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Lord of the Flies

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Lord of the Flies

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  1. Lord of the Flies An introduction…

  2. Factsheet… • Author: William Golding • Title: Lord of the Flies • Where written: England • When published: 1954 • Literary period: post-war fiction • Genre: allegorical novel

  3. Extra Credit Fact (FYI)… • The phrase, “Lord of the Flies” is a translation of the Greek “Beelzebub,” a devil mentioned in the new Testament. In the Bible, Beelzebub sometimes seems to be Satan himself, and at other times seems to be Satan’s most powerful lieutenant.

  4. Characters • NOTE:Lord of the Flies is an allegory, a literary genre in which characters symbolize abstract ideas. The characters that will be listed in this presentation will be described and (if applicable) what they symbolize will be stated. The terms “biguns” and “littleuns” refer to the older and younger boys on the island. All of the main characters are “biguns.” Only a few “littleuns,” about age 10 and younger, appear as characters in the novel.

  5. RALPH – ~largest, most physically powerful boy on the island ~shows no signs of wanting to dominate others ~preoccupied with being rescued ~plans and follows rules ~prioritizes needs of group above his own ~hunts and kills, but suppresses his own savage feelings **Symbolizes: law, government, and civil society

  6. PIGGY – ~smartest boy on the island ~weakest of the “biguns” due to his weight and asthma ~believes passionately in civilization, law, and reasoning ~cravings for food interfere with his ability to work ~condescending to others, and is often singled out and ridiculed as a result **Symbolizes: science and rationality

  7. JACK – ~the head boy of his chorus back in civilization ~becomes leader of the hunters ~LOVES POWER ~uses laws as a way to punish others ~loves to hunt and kill ~gets angry when he doesn’t get his way **Symbolizes: the human love of dominance and power

  8. SIMON – ~dreamy, dark-haired boy ~prone to fainting spells and occasional fits ~most generous of the “biguns” ~most insightful ~recognizes “beast” within ~suggests the boys confront the “beast” **Symbolizes: mystics, prophets, and priests of all religions who confront and reveal the darkest aspects of human nature

  9. Roger ~quiet, brooding member of Jack’s chorus ~quiet at first, but then he reveals his nature ~Roger loves to cause pain to others *Symbolizes: the suppressed desire to hurt others, anger, violence

  10. The Lord of the Flies ~the pig head that Jack’s hunters stake into the ground and leave as an offering to the beast ~Simon recognizes the Lord of the Flies for what it symbolizes *Symbolizes: the evil in all men’s souls

  11. Samneric ~identical twins ~they so closely resemble each other that the other boys use just one name to refer to both of them ~not as influenced by fear of the beast or Jack

  12. THEMES AND IDEAS • Human Nature • Civilization • Savagery and the “Beast” • Spirituality and Religion • The Weak and the Strong

  13. SYMBOLS The Island ~symbolizes: The Garden of Eden in which the boys can create the perfect society from scratch

  14. The Lord of the Flies (The Beast) Symbolizes: the evil that lies within every person

  15. The Conch Shell Symbolizes: the rule of law and civilization

  16. Piggy’s glasses Symbolizes: science and technology. **allows the boys to create fire, the first necessity of civilization

  17. Fire Symbolizes: like the glasses, fire represents technology ~it is also a technology that threatens destruction if it gets out of control ~also symbolizes the boys’ connections to human civilization – signal fire gives hope of rescue

  18. Adults Symbolize: civilization and social order **However, the adult “civilization” outside of the island is as savage as the“civilization” on the island

  19. The Scar (A rip in the forest caused by the crash landing of the plane) Symbolizes: man, and his savage nature, destroys paradise merely by entering it

  20. The Ocean Symbolizes: the unconscious, the thoughts and desires buried deep within all humans