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US History – Unit #5. Post-War United States 1945-1970s. Key Learning. Students will use competing historical accounts to trace the development of postwar conformity and change in the United States. Unit Essential Question.

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Us history unit 5

US History – Unit #5

Post-War United States


Key learning
Key Learning

Students will use competing historical accounts to trace the development of postwar conformity and change in the United States

Unit essential question
Unit Essential Question

How are contemporary issues of conformity and change problems for postwar America?

Does this indicate a patter of continuity or change?

Why have historians come to conflicting conclusions regarding postwar American values?

Unit concepts
Unit Concepts

1950s America

Beginning of Cold War

a. Korean War

Communism at Home & Space Race

Kennedy and Johnson Years 1960-68

Vietnam War & Counter Culture

Civil Rights Movement

Nixon, Ford & Carter Years 1968-1980

Unit 5 concept 1 2 3 test retake

Unit #5 Concept 1, 2 & 3 Test Retake

Work Independently

Work Quietly

May redo short response and extended response only

4 th marking period
4th Marking Period


    • Select group members (no more than 3 in a group)

    • Select date in future – 10, 20 or 30 years


    • Select media type – newspaper, magazine, TV, or radio

  • DUE

Homework 7
Homework #7

  • Sign Test

  • Read – John F Kennedy

Exit ticket
Exit Ticket

  • Looking back at the events of the 1950s, what do you predict will occur in the America during the 1960s? Throughout the world?

Unit 5 john f kennedy
Unit #5 – John F Kennedy

  • LEQ – How was John F Kennedy able to impact American society during his short time as President?

  • Vocabulary


    New Frontier

Political campaign
Political Campaign

  • Imagine a political campaign for President waged without television appearances, interviews or campaign commercials. How would voters learn about the candidates? What do voters learn about candidates from television? How valuable is this information?

  • Be prepared to share with class


  • How old was JFK when he became President?

  • What name did he give to his new program?

  • What equal rights movement was going on in America when JFK was elected?

  • What invasion of Cuba occurred under JFK?

  • What crisis almost brought the US and USSR to war?


6. What war in Asia did JFK get the US involved in?

7. Where did JFK pledge to be the first to land a person?

8. Who was the first US astronaut to orbit the Earth?

9. Who was the first person to land on the moon?

10. What happened to JFK on November 22, 1963 while in Dallas, TX?

Class work
Class work


    • Answer questions


Jfk s new political view
JFK’s New Political View

  • Liberal Consensus –

    • Capitalism = best economy

    • US threatened by communism abroad

    • Not threatened by domestic problems

Election of 1960
Election of 1960

  • JFK – Massachusetts Dem (House & Senate)

    • 43 years old during campaign

      • Did he have enough experience?

    • Roman Catholic

      • Why would his religion be a problem?

Election of 19601
Election of 1960

  • John F Kennedy vs. Richard Nixon

  • TV – key role in election

    • First debate

    • Result – JFK won

      • Controversy

        • Chicago & Texas

      • Did not have mandate from people

The promise of camelot
The Promise of Camelot

  • JFK Inaugural address

    • “the torch has been passed to a new generation of Americans”

    • “ask not what your country can do for you. Ask what you can do for your country.”

    • Pledged – US defend interests of western democracies

  • New Administration

    • Jacqueline Kennedy – 1st Lady

    • Nickname – “Camelot” (Broadway Musical)

Economic program
Economic Program

  • New Frontier –

    • Economy, aid to poor and space program

  • Business

    • Fought with executives (US Steel); stock market fell steepest since 1929

  • Taxes

    • 1963 - $13.5 billion cut in taxes over 3 years

    • Wanted money in hands of citizens

    • Never passed

Economic program1
Economic Program

  • Poverty –

    • 1st 2 years – help by stimulating economy

      • Problem – grew up rich

    • 1962 – Michael Harrington wrote The Other America

      • Middle-class prosperous in 1950s

      • 1/5 of nation below poverty line

    • JFK read book – changed policy

Space race
Space Race

  • JFK – committed US to land man on moon before end of 60s

  • “We choose to go to the moon. We choose to go to the moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard, because that goal will serve to organize and measure the best of our energies and skills, because that challenge is one that we are willing to accept, one we are unwilling to postpone, and one which we intend to win, and the others, too.”

