What were the causes and effects of African migration? DO NOW: What do you know about Africa? HW: How might life in the United States today be affected if well watered areas began to turn into dessert? Due Wednesday April 1st
Vocabulary • Desertification: process by which fertile or semi-dessert land becomes dessert • Savanna: a grassy plain in tropical and subtropical regions, with few trees • Bantu Migrations: series of migrations of the Bantu people from the Congo area to present day Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania.
Climate Zones • Sahara Desert, largest desert in the world • Although huge in size, and rough terrain, it was still considered as a huge trade route. • These regions contained salt, gold, iron, copper, oil and diamonds which spurred trade.
Movement between lands • Besides barriers like rainforests, and desserts, migrators also had to deal with enormous coastlines. • The Red Sea, and Indian Ocean were very important as it lead to trade routes with the Middle East and other Asian lands.
Bantu Migration • Scholars have traced African farmers trading from 1000 B.C to 1000 A.D. • These people spoke a variety of languages, that come from one root language… Bantu. • In many regions, this type of trading built empires. • Archaeologists believe that the migration was caused by the development of agriculture, and ceramics of iron.
Kingdom of Nubia • Nubia, also called Kush, is in present day Sudan. • Nubia was taken over by various African Pharaohs. • Nubian rulers moved capital to Meroe. • Meroe commanded Nile trade routes containing goods such as gold, ivory, animal skins, perfumes, and slaves to the Middle East and the Mediterranean. • Highly important in Iron Ore.
Independent Activity • Act like you are on a journey, and you have a journal that you keep updated daily, what would you write about your expedition??? BE CREATIVE!!! • 1 to 1 and a half pages long
Exit Slip • Would you like to live in Africa at this time in history? Why?/Why not?