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The Rise of Greek City-States. Chapter 4 Section 2. World History Bellwork – pick up a sheet of construction paper on your way to your seat! – to be used later…. polis Acropolis monarchy aristocracy Oligarchy Phalanx democracy Tyrant .

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World History Bellwork –pick up a sheet of construction paper on your way to your seat! – to be used later…
  • polis
  • Acropolis
  • monarchy
  • aristocracy
  • Oligarchy
  • Phalanx
  • democracy
  • Tyrant
  • Create a vocabulary foldableusing the terms you see on the left.
  • Be sure you follow proper format.
  • Be sure you include chapterand sectionon your foldable.
  • Remember thatimages are always encouraged!!!
objectives for learning
Objectives for Learning
  • 4.2.1 - Understand how geography influenced the Greek city-states. (done – last week’s map activity)
  • 4.2.2 - Define the three types of government that developed in the Greek city-states. (bellwork)
  • 4.2.3 - Explain how Sparta and Athens differed. (today)
  • 4.2.4 - Identify the culture and values shared by Greeks. (Wednesday)
today s activity spartan athenian foldable
Today’s Activity – Spartan/Athenian Foldable
  • Objectives –
    • 4.2.3 - Explain how Sparta and Athens differed.
  • Procedure:
    • To meet our day’s objectives we will create a foldable that details both Spartan and Athenian Civilizations.
    • Create a 2 flap foldable and label with Sparta on the left (they came first!) and Athens on the right (they came second).
    • Inside, record the important details you find about each culture using pages 120 - 123.
    • Remember to use your own words - not the book’s!!!
    • We will do the first couple of details together and review the rest of your answers when you are done)
    • Bullet points would be very effective and images are always encouraged!!!
    • I will be distributing CPS clickers for our closing assessment while you are working on your foldables.
closure assessment
  • I will project 11 questions (19 – 30) concerning the Spartans and Athenians and types of early Greek governments(4.2.2 & 4.2.3) on the board.
  • Enter your answers using your CPS clickers only.
  • Let’s see how we did today - Can you beat the other class?
geography shapes greece
Geography Shapes Greece
  • Mountains divide the peninsula into isolated valleys; islands lie beyond the rugged coast.
  • Early Greeks formed small independent city-states isolated from surrounding areas by mountains or water
life by the sea
Life by the Sea
  • Seas link the Greeks to the outside world
  • Greeks become skilled sailors and trade grows
    • Traded olive oil, wine, and marble
    • Brought back: ideas
  • Rapid population growth, limited farmland lead to Greek colonies around the Mediterranean
the polis
The Polis
  • Polis made up of major city or town and surrounding countryside; built on two levels
  • At top of hill stands the acropolis, or “high city”
  • Main city develops on flatter ground with marketplace, public buildings, and homes
  • Male landowners hold all the power
government of the polis
Government of the Polis
  • First government is a monarchy; the rulers are kings
  • Power shifts to an aristocracy
  • Expansion of trade leads to rule by an oligarchy
new warfare methods
New Warfare Methods
  • Changes in military technology lead to the expansion of the middle class
  • Iron weapons replace bronze
  • The phalanx emerged
    • a massive tactical formation of heavily armed foot soldiers
    • creates a strong sense of unity
  • Athens and Sparta develop different ways of life
unifying forces
Unifying Forces
  • All Greeks were polytheistic
  • Greeks viewed those who were not Greek as barbaroi (barbarians) and felt that any Greek was superior to an outsider
  • City-state was surrounded by land farmed by helots or slaves
  • Used military might to control helots
  • Had two kings and an assembly to rule the city state
  • 5 ephors ran the day to day government
  • Boys started to train at seven, they could marry at twenty, but lived in the barracks until they were thirty, and ate there till he was sixty
  • Girls were trained too but only to produce healthy children
  • They were isolated from other Greeks
  • Government started as a monarchy, moved to aristocracy, and eventually
  • Important Athenians:
    • Solon – reformed economy & government
    • Pisistratus – helped the poor
    • Cleisthenes – formed legislature
  • Formed a limited democracy – only male citizens could vote
  • Women only really participate in religious ceremonies and not public life
  • Athenians focused on arts, education, and exploring new ideas