ANTITERRORISM/ FORCE PROTECTION GUARD TRAINING. CONTROL ENTRY TO A U.S. INSTALLATION OR SITE. TASK
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ANTITERRORISM/ FORCE PROTECTION GUARD TRAINING
CONTROL ENTRY TO A U.S. INSTALLATION OR SITE
TASK To provide detailed procedures for controlling pedestrian and vehicular access to U.S. installations or sites while performing Antiterrorism/Force Protection duties. CONDITIONS You are on AT/FP guard duty at an installation gate during a heightened Threatcon. You have written guard orders explaining personnel identification, the package control system, and the vehicle control system; and you have the required equipment to implement them. You also have personnel with packages and/or vehicles who are attempting to enter or exit the area.
STANDARDS • You must take the steps in performance measure 1 to allow only authorized persons and vehicles to enter or exit the area. • You must make a record of all persons and vehicles allowed to enter or exit. • You must take the steps in Performance Measures 1-5 to prevent the breakdown of security. • You must report security violations. • You must detain suspects according to performance measure 1.
TRAINING AND EVALUATION Training Information Outline Attacks against U.S. personnel will often involve either attack or infiltration of personnel and weaponry through an installation control point. The history of terrorist bombing attacks in Europe firmly indicates that the potential of an attack still remains and is likely to be some form of improvised explosive device. In those instances where terrorist attacks were successfully neutralized, it was the result of alert, well-trained security forces.
TRAINING AND EVALUATION • Training Information Outline (Continued) • Implementation of access control procedures prevents the introduction of harmful devices, materiel, and components and prevents the misappropriation, pilferage, or compromise of materiel and/or recorded information by means of: • Package control. • Materiel control. • Property movement control.
TRAINING AND EVALUATION Training Information Outline (Continued) Prevention of the above activities is accomplished through initially determining who has a valid requirement to be in an area, limiting access to personnel who have a need to enter, and establishing procedures for positively identifying of persons within and of persons authorized access into restricted areas. Issuing special identification cards or badges to personnel authorized access into restricted areas and using access lists, identification codes, and duress codes further assist in achieving favorable access control procedures.
Performance Measure 1:Correctly identify personnel and their authority to enter or exit the area. a. Identify the person. Verify their identity with their ID card or badge. Make sure the photograph on the card matches the person. b. Examine the ID card for alteration or forgery. Seize forged, severely damaged, altered, or severely expired ID or installation-access documents; and, notify the Sergeant of the Guard and Military Police. Detain, without employing force, the person who presented the ID card if possible until Military Police arrive. If it is not possible to detain the person, write down a good description of the individual and as much information as possible to assist Military Police and Host Nation police in locating and apprehending the individual. c. Verify that the person and/or vehicle is authorized entry onto the installation IAW Guard Orders or Guard SOP.
Performance Measure 2:Obtain a personal escort for persons who: a. Are not allowed access onto the installation. (Note: The attached document lists the USAREUR or higher level documentation that suffices for installation access.) Use AE Form 190-13H(G)-R or 190-13H(I)-R to document the entrance of visitors to installations and activities requiring controlled access. b. Have identified an escort who is authorized installation access. The escort must stay with escorted persons from the time he or she enters the installation until he or she departs.
Performance Measure 3:Check authorization for entry of vehicles. a. Keep a log of all vehicles entering the installation that require escort. Use AE Form 190-13H(G)-R or 190-13H(I)-R to document the entrance of visitors to installations and activities requiring controlled access. b. Obtain escorts for commercial and personal vehicles entering the area that do not have authorization for unescorted installation access. Vehicles must be escorted throughout the movement within the area.
Performance Measure 4:Prevent introduction of weapons, explosives, or other harmful materials. a. Controls package. When ordered (or directed in Guard Orders), search all packages brought onto the installation. b. Search vehicles authorized to enter before allowing them to enter. There are two types of searches performed, cursory and detailed. (1) Cursory Search. Visually scan the interior of the vehicle for other occupants, explosive devices, and/or weapons. (2) Detailed Searches are addressed in the POI titled, “Conduct a Detailed Vehicle Search”.
