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Presentation on “Devolution of Power”. - By Mukti Rijal. Devolution of Power. Decentralization means : i) Transfer of power and authority from central institution to a lower or local levels of a governmental system

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Devolution of power

Devolution of Power

Decentralization means:

i) Transfer of power and authority from central institution to a lower or local levels of a governmental system

ii) Transfer of responsibility for planning management and resource raising from central government agencies to subordinate units.

Decentralization –

Decentre – Reversing centralization or opposite of centre

Devolution of power1
Devolution of Power

Various Degrees of Transfer (Forms of decentralization)

i) Deconcentration: The transfer to lower levels within the central or national government itself (sectoral/spatial shifting work load without authority to decide, power to control and direct its recipient at the local level)

ii) Delegation: The transfer of local government or other organizations wholly or partly outside the domain of the central govt. but remain accountable to it.

Devolution of power2
Devolution of Power

Various Degrees of Transfer (Forms of decentralization)

iii) Devolution:

♦ Clear jurisdiction

♦ Outside direct control of central govt.

♦ True form of decentralization/democratic decentralization/local autonomy /self-governance

iv) Privatization: Transfer to private entities

v) Debureaucratization: Transfer to voluntary or non governmental sector

Devolution of power3
Devolution of Power

i) Differentiated and pluralist structure of govt

ii) Grassroots political process

iii) Participatory bottom up development

iv) Sustainable development

v) Appropriate planning/implementation

vi) Local leadership (Nursery of leadership building)

vii) Local and institutionalresource base

Rationale of Devolution

"My idea of decentralized governance is that it is complete republic independent of its neighbours for its vital wants and yet interdependent for many others in which dependence is a necessity"

- M. K. Gandhi

Devolution of power4
Devolution of Power

Devolution (Political Decentralization) in Nepal

  • Monopolistic non-competitive political devolution – (Partyless Panchayat polity)

  • Pluralistic competitive political devolution – (Post 1990 phase especially following the enactment of Local Self Governance act, 1999)

Devolution of power5
Devolution of Power

Key Issues of Devolution in Nepal

i) Lack of political commitment

ii) Formalism vs. Realism

iii) Lack of role and mandate delineation (function/functionaries)

iv) Lack of institutional and resource capacity

v) Patron-client relationship

vi) Absence of active citizenship

Devolution of power6
Devolution of Power

Future Strategy

i) Constitutional space/recognition

ii) Building block of democracy/self-governance

iii) Promotion of civic national values

iv)Focus on creating space for civic dialogue serving the citizens and improving social outcomes

V) Resource sharing/assignment

v) Concurrent/jurisdictions in case of federalism (centre and province)