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APA Citation Style. Documenting Sources: References List & In-text Citations. Why Use APA Format?. Allows readers to locate your sources easily. Provides consistent format within a discipline. Protects you from plagiarism. Gives you credibility as an author. Where Do I Find the APA Format?.

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apa citation style

APA Citation Style

Documenting Sources: References List & In-text Citations

College of DuPage Library Revised 2/09

why use apa format
Why Use APA Format?
  • Allows readers to locate your sources easily.
  • Provides consistent format within a discipline.
  • Protects you from plagiarism.
  • Gives you credibility as an author.

College of DuPage Library Revised 2/09

where do i find the apa format
Where Do I Find the APA Format?
  • Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association(5th ed., 2001)The “Bible” of the APA style. Often called the “APA Manual.”
  • APA Style Guide to Electronic References(2007). Update to the Publication Manual.
  • C.O.D. Library Web sitewww.cod.edu/library > Citing Sources > APAExamples and other helpful Web sites

College of DuPage Library Revised 2/09

title page
Title Page
  • Papers in APA style require a title page.
  • Include the paper’s title and your name, course, professor’s name, date.
  • Ask your instructor for title page requirements!
  • Student Paper Example

College of DuPage Library Revised 2/09

paper format
Paper Format
  • Ask your instructor for requirements!
  • 12 pt. Times Roman font preferred or a non-serif font, but ask your instructor.
  • Double-spaced.
  • 1 inch margins.
  • Abbreviated title is header for all pages.
  • Pages are numbered.

College of DuPage Library Revised 2/09

quotations examples
Quotations: Examples
  • See pages 117-118 in the APA manual.
  • Also see OWL (Purdue University) Web site

College of DuPage Library Revised 2/09

paraphrasing examples
Paraphrasing: Examples
  • See pages 349-350 in the APA manual.
  • Also see OWL (Purdue University) Web site

College of DuPage Library Revised 2/09

complete paper example
Complete Paper Example
  • Student Paper Example
  • Also see example in APA manual.

College of DuPage Library Revised 2/09

apa references list
APA References List
  • Called “References,” alphabetized by item (author or title).
  • A list of every source that you make reference to in your paper.
  • Provides the information necessary for a reader to locate and retrieve any sources cited in your paper.
  • Each source cited in the paper must appear on the References list, and vice versa.

College of DuPage Library Revised 2/09

references list example
References List: Example
  • Student paper example Go to the end of the paper to see the “References.”

College of DuPage Library Revised 2/09

reference citations
Reference Citations
  • Citations should contain the following information: author’s name, title of work, publication information, to the extent that you can find this information about the source.

College of DuPage Library Revised 2/09

book example
Book: Example

Schneck, C. (2007). Sleep: The mysteries, the

problems, and the solutions. New York: Avery.

Citations should be double-spaced with a hanging indent.

College of DuPage Library Revised 2/09

article in reference book e g encyclopedia example
Article in Reference Book (e.g. Encyclopedia): Example
  • Frey, R. J. (2003). Post-traumatic stress disorder. In The Gale encyclopedia of mental disorders (Vol. 2, pp. 786-789). Detroit: Gale.

Citations should be double-spaced with a hanging indent.

College of DuPage Library Revised 2/09

chapter article in edited book example
Chapter/Article in Edited Book: Example

Mattia, J.I., & Zimmerman, M. (2001). Epidemiology. In W.J. Livesley (Ed.), Handbook of personality disorders: Theory, research, and treatment (pp. 107-123). New York: Guilford Press.

Citations should be double-spaced with a hanging indent.

College of DuPage Library Revised 2/09

journal article print example
Journal Article (Print): Example

Verona, E., & Kilmer, A. (2007). Stress exposure and affective modulation of aggressive behavior in men and women. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 116(2), 410-421.

Citations should be double-spaced with a hanging indent.

College of DuPage Library Revised 2/09

journal article electronic from subscription database with no doi example
Journal Article (electronic, from subscription database) with no DOI: Example

Norvilitus, J. M., Szablicki, P. B., & Wilson, S. D. (2003). Factors influencing levels of credit-card debt in college students. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 33(5), 935-947. Retrieved January 27, 2009, from Academic OneFile database.

Citations should be double-spaced with a hanging indent.

College of DuPage Library Revised 2/09

journal article electronic from subscription database with doi example
Journal Article (electronic, from subscription database) with DOI: Example

Andersson, G. (2009). Foster children: A longitudinal study of placements and family relationships. International Journal of Social Welfare, 18(1), 13-26. doi:10.1111/j.1468-2397.2008.00570.x

College of DuPage Library Revised 2/09

web site no author example
Web Site (No Author): Example

Obsessive-compulsive disorder. (2007, September 16). National Institute of Mental Health. Retrieved September 30, 2007, from http://www.nimh.nih.gov/ health/topics/obsessive-compulsive- disorder-ocd/index.shtml

Citations should be double-spaced with a hanging indent.

College of DuPage Library Revised 2/09

web site no date example
Web Site (No Date): Example

Archer, Z. (n.d.). Exploring nonverbal communication. Retrieved February 10, 2009, from http://zzyx.ucsc.edu/~archer

Citations should be double-spaced with a hanging indent.

College of DuPage Library Revised 2/09

image example
Image: Example
  • Netter, F. (2005). Heart [Electronic illustration]. Retrieved February 10, 2009, from http:// www.usip.edu/museum/ netter_detail3.htm.

College of DuPage Library Revised 2/09

image no author no title no date example
Image (No Author, No Title, No Date): Example
  • [Untitled image of a chest X-ray]. Retrieved February 10, 2009, from http://www.merritt.edu/~radte/.

College of DuPage Library Revised 2/09

other examples
Other Examples
  • Go to Web sites listed on the Citing Sources page under “Other Resources” for more examples and explanations.
  • Google it! e.g. magazine article APA style, but be careful to use a good Web site.

College of DuPage Library Revised 2/09

in text citations
In-text Citations
  • Sometimes called parenthetical citations.
  • Done within the text of your paper after you’ve quoted or paraphrased from a source.
  • Each source cited in the paper must appear on your “References” list, and vice versa.

College of DuPage Library Revised 2/09

example of signal phrase
Example of “Signal Phrase”
  • Social historian Richard Sennett (1980) names the tendency to come to terms with difficult experiences a "purification process" whereby "threatening or painful dissonances are warded off to preserve intact a clear and articulated image of oneself and one’s place in the world" (p. 11).

College of DuPage Library Revised 2/09

another type of in text citation
Another Type of In-Text Citation
  • The tendency to come to terms with difficult experiences is referred to as a "purification process" whereby "threatening or painful dissonances are warded off to preserve intact a clear and articulated image of oneself and one’s place in the world" (Sennett, 1980, p.11).

College of DuPage Library Revised 2/09

source with no author example
Source with No Author: Example
  • Several critics of the concept of the transparent society ask if a large society would be able to handle the complete loss of privacy ("Surveillance Society," 1998, p. 115).
  • Use an abbreviated version of the title.

College of DuPage Library Revised 2/09

help with apa citation
Help with APA Citation
  • Citing Sources page on Library’s Web site
  • Library’s Reference Desk—in person, email, or IM
  • Writing & Reading CenterIC 3040 & Library 3018(630) 942-3355 or make appointment online

College of DuPage Library Revised 2/09