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Bantu Migration. By the Experts: Shilpa Jais, Haley Fisher, Signy Jackson, and Walker Little Block 3/4. The Move. Where: All over Africa! When: 1000 B.C. What: Bantu Migration How: Probably walking or camel Why: No one knows! Population to big Disagreements between people Climate change

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bantu migration

Bantu Migration

By the Experts: Shilpa Jais, Haley Fisher, Signy Jackson, and Walker Little

Block 3/4

the move
The Move
  • Where: All over Africa!
  • When: 1000 B.C.
  • What: Bantu Migration
  • How: Probably walking or camel
  • Why: No one knows!
    • Population to big
    • Disagreements between people
    • Climate change
    • Find a better place

“It’s too hot! Let’s move somewhere else!”

time and homeland
Time and Homeland
  • Around 1000 B.C the Bantu Migration began.
  • Over a period of 1000 years, groups moved away from their homeland which is now Cameroon.
  • Bantu Migration Map
bantu migration1
Bantu Migration
  • There are more than 60 million people who speak Bantu as their native language.
  • They live primarily in the regions that straddle the equator and continue southward into southern Africa where it is believed they migrated to.
  • This migration continued until around the 3rd or 4th century AD.
bantu migration cont d
Bantu Migration (cont’d)
  • They are known as the Eastern Bantu and the Western Bantu.
  • The Eastern Bantu migrated to Zimbabwe, Mozambique and down into South Africa.
  • The Western Bantu migrated into Angola, Namibia, and parts of Botswana.
  • Currently the Bantu are known more as a language group than as a distinct ethnic group.
  • Swahili is the most widely spoken Bantu language and is considered the lingua franca of around 50 million people living in the countries along the east coast of Africa.
bantu migration cont d1
Bantu Migration (cont’d)
  • Anthropologists have studied this phenomenon and believe there are several possibilities for its occurrence.
  • It may have been due to a growing population in ancient times, which increased the need for more food.
  • It was around this time that the banana, which is native to Asia, was introduced in southern Africa.
  • Another important occurrence in the history of the Bantu is a split that created two major language families.
accomplishments
Accomplishments
  • This migration was the largest in history.
  • The Bantu people settled in sub-Saharan Africa
  • They also influenced two-thirds of African language.
bantu culture
Bantu Culture
  • Most people were hunter-gatherers, but the Bantu could harvest wild plants, and tend animals.
  • Bantu culture also included making pots from clay. This is important because it affected the way food was stored and cooked.
bantu culture continued
Bantu Culture (continued)
  • By the end of the first millennium divisions had formed.
  • Since there was now wealth, there was a division between the rich and the poor.
  • Likewise between men and women.
what s the big deal
What’s the Big Deal?
  • They were the first to develop language and provides a clue when tracing the developments in Africa’s civilization.
  • They were the first farmers and cattle-keepers
  • One of the greatest mass movement of people in history
  • Its on your CRCT
the ethnic groups of the bantu
The Ethnic Groups of the Bantu
  • The ethnic groups of the Eastern Bantu include:
    • Xhosa
    • Zulu
    • Kikuyu
    • Shona
  • The ethnic groups of the Western Bantu include:
    • Herero
    • Tonga
    • Bunyoro
    • Banyankole
questions
Questions?

Ask One of the Experts!