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Absolute Monarchs of Europe. Absolutism. The belief that one ruler should hold all of the power within the boundaries of a country. The goal was to control every aspect of society. Divine Right.

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  • The belief that one ruler should hold all of the power within the boundaries of a country.
  • The goal was to control every aspect of society.
divine right
Divine Right
  • Absolute monarch believed that God created the monarchy and that the monarch acted as God’s representative on Earth.
absolutism causes
Absolutism: Causes
  • Religious and Territory Conflicts created fear.
  • The growth of national armies.
  • Heavy taxes that led to an increase in revolts and the need for order.
absolutism effects
Absolutism: Effects
  • Rulers regulated religious and social gatherings.
  • Rulers increase the size of their courts to appear powerful.
  • Rulers create agencies in their name to control the economy.
king philip ii of spain
King Philip II of Spain
  • He was very suspicious and preferred to do everything on his own.
  • A fourth of all gold coming back from Spain’s colonies went into his personal treasury.
  • He viewed himself as the defender of Catholicism and was determined to oppose Protestant England.
  • Spanish art and writing expanded.
king louis xiv of france
King Louis XIV of France
  • The most powerful ruler in French History and he firmly believed he was France.
  • He was determined to never allow the nobles to threaten him and stole their power.
  • King Louis was known for his grand and luxurious lifestyle with multiple palaces.
  • Along with King Philip he carried out multiple wars to increase power
peter the great of russia
Peter the Great of Russia
  • Peter was extremely intelligent and well liked by all around him.
  • Although liked, Peter ruled with an iron fist and exiled any who opposed him.
  • He desired Russia to become more like the powerful kingdoms of Europe and travelled and learned from the other monarchs.
frederick the great of prussia
Frederick the Great of Prussia
  • Extremely effective military leader who for the first time in its history, began to unify Germany.
  • Frederick viewed himself as being in a father like role with his people.
  • Prussian soldiers were often hired as mercenaries around the World.
absolute conflict thirty years war
Absolute Conflict: Thirty Years War
  • A series of religious and territory wars (Austria vs. Prussia)
  • It was the final religious war in Europe.
  • It made Central Europe the only place with no one real absolute ruler.
powerful non absolute nations
Powerful Non-Absolute Nations
  • The Dutch: Prospered like the Italians during the Renaissance and had a Republic form of government.
  • The English: England was Constitutional Monarchy meaning that the King was forced to shared power with the elected Parliament