  • Congress increased spending for NASA

Looking back on camelot
Looking back on Camelot

  • Energized nation with call to action

  • Legislation record mixed

  • Too concerned with foreign policy

  • Domestic issues lacked focus

  • Lacked political experience

    • Congress (democrats) had own agenda

Homework 8
Homework #8

  • Read Peace Corp; Berlin Wall


  • JFK remarked that in the 1960 election, “it was TV more than anything else that turned the tide.” Do you think that television ay have given Kennedy an unfair advantage over Nixon, or did it provide voters with information they needed to make an intelligent decision?

Unit 5 foreign policy in the 1960s
Unit #5 - Foreign Policy in the 1960s

  • LEQ – How did American foreign policy change during the 1960s?

  • Vocabulary

    Foreign Policy

    Berlin Wall


  • What is foreign policy?

  • Create a list of 5 foreign policy goals for the United States

  • Work with a partner

  • Be prepared to share with class








  • How many Americans have served in the Peace Corps since 1961?

  • How many nations have the Peace Corps volunteers worked in?

  • Why did JFK create the Peace Corps?

  • What country was divided into four zones following WWII?

  • Why were living conditions in West and East Germany becoming different?


6. How many people did East Germany lose to West Germany by 1961?

7 & 8. On what two days did East German soldiers begin to build the wall?

9. How many years did the wall separate West Berlin from Eastern Germany?

10. How many different versions of the wall were built?


  • How was Germany already a source of tension between the US and the Soviet Union?

Cold war in europe
Cold War in Europe

  • Since 1949 – 3 million unhappy East Germans fled to Western Berlin

  • August 1961 – tanks and trucks E. Berlin

    • Barbed wire, fence posts, concrete blocks

  • BERLIN WALL = symbol of Cold War

    • Multiple changes/generations over the years

Class work2
Class work

  • Berlin Wall DVD




Homework 9
Homework #9

  • Read Cuba and Bay of Pigs; Cuban Missile Crisis


  • Why will the Berlin Wall become a symbol for the Cold War?

Unit 5 foreign policy in the 1960s1
Unit #5 - Foreign Policy in the 1960s

  • LEQ – How did American foreign policy change during the 1960s?

  • Vocabulary

    Bay of Pigs



  • Given all the events that occurred during the 1950s, should America be more concerned with Communism spreading throughout Asia or closer to home?

  • Be prepared to share with class.


  • When did Castro take over in Cuba?

  • What did Eisenhower and the US impose on Cuba after he took over?

  • Who trained the invasion force that attacked Cuba?

  • What did the US trade for the captured invaders and their relatives?

  • What provided surveillance photographs of Cuba to the US government?


  • What did the pictures show was on Cuba?

  • How long would it take for a missile to reach the US from Cuba?

  • What did JFK decide to do to stop the USSR from putting missiles in Cuba?

  • What was the USSR reaction?

  • Who blinked first?

Conflicts in cuba
Conflicts in Cuba

  • 1959 – Fidel Castro led revolution

    • Took over American-owned businesses

    • Established Socialist state

  • USSR – supplied Cuba with aid

  • Opposition to Castro fled to US (exiles)

  • US Scared

    • 90 miles from US

    • Encouraged revolutions in other countries


Badly planned invasion in cuba
Badly planned invasion in Cuba

  • 1961 – JFK took office

    • Approved plan for CIA to overthrow Castro

      • CIA trained group of Cuban exiles as invasion force

      • Other failed attempts

Badly planned invasion in cuba1
Badly planned invasion in Cuba

  • April 17, 1961 – 1,200 exiles landed at Bay of Pigs (southern coast)

Class work3
Class work

  • Fidel Castro Biography

  • Answer all questions


The missiles of october
The Missiles of October

  • USSR – gave weapons to Cuba

  • Oct 1962 – JFK learned Soviets building missile bases on island

    • Bombs reach US in minutes

The missiles of october1
The Missiles of October

  • JFK – US Navy would begin “strict quarantine”

    • Turn back any USSR ship with missiles

Tension builds
Tension Builds

  • Would USSR turn back?

