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Greek City-States. Do Now: 9/18 . Describe your community. How does your community provide for the needs of their citizens?. POLIS. *Independent City-State *Intense loyalty of citizens *Develop autonomous traditions -Own form of government -Artistic styles -Founding myths

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do now 9 18
Do Now: 9/18

Describe your community. How does your community provide for the needs of their citizens?

polis
POLIS

*Independent City-State

*Intense loyalty of citizens

*Develop autonomous traditions

-Own form of government

-Artistic styles

-Founding myths

Acropolis– fortified high ground

Agora– marketplace, built below the Acropolis where people could assemble.

ACROPOLIS

polis1

“We must regard every citizen as belonging to the state”- Aristotle

POLIS

-A community of people that shared a common identity and common goals.

-Citizens had rights, but also had responsibilities.

-Loyalty to city-state had a negative side.

- city-states distrusted one another

- divided Greece

-Eventually led to its decline

military
Military
  • Hoplite-heavily armed foot soldier
    • Round shield
    • Short sword
    • Thrusting spear (9ft.)
  • Phalanx: rectangular formation, soldiers created a wall of shields to protect each other.
the acropolis
The ACROPOLIS

For purposes of defense, Athenians naturally chose elevated ground to build.

The Acropolis was used for not only defensive purposes such as a look out, but also for religious purposes.

greek expansion
Greek Expansion
  • Between 750-550 BC, Greeks leave their homelands to settle in new territories.
          • Desire for good farmland
          • Overpopulation
          • Growth of trade
  • Each new Greek colony became a new polis
greek colonies
Greek Colonies
  • Colonies established along coastlines (Med. Sea)
    • Southern Italy
    • Southern France
    • Eastern Spain
    • Northern Africa
  • Black Sea
    • City of Byzantium-became Constantinople-current day Istanbul, Turkey
  • Colonization = increased trade + industry + influence
    • Greeks spread culture and political ideas throughout the Mediterranean and got economic advantages
tyranny
Tyranny
  • Expansion of trade and industry created new group of wealthy individuals in city-states
    • Wanted political power but could not gain it in current city states because of the rulers already in place
  • Seized power by force from the wealthy aristocrats.
    • Help the poor
    • Built new marketplaces, temples and walls
  • Fell out of favor by 6th century B.C.E
    • Greeks believed in rule by law, which tyranny went against
  • Rule of tyrants ended rule of aristocrats in city-states
    • End of tyranny allowed many new people to participate in gov’t, developed new types of govt.
      • Democracy: government by the people
  • Some city-states remained an oligarchy: rule by the few
exit ticket
Exit Ticket

Explain the difference between an Acropolisand Polis.