Performance Measure 5:Take action upon discovery of a security violation. a. Immediately notify the Sergeant of the Guard and the Military Police. b. Detain suspect(s) for Military Police, if possible. c. Assist Military Police as requested. d. If the suspect had a possible explosive device in his vehicle or package, assist Military Police with “Respond to a Bomb Threat” performance measures. e. Provide a detailed written report.
Attachment: (Extracts from Chapter 4, UR 190-13, Physical Security -- Tailored for AT/FP Requirements) ENTRY AUTHORIZATION a. Any of the documents listed in c and d below may be used to gain access to installations not designated as restricted areas. Documents in e below will be used to control access to restricted areas. b. Documents without photographs may be used as access authorization; however, the bearer must still have a form of ID with a photograph (for example, a military ID card, passport). c. The following ID cards have photographs: (1) DD Form 2(RET), United States Uniformed Services Identification Card (Retired). (2) DD Form 2A(ACT) (Army), Active Duty Military ID Card.
ENTRY AUTHORIZATION (Continued) (3) DD Form 2A(RES), Armed Forces of the United States Identification Card (Reserve). This card may be used when the holder is authorized logistic or mission support according to AR 600-8-14 and USAREUR Regulation 600-700. Installation or facility policy may impose restrictions on the use of DD Form 2A(RES) when such support is not authorized. Access to Reserve training facilities, however, should not be denied. (4) DD Form 2AF(ACT) (Air Force), Active Duty ID Card. (5) DD Form 2MC(ACT) (Marine Corps), Active Duty Military ID Card. (6) DD Form 2N(ACT) (Navy), Active Duty Military ID Card. (7) DD Form 1173, Uniformed Services Identification and Privilege Card. This card is used for non-U.S. NATO Forces and for DOD civilians. It is valid only overseas. (8) DA Form 1602, Civilian Identification
ENTRY AUTHORIZATION (Continued) (9) DA Form 5431, Army Guard/Reserve Family Member Identification Card. Family members may use DA Form 5431 to enter an installation only when their sponsor is on one of the following training duties ((3) above): (a) Active duty (AD) or active duty for training (ADT). (b) Annual training (AT). (c) Inactive duty training (IDT). (d) Temporary tour of active duty (TTAD). (10) AE Form 190-13A, Permanent U.S. Army, Europe, Installation Pass. To receive AE Form 190-13A, applicants must complete AE Form 190-13B (Application for Permanent U.S. Army, Europe, Installation Pass) (para 4-6). (11) AE Form 600-410C, USAREUR Civilian Support Identification Card. (12) AE Form 600-700A, USAREUR Privilege and Identification Card.
ENTRY AUTHORIZATION (Continued) d. The following may be used as ID or access documents: (1) DD Form 1172, Application for Uniformed Services Identification Card and DEERS Enrollment. DD Form 1172 may be used to gain access to the installation only for obtaining another entry authorization document (for example, DD Form 1173). (2) DD Form 1610, Request and Authorization for TDY Travel DOD Personnel. Civilians must present DD Form 1610 with a passport. (3) AE Form 190-13C, Temporary U.S. Army, Europe Installation Pass. Paragraph 4-7 discusses this form. e. The following are restricted-area access-control documents (badges): (1) AE Form 190-13J, Security Badge (Red). (2) AE Form 190-13K, Security Badge (Green). (3) AE Form 190-13G, Security Badge (Black).
ENTRY AUTHORIZATION (Continued) f. Solicitation permits do not grant installation access to the holder. These permits are issued and controlled according to AR 210-7 and USAREUR Regulation 210-70, and give authorization only to sell merchandise. Individuals must obtain access and solicitation authority from each installation or community as a separate action. g. AE Form 190-13A will never be issued in place of AE Form 210-70E (USAREUR/USAFE Commercial Solicitation Permit) for vending and solicitation. Vendors must coordinate access requirements with individual installations.
ALTERNATE INSTALLATION ACCESS PROCEDURES. Conditions may exist where the use of AE Form 190-13C is impractical, such as a facility with a large volume of transient traffic. ASG and BSB commanders may waive the requirement to use AE Form 190-13C for temporary access if an approved local procedure is implemented. The procedure must comply with the following: a. Commanders must verify local conditions are such that using AE Form 190-13C as outlined in paragraph 4-7 is not practical because of resource limitations or operational necessity. Local procedures will be approved in writing by the ASG commander. b. Exceptions will apply to a single installation or facility. c. Local procedures will require use of an access device (pass or access roster) that distinctly indicates the applicable installation or facility and the individual's full name, place of duty, and ID (passport or Ausweis) number.
