Making Horses Thirsty: Increasing Motivation to Learn Clayton Austin, Ph.D. firstname.lastname@example.org (o) 904.358.6623 (m) 904.465.3966
A man maie well bring a horse to the water, But he can not make him drinke without he will. A dialogue conteinyng the nomber in effect of all the prouerbes in the Englishe tongue, John Heywood, 1546
ANIMAL DOG BREED PERSONALITY
Uh-oh Bubba, looks like this one is about a quart low on motivation… better just close the hood…. Maybe we should check the IQ level?
Quantity Do you have a lot or a little? Quality Is it long-lasting, persistent, steady, resilient, adaptive?
Think back to your initial college experience. What was the quality of your motivation? Was it long-lasting, persistent, steady, resilient, adaptive?
Wasted Youth: College Freshmen Tell ALLhttp://www.momlogic.com/2008/12/wasted_youth_freshmen_tell_all_1.php 25% of freshmen have missed classes/assignments because they've partied too much 10% admit their grades are suffering because of partying 75% of freshmen feel that there ARE negative ramifications to partying 26% of freshmen feel they have to party to fit in40% of freshmen say their parents DON'T know how much they party 56% of freshmen say they know someone who has ended up in the hospital because of partying
4 letter words : Cela, Ecke, Mono, raet, Sete. 5 letter words : Akten, Alter, altig, Dakar, genau, Guete, Larve, Lasso, Liste, Manie, Opfer, Pfote, Tonic, Waadt 6 letter words : Ataman, Einehe, eirund, Figaro, Flocke, Glarus, Ikarus, Indigo, morsch, online, Rebell, single, Weiler Who is motivated to do a crossword puzzle? Who is motivated to do a crossword puzzle in German? 7 letter words : Abdruck, Ausfuhr, Ausland, Etagere, gerecht, illegal, Laertes, Legende, Notfall, Pelikan, virtuos 8 letter words : Ebenholz, Grimasse, Oelfarbe 9 letter words : Allegorie, Epaulette, Erzaehler, Nitschewo 10 letter words : Extrawurst, Weingarten Who is motivated to do a logic puzzle?
Motivation is not inside a person Motivation is between a person and a task
Student Task Autonomy Relationship Competence Motivation
1: the quality or state of being self-governing ; especially: the right of self-government 2: self-directing freedom and especially moral independence 3: a self-governing state Autonomy
Good News! Bad News As a teacher, you have a significant effect on the quality of motivation your students adopt! As a teacher, you have a significant effect on the quality of motivation your students adopt!
PROFESSOR PAIN His weapons The Yardstick: a katana that resembles a yardstick. Pencils: throwing spikes Apples: red tear-gas grenades Chalk Dust: used to create obscuring clouds and blind opponents. Erasers: apparently normal chalkboard erasers that conceal high-explosives. http://www.atomicthinktank.com/viewtopic.php?p=298132
How do I support autonomy? Let students handle materials Ask about students’ wants Respond to questions Foster task relevance Express students’ emotional perspectives Don’t give answers Provide rationale for activities Promote task value Give positive and negative feedback Personalize Contextualize Provide choice Give less “should” statements
How do I support autonomy? Grade TALK
How to Grade Papers 1. Stack papers 2. Knock stack over 3. Grade as follows: Face up: C Face down: F On side: A
Choose Your Final Grade Exercise1 110 Top Teaching Tips Dean Mancina, Golden West Collegehttp://www.academic.cengage.com/tlconnect/client/discipline/archiveSeminar.do?id=18
Rubrics! Use free Rubistar website to make quick and easy rubrics Better yet, have your students make them for their own projects/papers Quick change templates or build from scratch Download in MS Excel, Internet Explorer or Blackboard
Recycle! Student completes paper, project, or test i.e. Initial 60% can become final 80%, initial 90% can become 95% Student addresses comments and can earn up to half of missed points Student receives grade with detailed comments for improvement
Write a 500 word article for a student paper. Interview a successful college graduate. Tell their story connecting it to at least three key course concepts. Incorporate a photo, and at least one song lyric or line of poetry. Allow students to focus on course topics of particular interest More authentic or “real world” Encourage higher order thinking, instead of just memorizing
