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Mass Media and Holocaust Memory. Examples of the “ Holocaust Metaphor ”. El Periódico , 2000. Jan and Aleida Assmann.

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Presentation Transcript
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Jan and AleidaAssmann

Communicative Memory – everyday communication, temporal horizon of eighty to hundred years, strongly influenced by contemporaries of the remembered events. SHORT TERM MEMORY.

Cultural Memory – “body of reusable texts, images, and rituals specific to each society in each epoch, whose ‘cultivation’ serves to stabilize and convey that society’s self-image.” LONG TERM MEMORY. - (Equivalent to Tradition).

Source: Jan Assmann, “Collective Memory and Cultural Identity,” New German Critique 65 (1995), p. 132

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HOLOCAUSTisaninsulttothosewhoperished, and thosewhosurvived.TheHolocaust has to be

rememberedbutnot as a TV Show.

ElieWiesel (Survivor)

1979

SCHINDLER’S LIST isone of themostpowerful films of all time, capturingthe true horror of theHolocaust.

Anna Bergman (Survivor)

2013

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Class debate:

HOLOCAUST MADE IN HOLLYWOOD?

  • POSITIVE (Optimists) vs. NEGATIVE (Apocalyptics)
  • Furtherquestionsfordiscussion:
  • Isthere a “memoryindustry”? (CriticalTheory)
  • Isthere a seriousmemoryvs. a trivial memory?
  • Isthere true vs. false memory?
  • What are theeffectsof theserepresentations?
  • Relationbetweencomunicativememory and cultural memory.
  • Do these products energize discourses of
  • traumatic memories or block insight into specific
  • and other histories(Huyssen).
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UNITED STATES

HOLOCAUST MEMORIAL MUSEUM

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“Even  if  the  Holocaust  has  been  endlessly commercialized, that does not mean that all commercialization inevitably trivializes it as a historical event.

There is no pure space, existing outside the culture of commodities, no matter how much we would like for it to exist. Thus, a great deal depends on the specific strategies  of  representation  and  commercialization  and  the  context  in  which  both  are  staged”  

Andreas Huyesen

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Memory can be transmitted to those who were not actually there to live an event.

Post-memories are memories in their own right.

Post-memory marks a particular turn-of-century moment, marked by looking backward rather than ahead and defining the present in relation to a troubled past rather than initiating new paradigms.

Post-memory is a consequence of traumatic recall but (unlike post-traumatic stress disorder) at a generational remove.

Relationship to the formative events of the XX century has been defined by the powerful but mediated forms of knowledge

POST-MEMORY

Marianne Hirsch