Islands Islands of the World: Information and Geography
What is an island? • any area of land smaller than a continent and entirely surrounded by water. Islands may occur in oceans, seas, lakes, or rivers. A group of islands is called an archipelago. • Islands may be classified as either continental or oceanic. • Oceanic islands are those that rise to the surface from the floors of the ocean basins. These islands can also be volcanic! • Continental islands are simply unsubmerged parts of the continental shelf that are entirely surrounded by water.
Top 10 Largest Islands of the world GreenlandNorth Atlantic Ocean 822,700 New Guinea Papua New Guinea–Indonesia 309,000 BorneoIndonesia–Malaysia–Brunei 283,400 MadagascarIndian Ocean 226,658 Baffin Island Northwest Territories, Can. 195,928 SumatraIndonesia 167,600 434,000 HonshuJapan 87,805 227,414 Victoria Island Northwest Territories, Can. 83,897 217,291 Great Britain United Kingdom 83,698 216,777 Ellesmere Island Northwest Territories, Can. 75,767
Island Life • Oceanic islands are usually colonized by only a few animal forms, chiefly seabirds and insects. These islands are often covered with abundant vegetation, the seeds of which have been carried there, for example, by air and water currents or by birds; but the plant variety is relatively limited.
Island Pictures • Fiji Islands • officially the Republic of the Fiji Islands (often referred to simply as Fiji), is an independent island nation in the southern Pacific Ocean, located approximately 1,900 miles northeast of Sydney, Australia, and approximately 3,100 miles southwest of Honolulu, Hawaii. • Fiji was a British colony from 1874 to 1970, when it achieved independence. • Suva is the country’s capital, largest city, and commercial center. • Fiji consists of more than 800 islands and islets. About 100 of the islands are inhabited • Fiji’s economy is dependent on the sugar industry and tourism.
Island Pictures Lummi Island is the most northeasterly of the San Juan archipelago, and easily the most accessible. Located near Bellingham, Washington (Whatcom County), it is served by a small county ferry which makes the scenic, six minute crossing at least once an hour until mid-night. It is just two hours from Seattle, and one and a half hours from Vancouver, BC. Lummi Islands, Washington On this wooded, rural island you can still enjoy unspoiled natural beauty. It is graced with tranquil beaches and 18 miles of quiet, country roads ideal for biking, bird watching, or hiking. Since there are no RV parks, campsites, nor State parks, the island attracts a different kind of holiday seeker, one who wants to be in touch with nature and himself.
Island Pictures Hart Miller Island is located at the mouths of Back River and Middle River, where they empty into the Chesapeake Bay east of the City of Baltimore in Maryland. It was formerly two separate islands, Hart Island and Miller Island, but it is now almost entirely artificial, and is being filled with dredged material from Baltimore's harbour by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. It is now in use as a state park, accessible only by boat Hart-Miller Islands, Maryland
Island Pictures Hinchinbrook Island is Australia's largest island national park. Rising to 1121m in the centre of the island are the jagged battlements of Mt Bowen, the largest in the chain of rugged granite crags forming the backbone of the island's southern half. Hinchinbrook Island, Australia To the north-west a range of lesser peaks of older volcanic rocks, forms an undulating skyline descending to the sandy beach of Hecate Point. The spectacular north face of Mt Bowen drops 1121m in cliffs and forested scree slopes almost to sea level. From there a narrow strip of sand stretches north to connect with Capes Sandwich and Richards. There are 11 sandy beaches, several of them secluded. Walking around the island is fairly easy, going through light bush sections to see herons, cockatoos, pheasants, scrub hens, sunbirds and Torres Strait and wompoo pigeons. The Cape Richards lookout is the best spot to see dolphins,neighboring islands and sunsets. At the southern end of Orchid Beach, a short walk leads to Turtle Bay where on most afternoons large sea turtles feed on marine grasses.
Review • What is an island? • Where can an island occur? a. oceans c. rivers b. seas d. lakes • Islands can be classified as _______ or _______.