ALTERNATE INSTALLATION ACCESS PROCEDURES. (Continued) d. Each individual will be required to present ID to the guard at the point of entry. The guard will verify the photograph on the ID is that of the bearer, and will check the number on the ID against the local access device. Individuals will not be required to surrender personal ID to be granted access. e. Local procedures will be augmented during periods of increased THREATCONs by using a sign-in/sign-out system.
CONFISCATING ID CARDS, PASSES, AND BADGES. a.Commanders and issuing authorities will strictly follow the provisions of AR 600-8-14 and USAREUR Regulation 600-700. b. AT/FP guards will deny access to personnel possessing ID cards, installation-access passes or badges that are forged, severely damaged, altered, or severely expired; seize those documents; and, notify the Sergeant of the Guard and Military Police. AT/FP guards will inform the supporting law enforcement activity when personnel refuse to surrender an expired, altered, forged, or severely damaged ID or installation-access document. c. AT/FP guards (except military police (MP) personnel) who confiscate ID documents (b above) will complete AE Form 190-13D (Receipt for Confiscated ID Card) and give the completed form to the person surrendering the document. MPs will provide a receipt for confiscated ID documents with DA Form 4137 (Evidence/ Property Custody Document). The confiscated ID card, pass, or badge will be turned over to the nearest issuing agency or authority, or to the MP office when the document is needed for evidence.
CONFISCATING ID CARDS, PASSES, AND BADGES. (Continued) d. AT/FP guards will not require individuals to surrender personal ID devices to be granted access to USAREUR installations unless special requirements are specified in the policy on special-access programs.
REPORTING PERSONS BARRED FROM INSTALLATIONS a. ASG commanders will report persons barred from USAREUR installations to the Commander, 1st Personnel Command, ATTN: AEUPE-PSSD-PAD, Unit 29058, APO AE 09081, according to AR 600-20. b. The Commander, 1st Personnel Command (1st PERSCOM), will regularly publish a list of persons barred from USAREUR installations. Commanders or their designated representatives will review this list before issuing access-authorization documents.
INSTALLATION ACCESS BY GERMAN POLICE a. Purpose. (1) This paragraph provides guidance for the entry of German police (GP) onto U.S. accommodations for the purpose of criminal investigation, hot pursuit, and apprehension. (2) This paragraph does not include policy on GP access in cases of hostage taking, terrorist acts, armed violence, or similar criminal incidents; demonstrations; catastrophes; or accidents. These conditions are covered by the SOP for Community Commanders-Installations Commanders of U.S. Forces Accommodations in Germany, subject: Procedures for Entry Onto U.S. Forces Accommodations by the German Police and Cooperation With the U.S. Forces in Cases of Major Disturbances, 8 November 1989; and agreements on this subject reached between appropriate German State (Land) Governments and USAREUR Land liaison offices.
INSTALLATION ACCESS BY GERMAN POLICE (Continued) b. Jurisdiction. The U.S. Forces may exercise the police jurisdiction (NATO SOFA, Art VII, para 10(a)) on the accommodations made available to the U.S. Forces for exclusive use (SA to NATO SOFA, Art 53, para 1). Exercise of German jurisdiction, however, is not excluded, because an extraterritoriality of accommodations of foreign armed forces stationed in Germany is not provided for in the NATO SOFA. To safeguard the security and protect the property of the U.S. Forces and, for the protection of German interests, the GP have an inherent need for access onto U.S. accommodations. c. Procedures. The local PM or designated representative will support the GP to the greatest extent possible in accordance with the NATO SOFA, supplements to it, and applicable U.S. and HN laws, directives, and regulations. To do this, the local PM or designated representative will- (1) Establish and conduct liaison with the GP having jurisdiction for each respective U.S. accommodation and establish procedures for installation access by GP. The PM or a designated representative will not, however, conclude any agreements with the GP or other German authority other than establishing administrative working procedures to implement the provisions of this regulation. The liaison should ask GP to-
INSTALLATION ACCESS BY GERMAN POLICE (Continued) (a) Use blue lights when entering U.S. accommodations in hot pursuit (defined in the glossary). Plain-clothes GP should identify themselves by showing their badges or credentials. U.S. guard personnel will not delay GP in hot pursuit; but, will immediately notify the MP desk sergeant, who will request all gates to the installation be closed and remain closed until the suspects are apprehended. MP patrols will be dispatched to close unguarded gates if possible. (b) Coordinate with the local PM office or MP station before entering the installation to conduct routine investigations. The MP may accompany GP during routine investigations on a U.S. installation. (c) Coordinate with the local PM when entrance to buildings or quarters in U.S. housing areas is required. On notification by the PM, MP will accompany GP to help deal with residents. This coordination requirement does not apply during hot pursuit. (2) During emergencies, provide GP with a liaison who is familiar with the area. The U.S. Forces will provide a qualified interpreter if required.
