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Teddy Roosevelt. “The Wild President”. Roosevelt, a New President. William McKinley was assassinated Roosevelt was only McKinley’s VP for 1 year. Roosevelt, “The Wild President”. Only VP for a year, known as a wild man in the Republican party b/c independent Party boss Mark Hana said

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teddy roosevelt

Teddy Roosevelt

“The Wild President”

roosevelt a new president
Roosevelt, a New President
  • William McKinley was assassinated
  • Roosevelt was only McKinley’s VP for 1 year.
roosevelt the wild president
Roosevelt, “The Wild President”
  • Only VP for a year, known as a wild man in the Republican party b/c independent
  • Party boss Mark Hana said

“I told William McKinley that it was a mistake to nominate that wild man at Philadelphia. I asked him if he realized what would happen should he die. Now look, that damned cowboy is President of the United States!”

  • Not so much what he did that made him wild, but rather his style – lots of energy.
  • Did not openly rebel, made change through moderate measures
roosevelt s philosophy
Roosevelt’s Philosophy

Reform was less a vehicle for remaking American society, but rather for protecting it against more radical changes.

government and business reforms
Government and Business Reforms
  • Gov. should be the mediator of public good, president at center.
  • Liked economic concentration in big business, but knew too much consolidation produced dangerous abuses of power
  • TRANSPARENCY and investigations of corporations
    • Established the DEPT. of COMMERCE AND LABOR
  • NOT A TRUSTBUSTER AT HEART but made a FEW highly public efforts to break up combinations
    • Ex. 1902 Break up of the railroad monopoly Northern Securities Company
reform for workers
Reform for Workers
  • Non-committal attitude to be the impartial regulator of labor.
  • In the past federal intervention on labor disputes = Support for the employers
  • Fed. Intervention under Roosevelt = meant both employers AND labor’s position as well.
    • EXAMPLE: Coal Strike of 1902
1904 election
1904 Election
  • Reform not a TOP priority first term, did not want to antagonize republicans
  • Easy re-election
  • BOASTED that he gave everyone a SQUARE DEAL
  • WHAT DO YOU THINK the meaning of a SQUARE DEAL means?
the square deal
The Square Deal
  • INTERSTATE COMMERCE ACT of 1887 was ineffective and weakened by courts  Roosevelt asked Congress for INCREASED gov. power to oversee railroad rates.
  • HEPBURN RAILROAD REGULATION ACT of 1906 sought to restore some regulatory authority to the Gov. Reformers were not satisfied bc Roosevelt made some concessions to railroad tycoons.
  • PURE FOOD AND DRUG ACT – Weak in enforcement, restricted sale of dangerous or ineffective medicines. Created FDA.
  • Meat Inspection Act – ultimately helped eliminated diseases transmitted through impure meat.
  • Proposed MEASURES: 8 hour workday, broader compensation for victims of industrial accidents, inheritance & income taxes, regulation of the stock market.
roosevelt s conservationism
Roosevelt’s Conservationism
  • Almost a romantic regard for the wilderness
  • Attempted to seize land from Private Sector, predominately in the west so as to conserve the land for the public.
  • Created an Act to provide federal funds for construction of dams, reservoirs, and canals in the West – little impact after 20 years.