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Chapter 3 Earth’s Human Geography. Vocabulary Terms to Know!. Population Population distribution governments Demography state Population density dependencies Birthrate nation-states Death rate city-states Migration empires Immigrant constitutions

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vocabulary terms to know
Vocabulary Terms to Know!
  • Population
  • Population distribution governments
  • Demography state
  • Population density dependencies
  • Birthrate nation-states
  • Death rate city-states
  • Migration empires
  • Immigrant constitutions
  • Urbanization p. 84 International Organizations
  • Rural
  • Urban
  • Economy
  • Producers
  • Consumers
  • Communism
  • Developed
  • Developing
death rate reduction
Death rate Reduction

Thanks to scaled up support for simple, relatively inexpensive solutions like anti-malaria mosquito nets, measles vaccinations and vitamin supplements, the number of children dying before their fifth birthdays each year has been cut to the lowest level ever on record, 8.8 million, according to a report released today by Unicef.

migration
Migration
  • Voluntary
  • Involuntary
  • Urbanization
  • Colonization
why the bantu migration
Why the Bantu Migration?
  • It is not clear when exactly the Bantu had moved into the savannahs to the south, in what are now the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola, and Zambia.
  • Such processes of state formation occurred with increasing frequency from the 16th century onward. They were probably due to denser population, which led to more specialized divisions of labour, including military power, while making emigration more difficult, further due to increased trade among African communities .
  • Trade was encouraged with European and Arab traders and the Coast people (Swahili) along the coasts (Indian Ocean), with technological developments in economic activity, and new techniques in the political, spiritual ritualization of royalty as the source of national strength and health.
triangular trade route connecting africa europe and the americas
Triangular Trade Route- Connecting Africa,Europe, and the Americas

Operating from the 16th – Early 19th. Centuries

globalization
Globalization
  • Globalization is nothing more than a complex series of transactions across the planet it is the trade between and among nations that make us global.
urban vs rural
Urban vs. Rural

Urban- Cities

Rural- Countryside

types of states
Types of States-
  • Dependencies- regions that belong to another state.
  • Nation States- states that are independent.
  • City States- small city centered states.
  • Empires- States containing several countries.
types of governments
Types of Governments
  • Direct Democracy
  • Tribal Rule
  • Absolute Monarchy
  • Dictatorship
  • Oligarchy
  • Constitutional Monarchy
  • Representative Democracy
direct democracy
Direct Democracy
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vu8J_UKKa-c
dictatorship
Dictatorship

Communist Dictatorship Memorial- Budapest

developed vs developing
Developed vs. Developing
  • Similar Names for Developed1. Modern2. Western3. Civilized
  • Similiar Name for Developing1. Third World2. Under-Developed3. Primitive
slide32

Only about one-fifth of the world’s people live in developed nations, which include the United States, Canada, Japan, and most European nations.

  • Most of the world’s people live in developing nations, which are mainly in Africa, Asia, and Latin America.
developed
Developed
  • Characteristics of developed nations
  • Most people:
  • have enough food and water
  • live in towns or cities
  • work in factories or offices
  • can get an education
  • have access to adequate healthcare
  • Machines do most of the work.
  • Most food is grown by commercial farmers.
  • Problems of developed nations
  • There is some unemployment.
  • Industry and cars pollute the environment.
developing
Developing
  • Characteristics of developing nations
  • There is not great wealth.
  • People and animals do most of the work.
  • Many people are subsistence farmers.
  • Farms have little or no machinery.
  • Problems of developing nations
  • food shortages
  • unsafe water
  • disease
  • poor education
  • poor healthcare
  • political unrest
slide35

Many developed nations sell advanced technologies.

  • Many developing nations sell foods, natural resources such as oil, and simple industrial products.
  • Developed and developing nations often sell their goods to each other.
slide37

Can you provide 5 examples of

developed nations

and

underdeveloped nations?

international organizations
International Organizations
  • OPEC- Oil Producing Exporting Countries
  • NATO- North Atlantic Treaty Organization
  • UN- United Nations
  • UNICEF- United Nations Children's Fund
  • NAFTA- North American Free Trade Agreement