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The Greek City-States. Ch. 5 Section 1. Geography. Surrounded by seas Small mountain ranges kept villages separated. Early Greeks. Minoans Arrived on the island of Crete in 2000 B.C. Built a great civilization Volcano erupts and causes tidal waves

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the greek city states

The Greek City-States

Ch. 5 Section 1

geography
Geography
  • Surrounded by seas
  • Small mountain ranges kept villages separated
early greeks
Early Greeks
  • Minoans
    • Arrived on the island of Crete in 2000 B.C.
    • Built a great civilization
    • Volcano erupts and causes tidal waves
      • Destroys settlements and weakens Minoan civilization
early greeks4
Early Greeks
  • Mycenaeans conquered Crete in 1400 B.C.
    • Warlike people
    • Also settled southern Greece
    • Earthquakes and warfare destroyed many cities by 1200 B.C.
greek city states
Greek City-States
  • Polis (city)
    • City surrounding a fort
  • Absolutely independent and self-sufficient
greek city states6
Greek City-States
  • Based on 3 ideas:
    • Geographical territory
    • Community it represented
    • Economic independence it produced
greek city states7
Greek City-States
  • Similarities
    • Covered small areas of land
      • Athens (smaller than Rhode Island)
      • Sparta (smaller than Connecticut)
      • Large compared to others
    • Small populations (most fewer than 10,000)
greek city states8
Greek City-States
  • More similarities
    • Original forts created on an acropolis (hill)
    • Each city-state had an agora (marketplace)
      • Served as a meeting place for the people
greek city states9
Greek City-States
  • Shared a common language and religious ideas
  • Regarded all non-Greeks as barbarians
greek city states10
Greek City-States
  • All had independent identities
  • Took great pride and loyalty in their polis
  • Each had its own government and laws