Ethics at Bachelor’s level. Philip Esterhuizen RN, BA(Cur) MScN, PhD. European directives for nurse education leading to registration. The educational programme should guarantee:
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Philip Esterhuizen RN, BA(Cur) MScN, PhD
The educational programme should guarantee:
In a programme of 3 years/4,600 hours, there should be a 50% balance of theory/practice. Practice can take place in hospitals, other health care institutions and in the community and should include:
In the Netherlands education the general secondary educational system has three main options, the MAVO (four years), the HAVO (five years) and the VWO (six years), the latter being the entry requirement to university degrees.
Level 5 Registered Nurse/BSc
Level 4 Registered Nurse
Level 3 nurse
Independent nursing activities
Level 2 nurse:
Basic nursing activities/assistant to more qualified staff
Level 1 nurse:
Housekeeping & non-patient activities
Two levels of nurse (Level 4 educated at college level and Level 5 educated at degree level) are both registered as nurses under the Individual Health Care Professions Act.
Both levels of nurses are expected to:
(a) recognise and analyse actual and/or threatening consequences of physical, mental pathological processes,
(b) recognise and analyse disabilities or developmental disorders
(c) recognise and analyse the individual’s vital functions
(d) provide counselling and assist the individual in situations when necessary.
The Level 5 nurse:
The skill set for the degree level (5) nurse includes the following competencies:
The practice part of the programme:
In addition to the regular BSc Nursing programme, students can choose a second option in the form of a cooperative nursing education programme.
This programme is also 4 years in duration, but here the student is employed by a hospital where all practice placements take place. The theory and practice/work balance shift from 60% practice in the first years to 80% practice in the final years.
The Cooperative nursing programme is based strongly on the concept of workplace learning by means of clinical placements being a way of achieving academic credits.
Expertise develops when the clinician tests and refines propositions, hypotheses, and principle-based expectations in actual practice situations
Having an experience in practice
What? Description of the event
Actioning the new learning
from the experience
on selected aspects
of the experience
following the event
An analysis of the event
Discovery of what learning
emerges from reflection
What do I want?
What do I think?
What am I doing?
Single loop learning
Double loop learning
Triple loop learning
Assist students in setting boundaries