Avoid spending time on “special circumstances” Avoid late work Show appreciation for complexity of student lives and learning
Whose class will adopt better motivation? Professor S. Marty Pants or Professor F. Fort
“In each of these puzzles, a list of words is given. To solve the puzzle, think of a single word that goes with each to form a compound word (or word pair that functions as a compound word). For example, if the given words are volley, field, and bearing, then the answer would be ball, because the word ball can be added to each of the other words to form volleyball, ballfield, and ball bearing. Do you understand?” Professor S. Marty Pants
Ok, type an answer in the chatbox. Here comes the first one…. The words are… back short watch What word can be added to all of these to form a compound word? Professor S. Marty Pants
That ‘s right… stop! The compound words are… backstop shortstop stopwatch You all did great! This is an intelligent class. I know you all are very smart and very bright. You can really solve these! Professor S. Marty Pants
“We are going to do more compound word puzzles. Are you ready? Professor F. Fort
Ok, type the answer in the chatbox. Here comes the first one…. The words are… stool powder ball What word can be added to all of these to form a compound word? Professor F. Fort
That ‘s right… foot! The compound words are… footstool foot powder football You all did great. You showed great effort. I noticed you were sounding out possibilities and sharing ideas with your neighbors. You can really solve these! Professor F. Fort
Praises intelligence, ability, “smarts” Praises effort, strategy, persistence Positive Enthusiastic Communicative Prof. Pants Prof. Fort
Attempt easy tasks Quit during struggle Attempt hard tasks Give more effort during struggle After success, students continue to work Prof. Pants Prof. Fort Carol Dweck (1999) “Caution- Praise Can Be Dangerous”
So, I have to graduate. My dad has a job for me in the family business, but he won’t hire me until I graduate, and I need the cash for my brand new car! So I have got to pass these tests, I mean really I want an “A”. I mean I am an A student, you tell me what I need to do and I’ll do it.. But these professors just go on and on, I mean, just tell me what is on the test! I’m busy, you know? On that paper, I copied some of it, but most of it I sat down and wrote, but some things came up at the last minute. But if I know what is on the test, I can cram it, get an A, and get on with life. I mean school is ok, but who is going to need all of this stuff anyway? This is Charlie …to get the grade, baby! ….to get parent/teacher approval …to feel pride in GPA ….to avoid feelings of failure
…to be educated and cultured ….to provide for yourself and loved ones …for the sheer joy, pleasure and interest of learning So, I have to graduate. My dad has a job for me in the family business, but he won’t hire me until I graduate, and I am ready to stop living off scholarships and loans, and start taking care of myself. So I have got to pass these tests. I mean I would really want an A, who wouldn’t? But I want to understand what I am learning, not just cram for a test and forget it in a week. My study group really helps, we talk through these ideas, quiz each other and stuff. You know, I feel like I want to learn it even more so I can help them if they get stuck on something. Some of this stuff I won’t ever need, but who knows? A lot of it is interesting anyway, even if I never use it. Besides, a lot of my friends couldn’t even get here, and I feel very lucky to get a college education. Thisis Ken
More autonomous, academically adjusted 1st year college student More controlled academically maladjusted 1st year college student Timmermans, Vansteenkiste, and Lens (2004)
Instructors who frame no goals for students Instructors who frame intrinsic goals for students • Instructors who frame extrinsic goals for students Vansteenkiste, Lens, and Deci, 2006
Chuck Norris doesn’t wear a watch, HE decides what time it is. Chuck Norris can slam a revolving door. Chuck Norris can lead a horse to water AND make it drink. Chuck Norris counted to infinity - twice. Chuck Norris can kill two stones with one bird. Chuck Norris can eat just one Lay's potato chip.
Thank you! Clayton Austin, Ph.D. email@example.com (o) 904.358.6623 (m) 904.465.3966