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WXGE 6310 Virtual Reality Environment
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  1. WXGE 6310Virtual Reality Environment Nornazlita Hussin nazlita@fsktm.um.edu.my http://www.fsktm.um.edu.my/~nazlita/index.html Room D7 nazlita@fsktm.um.edu.my

  2. Course Assessment • 50 % Exam • 25 % Mid term • 25 % Final • 50 % Coursework • 20 % Case Study • 30 % Project - VRML nazlita@fsktm.um.edu.my

  3. Course References • The Science of Virtual Reality and Virtual Environments, Roy S. Kalawsky, Addison-Wesley 1993 • Virtual Reality Systems, John Vince, Addison-Wesley 1995 • The VRML 2.0 Handbook, Building Moving Worlds on the Web, Jed Hartman, Addison-Wesley1996 • The Internet nazlita@fsktm.um.edu.my

  4. http://www.cms.dmu.ac.uk/~cph/vrstuff.html • http://dir.yahoo.com/Computers_and_Internet/Multimedia/Virtual_Reality • http://www.isx.com/~jisdale/WhatIsVR.html nazlita@fsktm.um.edu.my

  5. Course Content • Introduction • Human factors • VR Hardware • VR Software • 3D Computer Graphics • Future & others nazlita@fsktm.um.edu.my

  6. Terminology • 'Virtual Reality' (VR) was initially coined by Jaron Lanier, (1989). • Other related terms: • 'Artificial Reality' (Myron Krueger, 1970s), • 'Cyberspace' (William Gibson, 1984), • 'Virtual Worlds’ and 'Virtual Environments' (1990s). • Today, 'Virtual Reality' is used in a variety of ways and often in a confusing and misleading manner. nazlita@fsktm.um.edu.my

  7. Originally, the term referred to 'Immersive Virtual Reality.' • In immersive VR, the user becomes fully immersed in an artificial, three-dimensional world that is completely generated by a computer. nazlita@fsktm.um.edu.my

  8. Types of Virtual Reality • Immersive VR systems • allow the participant to view real object • ‘Titanic’ film - HMD • Non-immersive VR systems • Workstation-based VR system • Use space mouse (6 degrees of freedom) nazlita@fsktm.um.edu.my

  9. Characteristics of Immersive VR • Head-referenced viewing provides a natural interface for the navigation in three-dimensional space and allows for look-around, walk-around, and fly-through capabilities in virtual environments. • Stereoscopic viewing enhances the perception of depth and the sense of space. • The virtual world is presented in full scale and relates properly to the human size. nazlita@fsktm.um.edu.my

  10. Characteristics of Immersive VR (cont.) • Realistic interactions with virtual objects via data glove and similar devices allow for manipulation, operation, and control of virtual worlds. • The convincing illusion of being fully immersed in an artificial world can be enhanced by auditory, haptic, and other non-visual technologies. • Networked applications allow for shared virtual environments nazlita@fsktm.um.edu.my

  11. All users see the same virtual environment from their respective points of view. • Each user is presented as a virtual human (avatar) to the other participants. • The users can see each other, communicated with each other, and interact with the virtual world as a team. nazlita@fsktm.um.edu.my

  12. Non-immersive VR • Today, the term 'Virtual Reality' is also used for applications that are not fully immersive. The boundaries are becoming blurred, • but all variations of VR : includes mouse-controlled navigation through a three-dimensional environment on a graphics monitor, stereo viewing from the monitor via stereo glasses, stereo projection systems, and others. • Apple's QuickTime VR, for example, uses photographs for the modeling of three-dimensional worlds and provides pseudo look-around and walk-trough capabilities on a graphics monitor. nazlita@fsktm.um.edu.my

  13. System architecture (the components) • Virtual environment generator - high performance computer that contains a database of virtual worlds • Auditory synthesis - must be synchronous with visual system • 3-D audio localization -to spatialize the signals in a 360 o sphere • Speech recognizer- used for low mental workload situation where lenghty data input is required nazlita@fsktm.um.edu.my

  14. Display electronics - keep weight of head-mounted display as low as possible • Head/eye/hand tracking electronics -to sense where the operator is looking • Haptic/kinaesthetic system - physical feedback • Head-mounted display - the means to see the virtual environment nazlita@fsktm.um.edu.my

  15. VRML • Most exciting is the ongoing development of VRML (Virtual Reality Modeling Language) on the World Wide Web. • In addition to HTML (HyperText Markup Language), that has become a standard authoring tool for the creation of home pages. • VRML provides three-dimensional worlds with integrated hyperlinks on the Web. Home pages become home spaces. • The viewing of CosmoPlayer plug-in for Netscape or Explorer Web browsers. (free download) nazlita@fsktm.um.edu.my

  16. VRML models via a VRML : not fully immersive • plug-in for Web browsers is usually done on a graphics monitor under mouse-control and, • the syntax and data structure of VRML provide an excellent tool for the modeling of three-dimensional worlds that are functional and interactive and that can, ultimately, be transferred into fully immersive viewing systems. • To view and interact with the following VRML : nazlita@fsktm.um.edu.my

  17. Rendering of Escher's Penrose Staircase (modeled by Diganta Saha): The staircase seen from a different view point nazlita@fsktm.um.edu.my

  18. VR-related Technologies • Other VR-related technologies combine virtual and real environments. • Motion trackers are employed to monitor the movements of dancers or athletes for subsequent studies in immersive VR. • The technologies of 'Augmented Reality' allow for the viewing of real environments with superimposed virtual objects. • Telepresence systems (e.g., telemedicine, telerobotics) - immerse a viewer in a real world that is captured by video cameras at a distant location and allow for the remote manipulation of real objects via robot arms and manipulators. nazlita@fsktm.um.edu.my

  19. Applications • VR will reshape the interface between people and information technology by offering new ways for the communication of information, the visualization of processes, and the creative expression of ideas. • Note that a virtual environment can represent any three-dimensional world that is either real or abstract. nazlita@fsktm.um.edu.my

  20. Examples • real systems like : buildings, landscapes, underwater shipwrecks, spacecrafts, archaeological excavation sites, human anatomy, sculptures, crime scene reconstructions, solar systems, and so on. • abstract systems: like magnetic fields, turbulent flow structures, molecular models, mathematical systems, auditorium acoustics, stock market behavior, population densities, information flows, and any other conceivable system including artistic and creative work of abstract nature. • These virtual worlds can be animated, interactive, shared, and can expose behavior and functionality. nazlita@fsktm.um.edu.my

  21. Real and abstract virtual worlds (Michigan Stadium, Flow Structure): Michigan Stadium Flow Structure nazlita@fsktm.um.edu.my

  22. Other useful application • Useful applications of VR include training in a variety of areas (military, medical, equipment operation, etc.), education, design evaluation (virtual prototyping), architectural walk-through, human factors and ergonomic studies, simulation of assembly • sequences and maintenance tasks, assistance for the handicapped, study and treatment of phobias (e.g., fear of height), entertainment, and much more nazlita@fsktm.um.edu.my