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By: Brandon Bumanglag. Chapter 3 . The Mediterranean and Middle East, 2000-500 bce. And Daniel Takayama. The Cosmopolitan Middle East, 1700-1100 BCE. Hittites-a people from central Anatolia who established an empire in Anatolia and Syria in the Late Bronze Age

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chapter 3

By: Brandon Bumanglag

Chapter 3

The Mediterranean and Middle East, 2000-500 bce

And Daniel Takayama

the cosmopolitan middle east 1700 1100 bce
The Cosmopolitan Middle East,1700-1100 BCE
  • Hittites-a people from central Anatolia who established an empire in Anatolia and Syria in the Late Bronze Age
  • Hatshepsut-queen of Egypt, she dispatched a naval expedition to Punt
  • Akhenaten-Egyptian pharaoh who built a new capital at Armana
  • Ramesses II- long-lived ruler of New Kingdom Egypt, reached accommodation and started a battle with the Hittites
the cosmopolitan middle east 1700 1100 bce cont
The Cosmopolitan Middle East,1700-1100 BCE (cont.)
  • Late Bronze Age trade and diplomatic contacts between states fostered of goods and ideas, and elite groups enjoyed similar lifestyles and a relatively high standard of living
  • Immigrant groups that came to power in Babylonia and Egypt assimilated to Babylonian and Egyptian Language
  • New peoples in western Asia who learned and improved in the technologies and culture of Mesopotamia civilization challenged the old core area
the cosmopolitan middle east 1700 1100 bce cont1
The Cosmopolitan Middle East,1700-1100 BCE (cont.)
  • The Hittites used the technologies of chariot warfare and iron metallurgy to dominate Anatolia
  • New Kingdom Egypt abandoned traditional isolationism and extended control over Syria-Palestine and Nubia
  • Long-distance trade networks were based on metals and expedited by the advent of horses and camels
the aegean world
The Aegean World
  • Minoan- Prosperous civilization on the Aegean island of Crete in the second Millennium B.C.E.
  • Mycenae- Site of a fortified palace complex in Southern Greece that controled a Late Bronze Age Kingdom
  • Shaft Graves- A term used for the burial sites of elite members of the Mycenean Greek society
  • Linear B- A set of symbolic symbols
  • By 2000 B.C.E. Crete was the home to the first European Civilization with complex political and social structures and advanced technology.
the assyrian empire
The Assyrian Empire
  • Mass Deportation- The forcible removal and relocation of large numbers of people
  • Library of Ashurbanipal- a large collection of writings drawn from the ancient literary, religious and scientific traditions of Mesopotamia
  • King of Assyrian was at the center of government and the state religion
  • Ceaseless campaigns of conquest brought booty, tribute and taxes, and control of international commerce and valuable resources
israel 2000 500 b c e
Israel, 2000-500 B.C.E.
  • Israel- Occupied by the Israelites from the early second millennium B.C.E.
  • Hebrew Bible- A collection of sacred books containing many information about the Israelites
  • First Temple- Monumental structure built in Jerusalem by King Solomon, religious center for the Israelite god Yahweh
  • Monotheism- Belief in the existence of a single divine entity
  • Diaspora- Greek word “dispersal”, used to describe communities living outside their homeland.
  • Early Israelites were nomadic pastoralists, but eventually settled sown as farmers/herders in Canaan
  • Urbanization, wealth from trade and the status of the temple priesthood created divisions within Israelite society
phoenicia and the mediterranean 1200 500 b c e
Phoenicia and The Mediterranean, 1200-500 B.C.E.
  • Phoenicians-Canaanites living on the coast of modern Lebanon and Syria who speak Semitic
  • Carthage- City located in Tunisia and became a major commercial center and naval power
  • Tyre located on a practically impregnable offshore island and led by a king and merchant aristocracy, became the dominant Phoenician state
  • The religion of Carthaginians, included the sacrifice of children in times of crisis
failure and transportation 750 550 b c e
Failure and Transportation, 750-550 B.C.E.
  • The extension of Assyrian power over the entire Middle East had enormous consequences for all the peoples of the region
  • The Neo- Babylon kingdom took over much of the territory of the Assyrian empire and fostered a culture renaissance
  • The Assyrian state was weakened by the population of the homeland