what impact did the post stalin thaw have on superpower relations 1953 62 n.
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WHAT IMPACT DID THE POST-STALIN THAW HAVE ON SUPERPOWER RELATIONS 1953-62? PowerPoint Presentation
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WHAT IMPACT DID THE POST-STALIN THAW HAVE ON SUPERPOWER RELATIONS 1953-62?

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WHAT IMPACT DID THE POST-STALIN THAW HAVE ON SUPERPOWER RELATIONS 1953-62? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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WHAT IMPACT DID THE POST-STALIN THAW HAVE ON SUPERPOWER RELATIONS 1953-62?

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  1. WHAT IMPACT DID THE POST-STALIN THAW HAVE ON SUPERPOWER RELATIONS 1953-62? UNIT 3 ESSAY TOPIC 1.

  2. KEY FOCUS POINTS: • WHAT WAS THE USSR’S POLICY OF PEACEFUL COEXISTANCE? • WAS THIS KHRUSHCHEV’S POLICY OR HIS PREDECESSORS? • WHAT WERE THE USA’S POLICIES UNDER EISENHOWER, DULLES AND KENNEDY: ‘NEW LOOK’, ‘MASSIVE RETALIATION’, ‘BRINKMANSHIP’, ‘FLEXIBLE RESPONSE’. • EVIDENCE OF A THAW? • EVIDENCE OF INCREASED TENSIONS? • OTHER FACTORS THAT LED TO A ‘THAW’: ECONOMIC REALITIES, NUCLEAR ARMS RACE AND PERSONALITIES.

  3. USSR POLICY OF ‘PEACEFUL COEXISTANCE’ • IMPACT OF DEATH OF STALIN: • DEFINITION OF ‘PEACEFUL COEXISTANCE’: • WHY DID IT DEVELOP? • LEADERSHIP CONTEST – BERIA, MALENKOV, KHRUSHCHEV IMPACT: • REALITY OF POLICY BEHIND THE SCENES?

  4. USA FOREIGN POLICY; ‘NEW LOOK’, ‘MASSIVE RETALIATION’, ‘BRINKMANSHIP’ AND ‘FLEXIBLE RESPONSE’. • HOW DID THE FOREIGN POLICY DIFFER FROM TRUMAN? • IMPACT OF EISENHOWER, DULLES AND KENNEDY: • DEFINITION OF THE POLICIES: • WHY DID THE POLICIES DEVELOP? • REALITY BEHIND THE SCENES?

  5. EVIDENCE OF A ‘THAW’ 1953-1962? • DE-STALINISATION: • THE AUSTRIAN STATE TREATY: • SOVIET WITHDRAWAL FROM FINLAND, 1956: • ARMISTICE IN KOREA 1953 • MOLOTOV CALLED FOR REUNIFICATION IN 1953 • GENEVA CONFERENCE OF APRIL 1954 – FRENCH WITHDRAWAL FROM INDO-CHINA • REUNIFICATION OF AUSTRIA IN 1955 • THE GENEVA SUMMIT JULY 1955 – FIRST MEETING SINCE POTSDAM AND EISENHOWER’S CALLS FOR ‘OPEN SKIES’ • CULTURAL EXCHANGES OF SCIENTISTS, MUSICIANS AND ARTISTS • KHRUSHCHEV’S VISIT TO USA IN SEPT 1959 • SUMMIT MEETINGS PARIS 1960 AND VIENNA 1961

  6. EVIDENCE OF INCREASED TENSION: • USA’S POLICIES OF ‘BRINKMANSHIP • USA’ INCREASE IN MILITARY • MOLOTOV’S PROPOSAL OF UNIFICATION OF GERMANY REJECTED • DULLES WALKS OUT OF GENEVA CONFERENCE 1954 • WEST GERMANY ADMITTED INTO NATO IN 1955 • KHRUSHCHEV REJECTED EISENHOWER’S ‘OPEN SKIES’ POLICY • KHRUSHCHEV BOASTING ‘WE WILL BURY YOU’ IN VISIT TO US IN 1959 AND REFUSAL OF ENTRY TO DYSNEYLAND. • PARIS SUMMIT 1960 COLLAPSED OVER US U-2 SPY PLANE SHOT DOWN OVER SOVIET AIRSPACE AND PILOT CAPTURED AND PUT ON TRIAL • HUNGARIAN UPRISING 1956: • WARSAW PACT ESTABLISHED IN 1955 • SPACE RACE: • ARMS RACE: • BERLIN CRISIS AND BERLIN WALL

  7. HOW FAR WERE USSR AND USA POLICIES RESPONSIBLE FOR THE ‘THAW’? • USSR POLICIES RESPONSIBLE? • USA’S POLICIES RESPONSIBLE? • ECONOMIC REALITIES RESPONSIBLE? • NUCLEAR ARMS RACE RESPONSIBLE? • ROLE OF PERSONALITIES RESPONSIBLE? • YOUR OPINION: • WAS THERE A ‘THAW’? • IF SO WHO OR WHAT WAS RESPONSIBLE?