INSTALLATION ACCESS BY GERMAN POLICE (Continued) d. Entry to Restricted Areas. Unless specifically permitted by the U.S. representative in charge (for example, PM, officer in charge (OIC), noncommissioned officer in charge (NCOIC)), do not allow the GP to enter areas, buildings, or portions of buildings designated "restricted." In hot-pursuit situations, the OIC, NCOIC, or staff duty officer (SDO) may grant this permission and immediately notify the PM. Grant entry only in accordance with applicable security regulations and only when it would otherwise be impossible to conduct an investigation.
EVALUATION PREPARATION 1. Setup: Control entry teams require at least two personnel. AT/FP guards should have written guard orders explaining personnel identification documents, the package control system, and the vehicle control system; and have the required equipment to implement these procedures. Also required are role-players with packages and/or vehicles who are attempting to enter or exit the area. 2. The search team must be equipped with appropriate cold weather gear, a flashlight, mirror device, flak vest, kelvar, LCE, and gloves, at a minimum. 3. Brief Soldiers: Take the time to conduct a thorough inspection of documentation that will authorizes entry. Do not let personnel who are impatient or in a hurry, intimidate you into conducting a cursory inspection of their documents or bags, etc.
PERFORMANCE MEASURESRESULTS 1. Stopped the person(s) and requested/checked identification. P F 2. Conducted a thorough examination of their documentation to ensure it was not expired, altered, or forged. . P F 3. If there was a documentation problem, they immediately contacted the Sergeant of the Guard and requested MP or HN police, as appropriate. P F 4. Compared the provided documentation to their guard orders and the attached installation pass system extract to determine authorization for entry onto the installation. P F 5. Logged in all vehicles/personnel requiring escort. P F 6. Conducted a cursory or detailed vehicle search IAW guard orders. If a detailed vehicle search was required, ensure it was conducted IAW the Vehicle Search POI. P F
PERFORMANCE MEASURES (Continued) RESULTS 7. Took immediate action when a suspicious item is discovered. P F 8. Notified the Sergeant of the Guard and Military Police. P F 9. Detained all occupants until situation is cleared. P F FEEDBACK Score the search team GO if all searches and measures are performed correct. Score the search team NO-GO if any of the measures are performed incorrect. If the search team fails any measure, have them repeat all steps.
CONDUCT A DETAILED VEHICLE SEARCH
TASK To provide detailed search procedures of vehicles for weapons and or explosives devices while performing Antiterrorism/Force Protection duties. To conduct an effective search, soldiers must have some knowledge or be trained on recognizing basic automotive parts! CONDITIONS Given a vehicle, mirror device and training aids, soldiers will conduct a systematic detailed and search of a vehicle. STANDARDS Soldiers will conduct a detailed systematic search of a vehicle for weapons and explosive devices.
TRAINING AND EVALUATION Training Information Outline Placing a bomb on an installation normally requires that the bomb be transported to the scene, usually by means of a motor vehicle. The history of terrorist bombing attacks in Europe firmly indicates that the potential of an attack still remains. In those instances where attacks were successfully neutralized, it was the result of alert, well-trained security forces.
Performance Measure 1:Stop the vehicle. Performance Measure 2:Identify occupants by looking at driver's license or ID card. a. Have the driver produce an identification, vehicle registration or dispatch. (NOTE: The required identification and documents must be address in the guard orders). b. Check for authenticity and consistency, i.e., license plates match the registration. Performance Measure 3:Tell the occupants they have been stopped for a vehicle search. In a firm but courteous manner, inform them of the reason for the search.
