Lord of the Flies By William Golding
Big Question • Are people naturally good but sometimes do evil, or are people naturally evil but do good because of laws or threat of punishment? • Write a short response to this question and hang on to it so you can refer back to it at the end of the unit. • Preliminary Poll
Introduction Activity • Imagine you are shipwrecked on an island with about 30 other kids aged 10-16. What do you do? • Get in groups of 2-4 and come up with a detailed plan of survival following the prompts I gave you.
Chapter 1 Vocabulary • Efflorescence – A growth of salt crystals on a surface; a process of flowering • They saw the efflorescence on the coral shining up through the water.
Chapter 1 Vocabulary • Enmity – a feeling of being opposed or hostile to something • Ex: The enmity between Tom and Jerry is always evident.
Chapter 1 Vocabulary • Decorous – in keeping with good taste • The kids were told to be on their most decorous behavior.
Chapter 1 Vocabulary • Chorister – member of a choir • The chorister was always late to practice but had a good voice.
Chapter 1 Vocabulary • Bastion – fortified area of a castle, generally sticking out • The princess fled to the bastion, hoping to be safe there.
Chapter 1 Vocabulary • Hiatus – a break from an activity • The summer break was a short hiatus from the hectic schedule of the school year.
Author Quote • “It was simply what seemed sensible for me to write after the war when everyone was thanking God they weren’t Nazis. I’d seen enough to realize that every single one of us could be Nazis.” William Golding • What does this quote mean to you?
Things to Consider While Reading Chapter One • How do the boys set up their ‘civilization’? • What role does the setting play? • What problems do you foresee?
Chapter One Questions • How did the boys get on the island? What is the ‘scar’? • What is Piggy’s first act of defiance against his old life? • Why did Ralph get elected as the leader? • Who goes exploring the island? • Why doesn’t Jack kill the piglet?
Group Activity • In a small group, come up with 10-15 questions you have that are not answered in Chapter One • These don’t need to be discussion question – they can be as simple as “Is the pilot definitely dead?”
Chapter 2 Vocabulary • Ebullience – High spirits, exuberance • The children’s ebullience on Christmas morning was easy to see.
Chapter 2 Vocabulary • Recrimination – An accusation in response to one from someone else • Jenny’s recrimination that her friend Sally also tended to be bossy silenced Sally’s accusations.
Chapter 2 Vocabulary • Tumult – a loud, confused noise, especially one caused by a large group of people • The boy stood quietly, watching and listening to the tumult of the arguing crowd.
Chapter 2 Vocabulary • Tirade – a long angry speech of criticism. • The boss went off on a tirade about the lazy worker.
Chapter Two Questions • Who is the only person allowed to interrupt someone holding the conch? • Who is adamant that there is no “beastie”? • Why do the boys decide to build a fire? • How do they start the fire? • What happens to the fire?
Chapter 3 Vocabulary • Inscrutable – impossible to understand or interpret • The man’s expression was inscrutable, making everyone remain quiet around him.
Chapter 3 Vocabulary • Vicissitudes – changes of circumstance, usually unpleasant. • The vicissitudes of his life never depressed him very much.
Chapter 3 Vocabulary • Declivities – downward slopes • To reach the summit, she’d have to traverse the many declivities on the mountain.
Chapter 3 Vocabulary • Tacit – implied; understood without being stated • She felt she had her parents’ tacit approval to attend the party.
Chapter 3 Questions • What causes tension between Jack and Ralph? • What happens to the littluns, especially at night? • How is Simon different from the others?
Chapter 4 Vocabulary • Blatant – done openly and unashamedly • In basketball, kicking another player is a blatant act of breaking the rules.
Chapter 4 Vocabulary • Taboo – an act deemed by society to be improper • It is generally taboo to ask someone how much money they make.
Chapter 4 Vocabulary • Sinewy – stringy and tough • The meat was sinewy, difficult to bite into.
Chapter 4 Vocabulary • Malevolently – having ill will toward others • The child malevolently lied about the broken vase just to see his sibling get into trouble.