  • Would event lead to nuclear war?

Crisis over
Crisis Over

  • Soviet Union turned back at last minute

  • Secretary of State Dean Rusk: “We’re eyeball to eyeball, and I think the other fellow just blinked.”

  • Compromise

    • USSR – take missiles out of Cuba

    • US – will not invade Cuba

Class work4
Class work

  • Cuban Missile Crisis Video

  • Cuban Missile Crisis Worksheets

Homework 10
Homework #10

  • Read - JFK Assassination


  • Did the America government react correctly during the Cuban Missile Crisis? How do you think the citizens of America reacted when the tension between the US and the Soviet Union began to grow?

Unit 5 jfk assassination
Unit #5 – JFK Assassination

  • LEQ – How will the death of a President change America? Will a conspiracy cause the citizens to lose trust in the government?


    Lee Harvey Oswald Grassy Knoll

    Dealey Plaza Zapruder Film

    Magic Bullet Theory


  • Tragedy in life can cause you to remember the greatest of details from the day the tragedy occurred.

  • Think of a day in which you suffered or heard of a tragedy. What do you remember from that day?

  • Be prepared to share with class


  • When was JFK killed?

  • Why was JFK in Dallas, TX?

  • Where in Dallas was JFK killed?

  • What building did Oswald “shoot” JFK?

  • Who became President after JFK died?

  • What happened to Oswald on Nov 24?

  • Whose funeral was JFK’s modeled around?

  • What is on top of JFK’s grave?

JFK Assassination

November 22, 1963

Dealey Plaza

Dallas, Texas

1964 campaign
1964 Campaign

  • Nov 1963 – JFK looking to gain support during visit to Texas


  • Warren Commission – headed up investigation

  • Oswald – prime suspect

    • Killed 2 days after JFK by Jack Ruby

  • Findings –

    • Oswald worked alone

    • 3 shots fired

Class work5
Class work

  • Lincoln & Kennedy

  • JFK Assassination Video



Homework 11
Homework #11

  • Read – Lyndon B Johnson


  • Did the controversy surrounding the death of JFK add to or take away from his legacy/legend?

Let s take another look at jfk
Let’s take another look at JFK

  • John F Kennedy – A New Look DVD



Unit 5 lyndon b johnson
Unit #5 – Lyndon B Johnson

  • LEQ – Why was LBJ able to move programs through Congress? What were the success/failures of the Great Society?

  • Vocabulary

    • Vista

    • Medicare

    • Immigration Act of 1965


  • What do you think is great about American society today?

  • Be prepared to share with class


  • What did LBJ want to do as President?

  • What were LBJ’s immediate priorities as President?

  • What is a major piece of legislation that LBJ was able to pass?

  • What program did LBJ start?

  • What domestic war was LBJ fighting?

Cw lbj

  • Video

    • NO Talking

    • Answer questions

Lbj path to white house
LBJ - Path to White House

  • Senator –

    • “not a very likeable man”

    • Concerned with accomplishments

    • 1960 – lost nomination to JFK

  • Following assassination

    • Thanksgiving Address

      • “All I have, I would have given gladly not to be standing here today.”

      • Carry-on where JFK left off; “Let us continue”

      • Used JFK legacy to advantage

The great society
The Great Society

  • LBJ’s Goals (1964)

  • Laws – civil rights, tax-cuts, aid public education, medical care elderly, poverty

  • 1964 Election

    • LBJ defeated Barry Goldwater

  • Tax Cut (used JFK’s ideas)

    • Cut spending = bill passed

    • GNP rose, deficit shrank, unemployment fell

The great society1
The Great Society

  • War on Poverty

    • Declared during inaugural address

    • 1964 – Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA)

      • Volunteers sent to help poor communities

  • Medicare

    • Couldn’t pass bill

    • Tied to social security

Great society
Great Society

  • Aid to Education –

    • Aid to states based on number of children from low-income homes

    • Money to public and private schools

  • Other Measures

    • Dept of Housing and Urban Development

      • Passed to give rent supplements to poor

    • Immigration Act of 1965

Class work6
Class work

  • President Johnson’s Thanksgiving Address

  • The Invisible Poor

  • The Job Corps

  • The People of Vista

Homework 12
Homework #12

  • Read The Vietnam War; The Meaning of the Vietnam War; Ho Chi Minh; Before the American War; Into the Quagmire; John Kennedy and Vietnam; LBJ;


  • Would LBJ have been able to accomplish all he did during his time as President without the death of John F Kennedy? Why or why not?

