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Chapter 21. Cognitive Development in Middle Adulthood. Michael Hoerger. Compensation. “Selective optimization with compensation” or making up for physical/cognitive losses by drawing on skills that are still in tact Examples: Restaurant employees Typists Athletes. Expertise.

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chapter 21

Chapter 21

Cognitive Development in

Middle Adulthood

Michael Hoerger

compensation
Compensation
  • “Selective optimization with compensation”

or making up for physical/cognitive losses by drawing on skills that are still in tact

  • Examples:
    • Restaurant employees
    • Typists
    • Athletes
expertise
Expertise
  • Expert: person with considerable knowledge and skill in a specific domain
  • 6 components:
    • Intuitive
    • Automatic
    • Strategic
    • Flexible
    • Organized
    • Knowledgeable
stress and coping
Stress and Coping
  • Chronic stress leads to hyperarousal of the sympathetic nervous system and elevated cortisol levels
  • Cortisol: increased blood pressure and heart rate, increased blood sugar, infertility in women, weakened immune system, depression, premature death
  • Coping is key for a long life
slide5
Michael Hoerger

To cite this textbook:

  • Berger, K. (2005). The developing person through the lifespan. New York: Worth.

To cite this lecture:

  • Hoerger, M. (2007, April 9). Developmental Psychology: Middle Adulthood Cognitive Development. Presented at a PSY 220 lecture at Central Michigan University.