Ch. 1-4 Vocabulary Practice • The goalie in soccer is the last of defense. • The young wife went on a against her husband since he never cleaned up and made her do all the work. • Jacob Jarrett thinks that a bit of exists between himself and Mr. Kummerow. • There is a understanding that cheating on homework is not approved. • The of the rioters was enough to frighten any tourists looking for peace and quiet away.
Ch. 1-4 Vocabulary Practice • Ed kicked his brother in the shin. • The of life can be completely depressing if one doesn’t have a proactive attitude about them. • The goats were grazing on the of the mountainside. • Chewing with one’s mouth open is a in American society. • She resorted to when faced with the charges against her, saying others were just as guilty. • Being late is also a cultural.
Chapter 4 Questions • Why does Roger intentionally miss when he throws stones at others? • Where does Jack get the idea for war paint? • What colors does he use? • Why is the fire out? • What does Jack do to Piggy? Why?
Chapter 5 Vocabulary • Ludicrous – so foolish or unreasonable as to be amusing • The idea of traveling to the moon was considered ludicrous 100 years ago.
Chapter 5 Vocabulary • Ineffectual – not producing the desired effect • Hitler’s plan to conquer Russia was ineffectual.
Chapter 5 Vocabulary • Jeer –to make rude or mocking remarks • The cruel bullies used to jeer at the “geek” but soon came to accept him.
Chapter 5 Vocabulary • Inarticulate – unable to speak distinctly or clearly • The nervous student’s speech became inarticulate due to his fears.
Chapter 5 Questions • Why does Ralph call an assembly? What is discussed? • What does Simon suggest regarding the ‘beastie’? • What is Piggy afraid of?
Chapter 6 Vocabulary • Leviathan – a sea monster • The leviathan’s breathing created waves.
Chapter 6 Vocabulary • Clamor – a loud and confused noise, especially shouting • The clamor of the crowd made it impossible to hear.
Chapter 6 Vocabulary • Mutinously – of or relating to a mutiny (mutiny = resistance to authority) • The group mutinously disobeyed the leader’s commands.
Painted Faces and Long Hair • Why do people wear masks or put on makeup? • Do you ever mask things without having actual masks or makeup on? How?
Draw your own mask • Using colored pencils or crayons, create a mask that can illustrate some universal topic (good, evil, greed, patience, intelligence, etc.) • OR • Create a mask that you think would fit one of the Lord of the Flies characters other than Jack. • Be prepared to justify your reasoning behind your mask. • Be creative and colorful!
Chapter 6 Questions • What is the new presence on the island in this chapter? • Who discovers this new presence? • What does Ralph realize when he sets off exploring on his own?
Chapter 7 Vocabulary • Crestfallen – Sad and disappointed • When he didn’t get a pony for his birthday, Timmy was crestfallen.
Chapter 7 Vocabulary • Impervious – Not allowing entrance or passage • The rainforest is practically impervious.
Chapter 7 Vocabulary • Enterprise – a project or undertaking, often a difficult one • Susan thought building a new house was quite an enterprise.
Chapter 7 Questions • What do the boys chase in this chapter? • What do they do after failing to capture the pig? • What do Jack, Simon, & Ralph claim they saw? • What did they actually see?
Freud's Id, Ego, & Superego • Id – Biological instincts - includes basic drives to survive and the sex drive. • Babies are all Id. • Ego – Works with reason – tries to obtain pleasure and lessen pain. No concept of right or wrong. • Superego – incorporates values/morals of society. • Consists of the conscience and the ideal self
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs • 1. Biological – Air, food, drink, sleep, sex, shelter • 2. Safety – Order, Security, laws, stability • 3. Belonging – family, relationships, affection • 4. Esteem – Achievement, status • 5. Cognitive – Knowledge, meaning • 6. Aesthetic – Beauty, balance, form • 7. Self-actualization – Personal Growth • 8. Transcendence – Helping others self-actualize