Homework 13
Homework #13

  • Read - Why Vietnam?; The Tet Offensive; Nixon and Vietnam; The War at Home; The Final Collapse

Unit 5 vietnam
Unit #5 - Vietnam

  • Lesson Essential Question – Why will America become involved in Vietnam? How will it change the future of the country?

  • Vocabulary –



    Domino Theory

    Gulf of Tonkin Resolution


  • Create a list of words and/or images that come to mind when you hear the word Vietnam

  • Be prepared to share with class

2 vietnams
2 Vietnams

  • What European country ruled Vietnam?

    • France

  • End WWII – Ho Chi Minh led war for independence

    • 1954 – divided into 2 nations

      • North led by Ho Chi Minh (Soviet Union)

      • South led by Ngo Dinh Diem (US)

  • 1961 – JFK President

    • Diem favored rich, ignored peasants

      • Peasants joined Vietcong

Us involvement
US Involvement

  • What theory will cause US to become involved in Vietnam?

    • Domino Theory

  • JFK believed in Domino Theory

    • 1961 - Sent military advisors to help Diem

    • What did the American Ambassador to S Vietnam order to happen?

    • LBJ increased US involvement

Sending troops
Sending Troops

  • August 1964 – N Vietnam torpedo boats attacked US ship in Gulf of Tonkin

    • N Vietnam claimed US spying

  • LBJ – Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

    • Allows President “to take all necessary measures to repel any armed attack or to prevent further aggression”

    • Used resolution to order bombing of N. Vietnam and targets in S. Vietnam

Sending troops1
Sending Troops

  • 1968 – LBJ sent more than 500,000 to fight in Vietnam

  • Draft used to fill military

    • Unequal – middle and upper class avoided service

    • What world champion boxer refused to be drafted into the US military?

      • Mohammad Ali

Tet offensive
Tet Offensive

  • Jan 1968 – N Vietnam launched major offensive during Tet (Vietnamese new year)

    • Strikes on district capitals and towns in S Vietnam

    • Saigon (S Vietnam capital) – attacked US embassy, Tan Son Nhut air base and presidential palace

Peace without victory
Peace Without Victory

  • 1968 – Richard Nixon elected

    • Promised to withdraw troops (5 years)

  • Jan 1974 – Henry Kissinger (National Security Advisor) reached cease-fire agreement

    • US sent billions to help S. Vietnam

  • April 1975 – N Vietnam captured Saigon

    • Renamed Ho Chi Minh City

Civil war in cambodia
Civil War in Cambodia

  • N. Vietnam used Cambodia as place to escape and bring supplies into S. Vietnam

    • 1969 – Nixon secretly ordered bombing of Communist bases in Cambodia

    • 1970 – US and S. Vietnam made ground attacks

  • Civil War emerges as Cambodians choose sides

    • 1975 – won by Khmer Rouge

      • Led by Pol Pot – Killing Fields

Vietnam war ends
Vietnam War Ends

  • Vietnam – bloody war

  • 1961-1973 – 58,000 US soldiers lost

    • Vietnam – 1million soldiers, ½ million civilians

  • US – painful period

    • Gov’t spent large amounts of money

      • By 1967 - $24 billion a year

Class work7
Class Work

  • Vietnam War: A Soldier’s Story DVD

    • Answer Questions


  • Vietnam War Map

Homework 14
Homework #14

  • Read - The Vietnam War and American Culture; The Wars's Costs; The Wars Consequences; Chronology; The Youth Revolt;


Did the US make the correct decision in going into Vietnam?