Performance Measure 4:If the occupants consent to a search, have them move the vehicle to a search location which allows other AT/FP guards to continue access controls and to provide overwatch for the AT/FP guard performing the search. If the driver will not consent, detain the occupants for Military Police or Host Nation Police but do not use force. If they cannot be detained without force, let them depart but record a description of the occupants and the vehicle, any personal identification information you obtained, and the license plate number. Immediately report this information to the Sergeant of the Guard and the Military Police. Performance Measure 5:Once the vehicle is moved to the search area, ask the driver and occupants to get out of vehicle. a. Occupants must be positioned where the observer can monitor them (approximately 5 meters from the vehicle). b. Have the driver open the glove compartment and all doors, including the trunk and hood. When completed, the driver will move to an area away from the vehicle where he or she is monitored.
Performance Measure 6:Conduct a systematic search. a. Search the inside of the vehicle, including areas behind and under the seat, under the dashboard, inside glove and tool compartments, and above sun visors. b. Search the exterior of the vehicle, including the following: (1) Cargo areas/trunk. (2) Left front fender well and behind the wheel. (3) Front bumper grill, and underneath. (4) Right front fender well and behind wheel. (5) Right rear fender well and behind the wheel. (6) Rear bumper and underneath. (7) Left rear fender well and behind the wheel. (8) Top of the vehicle and luggage racks.
Performance Measure 6:Conduct a systematic search (Continued). c. Search the undercarriage including left side and right side of the body using improvised mirror device and flashlight (illuminated search mirrors, if available) for places that are difficult to see. d. Search the engine compartment behind radiator and around the engine. e. Search with the assistance of an Explosives Military Working Dog team or Explosives Detection Device, if available. f. Pay close attention to areas under the seats, floor mats, and under or behind spare tires. Performance Measure 7:When firearms, explosives, or other harmful materials are not found in the search, thank the occupants for their cooperation and help them enter their vehicle into the flow of traffic.
Performance Measure 8:When firearms, explosives, or other harmful materials are found in the search, take the following actions: (1) Suspend all activity at the search site and close the access point. (2) Reroute traffic and evacuate 300 meters, or as far as practical, and take position behind any type of hard cover. (3) Notify the Sergeant of the Guard, Military Police, and Host Nation police, if appropriate (non-U.S. citizen). (4) Detain all occupants of the vehicle until the situation is rectified. NOTE: The area selected for vehicle searches should be asfar as possible from the main roadway.
Performance Measure 9:Upon arrival of Military Police, assist as requested. Performance Measure 10:Submit written report to the Sergeant of the Guard and provide written accounts to Military Police as requested.
EVALUATION PREPARATION 1. Setup: As a search team, a thorough search requires three or four soldiers (when possible): a. One soldier functions as an observer. b. The other soldiers would be responsible for searching a specific area of the vehicle, i.e., interior, trunk/engine compartment, undercarriage and exterior. 2. The search team must be equipped with appropriate cold weather gear, a flashlight, mirror device, flak vest, kelvar, LCE, and gloves, at a minimum. The observer should have a clipboard to secure vehicle documents.
EVALUATION PREPARATION 3. Brief Soldiers: Take the time to conduct a thorough search. Do not let vehicle occupants who are impatient or in a hurry, intimidate you into conducting a cursory search. It is extremely difficult to conduct a realistic search of the undercarriage of a vehicle with only a mirror device. Train soldiers to get on their hands and knees to physically check as much of the undercarriage as possible. DO NOT RELY SOLEY ON MIRROR DEVICES! NOTE: The following items warrant special attention: a. Fire Extinguishers b. Propane Cylinders c. Luggage d. Gym bags e. Items taped or strapped to the vehicle
PERFORMANCE MEASURESRESULTS 1 Stopped the vehicle and requested/checked identification. P F 2. Searched the inside of the vehicle. P F 3. Searched the exterior of the vehicle. P F 4. Searched the engine compartment. P F 5. Searched the trunk and cargo areas. P F 6. Searched the top of the vehicle and any luggage racks. P F 7. Paid close attention to areas under the seats, floor mats, and under or behind spare tires. P F 8. Took immediate action when a suspicious item is discovered. P F 9. Notified the Sergeant of the Guard and Military Police. P F
PERFORMANCE MEASURES (Continued) RESULTS 10. Detained all occupants until situation is cleared. P F 11. Conducted a systematic detailed search. P F FEEDBACK Score the search team GO if all searches and measures are performed correct. Score the search team NO-GO if any of the measures are performed incorrect. If the search team fails any measure, have them repeat all steps.
