The Greek City-States - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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the greek city states l.
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The Greek City-States

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  1. The Greek City-States Ch. 5 Section 1

  2. Geography • Surrounded by seas • Small mountain ranges kept villages separated

  3. Early Greeks • Minoans • Arrived on the island of Crete in 2000 B.C. • Built a great civilization • Volcano erupts and causes tidal waves • Destroys settlements and weakens Minoan civilization

  4. Early Greeks • Mycenaeans conquered Crete in 1400 B.C. • Warlike people • Also settled southern Greece • Earthquakes and warfare destroyed many cities by 1200 B.C.

  5. Greek City-States • Polis (city) • City surrounding a fort • Absolutely independent and self-sufficient

  6. Greek City-States • Based on 3 ideas: • Geographical territory • Community it represented • Economic independence it produced

  7. Greek City-States • Similarities • Covered small areas of land • Athens (smaller than Rhode Island) • Sparta (smaller than Connecticut) • Large compared to others • Small populations (most fewer than 10,000)

  8. Greek City-States • More similarities • Original forts created on an acropolis (hill) • Each city-state had an agora (marketplace) • Served as a meeting place for the people

  9. Greek City-States • Shared a common language and religious ideas • Regarded all non-Greeks as barbarians

  10. Greek City-States • All had independent identities • Took great pride and loyalty in their polis • Each had its own government and laws