Why did we lose this war?

What other US conflict can we relate the Vietnam War to? Why?

Class work8
Class Work

  • Vietnam War: A Soldier’s Story DVD

    • Answer Questions


  • Vietnam War Map

  • Vietnam War Worksheets

Unit 5 student protest counter culture
Unit #5 – Student Protest & Counter Culture

  • Lesson Essential Question – How did America begin to react as more and more of our young men were coming home in body bags from the Vietnam War?

  • Vocabulary –

    Protest Hippie

    New Left Woodstock

    Teach-in Psychedelic Drug

    Conscientious objector Kent State


  • Think about the decade you are currently living in. Does it have a particular theme or identity? What is it?

  • Suggest adjectives that might describe the tone and spirit of this decade.

  • What was the tone/spirit of the 60s/70s?

Student protest
Student Protest

  • June 1971 – NY Times published series of articles based on classified gov’t study of Vietnam War

    • Known as Pentagon Papers

    • Revealed the gov’t officials (including LBJ) lied to Congress and American people about war

    • Many shocked

    • Most suspected ugly truth behind optimistic statements made by gov’t

  • Students at forefront of anti-war movement

  • Movement caused huge divide in country

    • Anti-war and pro-war

Student activism
Student Activism

  • Began in early 1960s – baby boom generation going to college

  • Rock-and-roll and rebellious youths on movie screen

    • 1963 – Bob Dylan – “The Times They are A-Changin’

  • Movements

    • New Left –

    • Free Speech Movement

    • Teach-in Movement

Resistance to war
Resistance to War

  • 1951 – selective service act – men 18-26

    • draft increases – Americans question morality and fairness of draft

      • College students received deferments

      • Some left country

      • Others claimed conscientious objectors

  • Campaign against Draft

    • Students for Democratic Society

      • “Hey, hey LBJ. How many kids did you kill today”

      • Racial War

    • 1968 – 200 protests in first 6 months

      • Columbia University

    • Weathermen - VIOLENT

Class work9
Class Work

  • Counter Culture Worksheets

  • Hippies & Cults - DVD

  • Hippies - DVD

Homework 15
Homework #15

  • Read - The Making and Unmaking of a Counterculture; The New Left;


  • Why did American students head up the protest of the Vietnam War?

  • Why did the not only begin to hate the war but also the warrior who fought it?


  • What does the word counterculture mean?

  • How far were the values, attitudes and activities of young people in the 1960s “counter” to the traditional American culture?

  • What about today?

  • Be prepared to share with class

Counter culture
Counter Culture

  • Rejected conventional customs

  • Experiment w/ new forms of dress

  • Different attitudes towards sex

  • Used drugs

Counter culture1
Counter Culture

  • Hippies –

    • Women – freer fashions = miniskirts and loose fitting dresses

    • Men –grew hair long and wore beards

Counter culture2
Counter Culture

  • Sexual Revolution

  • Drug Scene

    • Psychedelic Drugs

      • Altered perception of reality

    • Timothy Leary

      • Invented LSD

    • Vietnam War Veterans

    • Other side – Death

      • Jimi Hendrix, Janis Joplin, Jim Morrison


  • August 1969 – Woodstock Music and Art Fair (NY)

    • 300,000 people – Bethel, NY

Kent state
Kent State

  • 1970 – Nixon invades Cambodia – renewed anti-war movement

  • Kent State University (Ohio) – students rioted

  • Gov of Ohio – ordered National Guard to Kent State

    • Students threw rocks and empty tear gas canisters at them

    • Soldiers loaded guns and put on gas masks

  • 13 seconds of firing: 4 students dead, 9 wounded

Class work10
Class Work

  • Counter Culture Worksheets

  • Hippies & Cults - DVD

  • Hippies - DVD

Homework 16
Homework #16

  • Study for Unit 5 Concepts 4 & 5 Test


  • How did the counterculture in America change the Vietnam War?

  • Did this new group impact America positively or negatively? Why?

Unit 5 test

Unit #5 Test

Concepts 4 & 5

No Talking

Work Individually