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Chapter 11: East Asia. Learning Objectives. Examine regional variation in urban patterns and morphology within East Asia. Understand the ways in which philosophical beliefs both create coherence and diversity within the region.

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Learning objectives
Learning Objectives

  • Examine regional variation in urban patterns and morphology within East Asia.

  • Understand the ways in which philosophical beliefs both create coherence and diversity within the region.

  • Consider the rapid change in the economies of East Asia during the 20th and 21st Centuries.

Diversity Amid Globalization, 3rd edition: Rowntree, Lewis, Price & Wyckoff


Key concepts

Regulatory Lakes

Polluting Export

Desertification

Anthropogenic Landscapes

Central Place Theory

Urban Primacy

Superconurbation

Ideographic Writing

Confucianism

Mandarins

Geomancy

Particularism

Marxist

Burakumin

Autonomous Region

Samurai

“Spheres of Influence”

Shogunate

Special Economic Zones

Laissez-Faire

“Rust Belt”

Key Concepts

Diversity Amid Globalization, 3rd edition: Rowntree, Lewis, Price & Wyckoff


Setting the boundaries
Setting the Boundaries

  • Composed of China, Japan, South Korea, North Korea and Taiwan

  • Historically unified culture

  • Politically and ideologically divided

Diversity Amid Globalization, 3rd edition: Rowntree, Lewis, Price & Wyckoff


East Asia

Figure 11.1

Diversity Amid Globalization, 3rd edition: Rowntree, Lewis, Price & Wyckoff


Environmental Issues - Overview

Figure 11.2

Diversity Amid Globalization, 3rd edition: Rowntree, Lewis, Price & Wyckoff


Environmental issues cont d
Environmental Issues (cont’d)

Figure 11.3—Three Gorges

Figure 11.4—Flooding on North China Plain

Diversity Amid Globalization, 3rd edition: Rowntree, Lewis, Price & Wyckoff


Environmental issues cont d1
Environmental Issues (cont’d)

Figures 11.5 and 11.6

Diversity Amid Globalization, 3rd edition: Rowntree, Lewis, Price & Wyckoff


Physical

Setting

Figure 11.7

Diversity Amid Globalization, 3rd edition: Rowntree, Lewis, Price & Wyckoff


Japan s physical geography
Japan’s Physical Geography

Figure 11.9

Diversity Amid Globalization, 3rd edition: Rowntree, Lewis, Price & Wyckoff


China s physical geography
China’s Physical Geography

Figure 11.12

Diversity Amid Globalization, 3rd edition: Rowntree, Lewis, Price & Wyckoff


Korea s physical geography
Korea’s Physical Geography

Figure 11.14

Diversity Amid Globalization, 3rd edition: Rowntree, Lewis, Price & Wyckoff


Climate

Figure 11.8

Diversity Amid Globalization, 3rd edition: Rowntree, Lewis, Price & Wyckoff


Population and settlement
Populationand Settlement

Figure 11.16

Diversity Amid Globalization, 3rd edition: Rowntree, Lewis, Price & Wyckoff


Settlement landscapes
Settlement Landscapes

Anthropogenic

Landscapes

Figure 11.17 –

Chinese loess settlement

Figure 11.5 – Japanese

urban farm

Diversity Amid Globalization, 3rd edition: Rowntree, Lewis, Price & Wyckoff


Cities of east asia
Cities of East Asia

Central Place Theory - China

Figure 11.18

Figure 11.2.2

Diversity Amid Globalization, 3rd edition: Rowntree, Lewis, Price & Wyckoff


Urban form
Urban Form

Figure 11.19

Figure 11.2.1

Diversity Amid Globalization, 3rd edition: Rowntree, Lewis, Price & Wyckoff


Japanese urbanization
Japanese Urbanization

Superconurbations

Figure 11.20

Diversity Amid Globalization, 3rd edition: Rowntree, Lewis, Price & Wyckoff


Cultural coherence and diversity
Cultural Coherence and Diversity

Figure 11.21

  • Ancient Chinese civilization

  • Religious and Philosophical Beliefs

    • Buddhism

    • Confucianism

  • Writing System

    • Ideographic writing

Diversity Amid Globalization, 3rd edition: Rowntree, Lewis, Price & Wyckoff


Linguistic diversity
Linguistic Diversity

Figure 11.24

Diversity Amid Globalization, 3rd edition: Rowntree, Lewis, Price & Wyckoff


Religious diversity
Religious Diversity

Figure 11.22-Buddhist

Landscape

  • Mahayana Buddhism

  • Shinto

  • Taoism

    • Geomancy

  • Particularism in religion

  • Marxist influences

Figure 11.23-

Mt. Fuji

Diversity Amid Globalization, 3rd edition: Rowntree, Lewis, Price & Wyckoff


Geopolitical framework
Geopolitical Framework

Figure 11.28

Diversity Amid Globalization, 3rd edition: Rowntree, Lewis, Price & Wyckoff


China s historical evolution
China’s Historical Evolution

Figure 11.29

Diversity Amid Globalization, 3rd edition: Rowntree, Lewis, Price & Wyckoff


European spheres of influence
European “Spheres of Influence”

Figure 11.31

Diversity Amid Globalization, 3rd edition: Rowntree, Lewis, Price & Wyckoff


Post wwii geopolitics
Post WWII Geopolitics

Figure 11.32 – Korean DMZ

Figure 11.33—Tibet

Diversity Amid Globalization, 3rd edition: Rowntree, Lewis, Price & Wyckoff


Economic development
Economic Development

Figure 11.35

Diversity Amid Globalization, 3rd edition: Rowntree, Lewis, Price & Wyckoff


Economic development japan
Economic Development—Japan

Figure 11.36

  • Boom and Bust Economy

  • Intertwined corporate economies

  • Tight connection between employers and employees

  • High cost of living

Diversity Amid Globalization, 3rd edition: Rowntree, Lewis, Price & Wyckoff


Industrial reform in china
Industrial Reform in China

Special Economic Zones (SEZs)

Figure 11.38

Diversity Amid Globalization, 3rd edition: Rowntree, Lewis, Price & Wyckoff


Social and regional differentiation china
Social and Regional Differentiation—China

Figure 11.39

Diversity Amid Globalization, 3rd edition: Rowntree, Lewis, Price & Wyckoff


Social development
Social Development

Diversity Amid Globalization, 3rd edition: Rowntree, Lewis, Price & Wyckoff


Chinese population policy
Chinese Population Policy

  • Decline in Fertility Rates

  • Slow RNI

  • Gender imbalances in births

    • Males favored over females

Aging

Population

Figure 11.40

Diversity Amid Globalization, 3rd edition: Rowntree, Lewis, Price & Wyckoff


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