LORD OF THE FLIES Let’s discuss!
First let’s quickly review.... • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-tXpA3dIEtI • Now let’s go over the homework, any questions about chapter 12?
What does LOTF have to do with the real world? • Pick a picture!
In 1963 Milgram wanted to test if normal people could be made to act against their own values. He did this by splitting people into two groups learners and teachers. (little did the participants know Milgram had already decided this the learners were actors.) The teachers were told every time the learner gave an incorrect answer they were to give them an electric shock. (They participants did not know the machine was fake.) The more answers that were incorrect the stronger the shock to be given was.
It was predicted that at most one in 1000 people would continue to shock to the highest level, most people thought participants would stop at a level that caused pain. • Despite the actor giving many incorrect answers, banging on the walls and yelling “get me out of here!” many continued. Let’s look at the results. BACK
Famous prison experiment • Participants randomly split into two • Groups. Prisoners or guards. • All Were male university students put into a mock jail. • Guards were given uniforms and Sunglasses to make them feel anonymous. • What happened? ThePsychologyBook, Dorling, Kindersley Limited, 2012.
What happened? • The experiment was called off after 6 days as it became too dangerous. • Guards become abusive. They took away food, and bedding. • They made prisoners participate in degrading games and clean toilets with their hands. • They were forced to wear hoods and chains. • Five prisoners had emotional breakdowns • ThePsychologyBook, Dorling, Kindersley Limited, 2012. BACK
Freud! • According to Freud there are three drives that fight it out to determine our behavior. • ID – The pleasure principle. Every wish must be granted straight away. • EGO – Reality principle. Negotiates between ID and superego. You can have what you want but you must get in acceptable ways • SUPEREGO – Guilt and shame, like parents and teachers voice.
Related to LOTF • Some people think that LOTF is symbolic of Freuds theory. • Do you agree? • Which characters could symbolise what? • Do you agree with Freud? BACK
Football and LOTF? • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_78D_ZFlqPI • Think about: • -Painted faces • -Group behavior • - Tribes and mobs BACK
Bullying • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W1g9RV9OKhg • Who are the bullies in LOTF? • Who gets bullied? • Why is it these people? • Why do people bully? • Can it ever be stopped? BACK
References • ThePsychologyBook, Dorling, Kindersley Limited, 2012.