Chapter 19 Monarchs of Europe 19.3 Central Europe in the Age of Absolutism
I. Habsburg Austria • Lost land during 30 years war- gain it back • Pragmatic Sanction • Charles VI dies (1740)- Holy Roman Emperor • Maria Theresa inherits lands • Theresa’s Empire • Many nationalities • Difficult to rule
II. Rise of Hohenzollerns • Rulers of Brandenburg-Prussia- rivals • Fredrick William “The Great Elector” • Unified his state • Many reforms- • Fredrick William I • Made Prussia stronger- better military • Militarized Prussian society • Fredrick the Great • Father not sure • Expanded territory and prestige
III. Conflict between Prussia and Austria • War of Austrian Succession 1. Prussia takes Silesia • Diplomatic Revolution 1. Reversal of alliances • Seven Years War (1756-1763) • Most of Europe • No clear winner • Years of Peace • Result of destruction of Seven Years War • Partition of Poland
Fun Facts • Schönbrunn Palace, the summer palace of the Habsburgs, has no less than 1440 rooms. • About one fourth of the population of Austria lives in the capital, Vienna. • King Louis XIV of France owned about 1,000 wigs. • Like fingerprints, everyone's tongue print is different.