turn migrant and cross the Rio Grande
patterns of urban life
Patterns of Urban Life
  • Mexico City is the largest urban area in the world; 66% live in urban areas
patterns of urban life26
Patterns of Urban Life
  • Four levels of Urban Life:
    • Small-upper class: educated, travel, politically powerful
    • Growing-middle class: government workers, bankers, lawyers; live in apartments
    • Working class: skilled workers, strong ties to culture; live in adobes
    • Lower class: largest of the 4 classes; live in lean-tos
family life
Family Life
  • If you are poor/rich, you will have strong ties to your family
  • Family is the foundation of society
family life28
Family Life
  • 90% of Mexicans live with family members
  • Family businesses act as a security blanket during rough times
economy
Economy
  • Tourism and oil are the two most important activities
  • Both are historically and geographically connected
economy30
Economy
  • Today Mexico pushes for more tourism because it is a cleaner alternative to manufacturing, referred to as a “smokeless industry”
pollution
Pollution
  • Breathing is as bad as smoking from birth on
  • Mountains trap in smog and other pollutants during dry season
pollution32
Pollution
  • 36,000 factories in Mexico, half of which are in Mexico City
  • 3 million cars contribute to 80% of the smog in the city
  • Smog would decrease by 30% if cars were tuned
urban growth
Urban Growth
  • 1,700 move to Mexico on a daily basis
  • 1,000 births daily
  • Mexico city is the largest city in the world w/ a pop. of 23 mill.