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Powerpoint created by Carrie Reed Facts from the VA Pacing Guide. VA Studies: Western Migration and the Civil War Facts 121-136. Where did people move after the American Revolution?.
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Facts from the VA Pacing Guide
After the American Revolution, many people moved south and west to find better farmland and new opportunities.
Tobacco was very hard on the soil, so eventually they needed to find new and fertile land.
Virginians crossed the Appalachian Mountains through the Cumberland Gap to the west.
When Abraham Lincoln was elected president in 1860, some southern states, including Virginia, seceded from the union to form the “Confederate States of America.”
Conflict grew between the eastern counties of Virginia that relied on slavery and the western counties that favored the abolition of slavery. This disagreement between the two regions of Virginia led to the formation of a new state called West Virginia. West Virginia became a free state.
The northern states were called “free states” and the southern states were “slave states.”
The first Battle of Bull Run (Manassas) was the first major clash of the Civil War. Confederate General Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson played a major role in this battle.
Confederate General Robert E. Lee was commander of the Army of Northern Virginia. He defeated troops at Fredericksburg, Virginia.
Richmondwas the capital of the Confederacy. It “fell” to Union General Ulysses S. Grant and was burned near the end of the war.
President Lincoln used the Union Navy to block southern ports. A sea battle between two iron clad ships, the Monitor (Union) and the Merrimack (Confederate), was fought to a draw near Norfolk.
Confederate troops relied on enslaved African Americans to raise crops and provide labor.
Some free African Americans felt their rights were limited and could be protected by supporting the Confederacy.
The Civil War ended at Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia, in 1865, when Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered to Union General Ulysses S. Grant.