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Government, Industry & R&D. Government/Industry Roles. Traditionally Japanese Government has been proactive in identifying and strengthening specific growth industries Mobile in Japan in the 1990’s PDC developed in isolation – an export failure

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government industry roles
Government/Industry Roles
  • Traditionally Japanese Government has been proactive in identifying and strengthening specific growth industries
  • Mobile in Japan in the 1990’s
    • PDC developed in isolation – an export failure
    • 3G (WCDMA) – an IPR and global standards success, and the first commercial rollout (FOMA)
    • i-Mode – 75% of all phone users have Internet access, (and use it, because it provides services they want)
    • Changing relationships with the introduction of a competitive marketplace
      • 3 operators – NTT DoCoMo, J-Phone, KDDI
e japan
  • Government Initiative
    • ‘IT Strategy HQ’ established – July 2000
    • ‘IT Strategy Conference’ – 20 industry experts
    • ‘IT Basic Strategy’ – established November 2000
    • ‘IT Basic Law’ – January 2001
    • ‘e-Japan’ Strategy established – January 2001
      • “The most advanced high speed wireless Internet-connection will be achieved in which the wireless access network will be efficiently connected with the Internet (IPv6)…”
  • The Role of Mobile within ‘e-Japan’
    • New Generation Mobile (industry) Committee established to produce report for the Telecommunications Council
report to the telecoms council june 2001 exec summary
Report to the Telecoms Council June 2001 - Exec Summary
  • Mobile IT…
    • “…requires global support”
    • “…a mountain of treasures of IPR”
    • “…early realisation is a key to IT industry”
    • “…a driving force behind new service & business”
  • “An action plan for realisation of the mobile IT environment”
  • “We strongly expect that comprehensive promotion of the mobile IT is planned quickly and strongly based on this report”
  • mITF – Mobile IT Forum – first action step
mobile it forum mitf

General Assembly

Steering Committee

Fourth Generation Mobile Comms Committee

WAP Committee

Mobile Commerce


Business Promotion Sub-Committee







Mobile IT Forum - mITF
  • mITF –
    • Created June 2001
    • 120 companies, 10 individuals (academics), 1 ‘special’ (ARIB)
    • ARIB provide the secretariat for mITF
    • Structure:
scope of the 4g subcommittee

3G, Nomadic, W-LAN, ITS, Digital TV, etc.




0. Application & Vision

Application Sub-Committee

  • 1. System
    • System architecture, Security, Required function, etc.

