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Force Protection Operations. March OPD. React to Unexploded Ordinance Hazards. AWT 093-401-5040. Purpose. The purpose is to familiarize leaders with force protection tactics, techniques, and procedures which have been successful in Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom.

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force protection operations

Force Protection Operations

March OPD

React to Unexploded Ordinance Hazards

AWT 093-401-5040

purpose
Purpose

The purpose is to familiarize leaders with force protection tactics, techniques, and procedures which have been successful in Operations Enduring Freedom and Iraqi Freedom.

OPD MARCH 2004

agenda
Agenda
  • References
  • Force Protection Operations TTP
  • Summary and Review
  • Conclusion

OPD MARCH 2004

references
References

CALL 03-20 FM 4-01.011

FM 7-98 FM 3-21

FM 71-1 FM 3-19.4

OPD MARCH 2004

force protection operations1
Force Protection Operations
  • Security Operations
  • Checkpoint Operations
  • Explosive Hazards
  • Convoy Operations

React to Unexploded Ordinance Hazards

AWT 093-401-5040

OPD MARCH 2004

explosive hazards
Explosive Hazards
  • Unexploded Ordinance (UXO) and Improvised Explosive Devices (IED) that have failed to function as designed
  • UXO and IED that have failed to detonate by design (for example: area denial munitions, land mines, and booby traps)

OPD MARCH 2004

explosive hazards1
Explosive Hazards
  • Three steps to take in reacting to UXO/IED
    • Recognize the explosive hazard
    • React to the explosive hazard
    • Report the explosive hazard

OPD MARCH 2004

explosive hazards2
Explosive Hazards
  • Improvised Explosive Devices (IED)
    • Package type
    • Vehicle borne
    • Suicide bomber

OPD MARCH 2004

methods of activation
Methods of Activation
  • Command activation--by radio, electric leads, pull wire/mechanical strikers.
  • Action by the subject/target--trip wire, pressure device, light sensitive device, electric.
  • Time delay--clock, burning fuse, chemical delay, atmospheric pressure

OPD MARCH 2004

suicide vest
Suicide Vest

OPD MARCH 2004

ieds in oif oef
IEDs in OIF/OEF

OPD MARCH 2004

more ieds
More IEDs

Car Alarm

Car Alarm

D Cell Batteries

Blasting Cap

Explosive Charge(s)

D cell Batteries

Explosive Charge

Car Alarm

w/ Batteries

Firing Wire

Firing Wire

Electric Blasting

Cap

Car Alarm

D Cell Batteries

improvised explosive device ied tactics techniques procedures ttps
IMPROVISED EXPLOSIVE DEVICE (IED)TACTICS, TECHNIQUES & PROCEDURES (TTPs)

The Basic “No Frills” IED Attack

Direction

of Traffic

Mil/Civ Convoy

IED Placed on Shoulder

Median Strip

Median Strip

Median Strip

Typical Iraqi 4 lane highway

Variation: IED Placed in the Median Strip

improvised explosive device ied tactics techniques procedures ttps1
IMPROVISED EXPLOSIVE DEVICE (IED)TACTICS, TECHNIQUES & PROCEDURES (TTPs)

The “Broken Down Vehicle” IED Attack

Direction

of Traffic

Stopped fake “Broken Down” vehicle canalizes

military traffic into close proximity to IED

Median Strip

Median Strip

Median Strip

IED

improvised explosive device ied tactics techniques procedures ttps2
IMPROVISED EXPLOSIVE DEVICE (IED)TACTICS, TECHNIQUES & PROCEDURES (TTPs)

The “Fiendishly Clever” IED Attack

Lead vehicle sees fake IED and stops. The convoy stops behind it. Real IEDs on flanks of stopped convoy are then command detonated

Direction

of Traffic

Easily seen

Fake IED

The Real IEDs Daisy Chained Together

Visible Wires

Median Strip

Median Strip

Median Strip

ambush technique
Ambush Technique

OPD MARCH 2004

slide22

Chechnya IED

OPD MARCH 2004

chechnya ied
Chechnya IED

OPD MARCH 2004

chechnya ied1
Chechnya IED

OPD MARCH 2004

chechnya ied2
Chechnya IED

OPD MARCH 2004

chechnya ied3
Chechnya IED

OPD MARCH 2004

what can you do to mitigate threat
What Can You do to Mitigate Threat?
  • Keep Alert: Make yourself a “Hard Target”
  • Be Prepared for IED Attack Followed by Ambush
  • Be and Appear Vigilant
    • Personnel Who Look Ready to Fight Back Make Bad Targets
    • Bad Guys Wait for the Next Convoy

OPD MARCH 2004

what can you do to mitigate threat1
What Can You do to Mitigate Threat?
  • Maintain Convoy Speed when Possible
  • Maintain vehicle dispersion
  • Be Extra Cautious at choke points-Iraqi Vehicle Breakdowns-Bridges, one way roads, traffic jams, sharp turns, etc…
  • If Something Causes the Convoy to Stop, Watch Your Flanks for IEDs (Post Ops)

OPD MARCH 2004

what can you do to mitigate threat2
What Can You do to Mitigate Threat?
  • Vests and Helmets Save Lives…Wear Them!
  • Ballistic Glasses Save Eyesight
  • Wear Earplugs-Prevents damage to eardrums

OPD MARCH 2004

what can you do to mitigate threat3
What Can You do to Mitigate Threat?
  • Rehearse Actions on Contact for an IED
  • Get Out of the “Kill Zone” Fast
  • Do NOT Approach the IED
    • Soldier was Killed Doing this when the IED was Command Detonated as the Soldier “Inspected” It

OPD MARCH 2004

summary
Summary

The purpose has been to familiarize leaders with force protection tactics, techniques, and procedures which have been successful in Afghanistan and Iraq

OPD MARCH 2004

slide33
Look Hard, Be Hard

“This is about shifting the mindset of soldiers from identifying what they do as a soldier- - ‘I’m a cook, I’m an infantryman, I’m a postal clerk’ - - toward ‘I am a warrior’ when people ask what they do for a living.”

BG Benjamin Freakley

Commander

U.S. Army Infantry Center

conclusion
U.S. soldiers can use the lessons learned in Afghanistan and Iraq to successfully secure fixed sites, deter and prevent terrorist attacks, and save lives.Conclusion

OPD MARCH 2004

slide35

QUESTIONS?

OPD MARCH 2004