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African Empires Civilizations in Africa have a major impact on what we do TODAY
?????? What is the connection between what happened in ancient African times to the way we live in America TODAY?
FOLLOW ALONG….. • African nations were “civilized” for thousands of years before European arrival and invasion. • The invading Greeks and Romans developed their own similar “civilizations”, which later influenced the founders of America.
Watch youtube video real quick “African Influence on Early Europe”
BEING “CIVLIZED” IS……. • Having a highly developed society and culture • Showing evidence of moral and intellectual advancement; being humane, ethical and reasonable
EGYPT • Original name is Kemet • The first African civilization. • One of the oldest civilizations in world history
EGYPT • Lasted for 1500 years because of its great location. • The Sahara Desert protected it from foreign enemies
EGYPT • Ruled by pharaohs (kings) for long periods of time • Patriarchal society (ruled by men, related through the father’s side)
AKHENATEN • Popular pharaoh who pushed the Egyptians into the belief in monotheism( one God) instead of polytheism (many gods)
NEFERTITI • Known for her beauty and femininity even up to this day. • Ruled along side with her husband Akhenatenand had some duties.
TUTANKHAMUN • Commonly known as King “Tut”. • Died early (age 19) • Offspring of an incestuous relationship (father and sister/mother)
CLEOPATRA • The last pharoah of Ancient Egypt • Married her brothers in order to become a pharoah. (customary) • Later married Julius Ceasar and had a son named Caesorion which means “Little Ceasar”
ARCHITECTURE • Egypt is popular for its buildings and statues that you will see in American structures today.
PYRAMIDS • Pyramids are actually tombs where the bodies of pharaohs are mummified and stored
Pyramids are one of the world’s mysteries because scientists and historians wonder how the Egyptians were able to build them.
PYRAMIDS THERE ARE AMERICAN STRUCTURES THAT HAVE BEEN BUILT IN HONOR OF THE GREAT PYRAMIDS OF EGYPT.
SPHINX • The sphinx in Egypt is a symbol of a great pharaohs during the Egyptian civilization.
SPHINX IT IS THE OLDEST AND LARGEST STONE STATUE IN THE WORLD.
SPHINX IT HAS THE BODY OF A LION BUT THE HEAD OF A MAN.
SPHINX • The sphinx had a nose that resembled the pharaohs, and is rumored to have been destroyed by European invaders.
SPHYNX It sits in front of the great pyramids of Giza in Egypt to this very day.
ANKH • The ankh is an Egyptian symbol that means “key of life”. • Egyptian gods are often portrayed carrying them
ANKH • The ankh is seen in our culture today in jewelry and in body art…on all races of people.
One of the firstwriting systems in the world. Use of symbols and pictures to represent objects and ideas HEIROGLYPHICS
HIEROGLYPHICS • Very complex and hard to understand for hundreds of years. • Found on the walls of the pyramids
OBELISKS • Obelisks are ancient Egyptians structures that symbolized the sun god. • They were copied by the ancient Romans and rebuilt in Europe.
OBELISKS • There is an obelisk in our nation’s capitol, Washington, D.C. has a replica of one of the ancient Egyptian obelisks.
RACE of Egyptians • To this day, many have STRONG feelings over the race of the Ancient Egyptians. • It’s safe to say that they were a mixture of races, but nonetheless AFRICAN.