DECIDE WHEN TO USE FORCE
TASK To provide training on the levels of force IAW AR 190-14 and UR 525-13. This training is applicable to for soldiers assigned to perform AT/FP guard duties during increased threat conditions. CONDITIONS Soldiers performing guard /security related duties will avoid the use of force where they can carry out their duties without resorting to its use IAW AR 190-14. In such a case where the use of force is warranted, soldiers performing guard duties will use the minimum amount of force necessary to reach their objective. Only as a last resort will deadly force be used.
STANDARDS 1. Soldiers performing guard duties will be thoroughly familiar and knowledgeable with the different levels involving the use of force. 2. You must consider all levels of force available and use only the lowest level needed to control the situation as outlined in Performance Measure 1. 3. You use deadly force only as a last resort. 4. You must be able to justify your use of deadly force by one or more of the circumstances given in Performance Measures 2 and by meeting all of the restrictions listed in Performance Measure 3. Note: Your use of good interpersonal communications techniques should be used whenever possible when responding to a situation. When approaching a suspect, your use of interpersonal communications may convince him to submit quietly, or at least to vent his emotions verbally but follow your instructions.
TRAINING AND EVALUATION Training Information Outline U.S. National policy gives soldiers the authority and obligation to use all necessary means available and to take all appropriate action in self-defense of their unit and other U.S. forces in the vicinity. U.S. Forces may respond with reasonable and proportional force, up to deadly force, to a hostile act or the hostile intent of a terrorist unit, organization or individual. "Hostile act" is an attack or other use of force against U.S. forces. "Hostile intent" is the threat of imminent use of force against U.S. forces. The procedures for the use of force are contained in this program of instruction.
Performance Measure 1:Use force only when duties cannot be performed without it. If the suspect refuses to communicate, remains uncooperative or attacks, the AT/FP guard decides which level of force to use. Always begin with the lowest level of force that can be used to control the situation. Consider using: a. Verbal persuasion--a firm directive may be all you need. b. A show of force--the sight of back-up AT/FP guards can be very effective. c. Unarmed defense techniques, if properly trained in these techniques. d. Military Police or HN Police, if available. e. MP working dogs, if available. f. Quick Reaction Force, if available. g. Presentation of force–the sight that you are armed and ready to use force, if necessary, is an effective deterrent.
Performance Measure 2:Know that deadly forced is used only as a last resort when: a. In extreme need. b. When all other means have failed or cannot reasonably be used. c. Justified by one or more of the following circumstances: (1) In self defense. You, or other U.S. forces, are under attack and you have good reason to believe death or serious bodily harm is imminent. (2) To prevent theft, damage, or espionage of property or information that your commander has told you is vital or substantially important to national security, such as TOP SECRET or SECRET documents. NOTE: This ONLY applies if it is specifically stated in the Special Guard Orders. (3) To stop an act of theft or sabotage of property (such as operable weapons and ammunition) that could cause deadly harm to others in the hands of an unauthorized person. NOTE: This ONLY applies if it is specifically stated in the Special Guard Orders.
Performance Measure 2 (Continued):Know that deadly forced is used only as a last resort when: (4) To prevent serious offenses against a person. These offenses involve violence and threatened death or serious bodily hard, such as armed robbery, aggravated assault, rape, or destruction of property by arson or bombing. (5) To obey a lawful order.
Performance Measure 3:When using a firearm, observe the following precautions, if possible: a. Always use ONLY the minimum force needed to carry out duties. b. Order the person to halt before firing. English: Halt -- Do Not Enter! German: Halt -- Kein Eintritt/Eintritt Verboten! (Pronounced – HALT, KINE EYEntritt / EYEntritt fairBOATen) English: Halt or I will Fire German: Halt oder ich schiesse (Pronounced – HALT, odah ick Shee-seh) c. Warning shots are prohibited. d. Do not fire if it may endanger innocent bystanders; you are responsible for protecting the lives of innocent bystanders.