Interactive Feedback

Seamless Service & Network with other systems

Scope of work of System Sub-Committee

  • 2. Core and Radio Access Network
    • All-IP Network, Mobility control, Wireless QoS, Radio cell planning, Radio network control, Radio transmission, etc.
  • 3. Terminal Equipment
    • Multi-band/ Multi-mode terminal, Human machine interface, Mobile platform, etc.
Scope of the ‘4G subcommittee’
government mphpt
Government - MPHPT
  • Created April 2001
    • “Ministry of Public Management, Home Affairs, Posts & Telecommunications”
    • Sometimes known as MGA (Ministry of General Affairs) or Soumosho
    • (The old MPT was subsumed into the new MPHPT)
  • Responsibilities in regard to Future Mobile
    • “Ensuring the Foundation of R&D”
    • Spectrum management & Future Requirements
    • Co-ordinating Japanese Vision and Input to ITU-R
r d foundation 1
R&D Foundation (1)
  • The Key Players
    • NTT DoCoMo – major R&D capability
      • Most 3G research staff moved to FOMA
      • Remainder active on ‘4G’
    • Other industry players beginning ‘4G’ research
      • Many have begun in last year, relatively small numbers
      • Focus on technologies identified in TC report and described earlier
    • Universities
      • 480 in Japan, only just begun ranking exercise
      • Key mobile players active as individuals in mITF
    • CRL (Central Research Laboratories)
      • Funded by MPHPT, now an ‘independent administrative institution’ and perhaps playing a diminishing role ?
    • Yokosuka Research Park – a national focus
r d foundation 2
R&D Foundation (2)
  • Yokosuka Research Park
    • Conceived in 1987, opened in 1997
    • £1bn invested in the YRP site & facilities to date
      • 50% of which by NTT DoCoMo
      • National and local government support and investment
    • Actively promoted, both nationally and internationally
    • Rapidly established itself as the national centre for mobile communications research
      • Most mobile R&D consolidated at YRP - 6000 staff
    • Now seeking to attract companies in
      • Broadcasting
      • Internet
      • …in order to develop the service and business synergies with mobile communications
r d foundation 3
R&D Foundation (3)
  • R&D Requirements for Future Mobile Evolution
    • mITF focussing on the ‘giant step’, whilst companies themselves fund earlier 3G evolution
    • Funding expected from both industry & government, but no assessments of cost yet undertaken
      • NB Korean MIC $100m investment announcement Feb 2002
    • Government funding is expected for some areas of research – examples given were - SDR, propagation
    • ‘Companies need to understand the importance in participation in such activities’
  • Future Interaction
    • Government and industry appeared keen to build on May 2001 MoU with UK Government
spectrum management 1
Spectrum Management (1)
  • Spectrum Allocation & Trading
    • Spectrum viewed as a ‘public good’
    • Philosophical objection to ‘selling’ spectrum
    • Rather leasing, and returned if not used
    • Auctions being considered (in & out of favour)
  • Regulation of Software Radio
    • Actively engaged on SDR
    • (SDR Forum are working hard on MPHPT)
    • Study committee to report March 2003
    • Followed by public consultation
    • (These dates are later than those believed by SDRF)
spectrum management 2
Spectrum Management (2)
  • Service Convergence
    • Comms-Broadcast boundaries blurring
    • Radio Law covers Cellular Operators
    • Broadcast Law covers Broadcasters
    • New Law covers satellite based broadcasters and comms operators
    • Nothing yet for terrestrial overlap situations
    • Traditional ITU categories still relevant for interference analyses
standards itu r vision
Standards - ITU-R Vision
  • ITU-R WP8F
    • International body responsible for future mobile radio systems
    • Led the IMT-2000 activity (3G), begun in 1987
    • Now looking at ‘Systems beyond 3G’
    • Presently developing its ‘Vision’ document
  • The Japanese Influence
    • Very actively inputting over the past year or more
    • Originally a limited view of ‘4G is a new air interface, 100 Mb/s’
    • Interworking with WLANs and other networks is now acknowledged as important
    • In this “public” forum, the date of 2010 for the 100 Mb/s air interface was quoted as being a …“working assumption for the introduction of service for the purposes of R&D”
standards itu r vision1
Standards - ITU-R Vision
  • Spectrum Availability
    • Japanese TC report anticipates a need for
      • 1.2-1.7 GHz
      • in the region 3-5 GHz
      • with channels of 50-100 MHz bandwidth
    • Japanese desire to put on the WRC2006 agenda
  • Current Issues…
    • Some antagonism to the Japanese position
    • MPHPT noted that 3G took 10 years to deployment from spectrum allocation at WRC ’92, but think a quicker timescale could be achieved locally in Japan
standards networks
Standards - Networks
  • Standards
    • The Japanese vision is for a convergence of Internet and mobile core infrastructure
    • If mobile / Internet convergence is to happen it must involve the IETF, but…
      • How to influence IETF ?
      • It doesn’t operate in the ‘traditional’ telecom manner
    • This issue, essential if true mobile/Internet core convergence to happen, is recognised to a limited degree
final remarks
Final Remarks
  • Assessment
    • There exists a shared belief in the importance of mobile communications to future national wealth
      • Learnt from the past
      • Competition with wireline
      • (Competition with Korea ?)
    • Government and industry are beginning to invest in the future of the industry
      • Still at an early stage
      • No obvious technological lead yet exists
      • Currently more ‘goals’ than ‘technology’
      • Many standards issues unclear – eg IETF
      • International collaboration will be needed
final remarks1
Final Remarks
  • Further Resources
    • The Mission Team Report
    • YRP Telecom Summit
      • 4th YRP Symposium on Cooperation between Industry, Academia and Government in Mobile Communications
      • 10-11th July 2002 at YRP
    • EC Training Grants available –
      • Funding available to develop staff who may have to work in or deal with Japan
      • 120,000 Euros to fund 12 months of language training and basic living allowance in Japan to learn the language and culture, followed by 6 month local placement of an employee in a selected organisation