Islands and Tourism MAF 471 10/9/02 Class Outline Importance of tourism Fascination with islands Cold-water island tourism Tourism challenges Islands’ dependence on tourism Tourism theories: resort cycle; perceptions Tourism Impacts Importance of tourism
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Many islands exert an attraction for visitors of a scale beyond their economic and geographical importance.
(Manning, 1998; McElroy and Albuquerque, 1998)
(AKA “Resort Cycle”; Butler, 1980)
(Doxey 1979; Husbands, 1989)
Tourism is very good at fouling its own nest
Pastorok and Bilyard, 1985
“The islanders subsisted on farming and fishing until Boracay was ‘discovered’ by international tourists in the 1980s. The result was an intense pressure on the island’s infrastructures, and the need for electricity, a central water supply and a system of sewage disposal soon became apparent. With the invasion of ‘drifter’ tourists, middle-class and family-oriented tourists declined in number, but the amount of garbage and other forms of pollution increased(…) ,and land values increased astronomically (…) Furthermore, drunkenness, narcotics and prostitution were imported into the island by the tourists, who also proceeded to deplete coral resources already damaged by the islanders fishing practices.
Yet the people of Boracay, like all rural Filipinos, would enjoy having the infrastructure that is needed to support tourism, because it would make their lives easier, pleasanter and safer. And they certainly want the income generated by tourism in the form of cash with which to buy goods and services including better education for their children. They appreciate the employment that is enabling their young people to stay on the island, or to return home to Boracay from the squalor of big cities, and be with their families. In the eyes of most villagers, tourism has been very positive, and the sins of the drifter tourists can be temporarily overlooked in the face of their largesse.”