Weather Winter 2012 Safety Campaign
Weather Is a Factor at Sea • Pitching, slippery decks • Wind chill, heat stress are threats • However, you don’t have to drive in it, play in it, or worry about your family
Topics • Driving in bad weather • Skidding • Driving at night • Stranded • Driving in snow • Cold • Blizzards
Driving in Bad Weather • Increases risk, especially when you’re out of practice • Skidding, hydroplaning are speed-related threats • Lack of visibility increases your reaction time • Demands defensive driving
Skidding • Most pavement is slipperiest when it first starts to rain or snow—oil and dirt have not yet washed away. • Oil and grease can float to the top of a thin layer of water on the road. • Slow down at the first sign of rain or snow. • Turn on your windshield wipers, headlights, and defroster. • In heavy rain or snow, you may not be able to see more than 100 feet ahead. • With that amount of visibility, you can’t safely drive faster than 30 mph.
Driving at Night • Drive more slowly—you can’t see as far ahead and have less time to brake for hazards. • Make sure you can stop within the distance lit by your headlights. • Use low-beam headlights at night when it rains. • Don’t drive using just your parking lights. • Use high beams when possible in open country or dark city streets. • When you leave a brightly-lit place, drive slowly until your eyes adjust to the darkness.
Stranded? • Don’t leave your car. • Run the engine for short intervals • Keep the exhaust pipe clear of snow • Lave a window cracked for fresh air. • Don't leave your lights on • If your car isn’t stuck, you should be able to drive to safety in a few hours after the blizzard
Driving in Snow • Tires are extra-important • Slow down (seems obvious, but lots of people don’t) • Watch the news and monitor weather • Emergency kit mandatory, not a nice-to-have (if you have to spend several hours, or even all night, in your car, you don’t have to be miserable)
Cold • Dress in layers • Add a water-repellent outer layer • Try to avoid sweating or getting wet • Wear a hat and gloves or mittens • Learn the symptoms of hypothermia: confusion, dizziness, exhaustion and shivering
Blizzards • Severe winter storm combining wind and snow • Dangerously low visibility, one-quarter mile or less • May last several hours • Severe ones can produce winds of 45 mph, temperature less than 10 degrees F, zero visibility.
Blizzard Safety Kit • change of clothes, blanket or sleeping bag for each passenger • first-aid kit, prescriptions • portable radio • flashlight • extra batteries for electronics • knife • large empty can with lid, toilet paper • waterproof matches • bag of sand • tow rope • car tool kit • jumper cables • compass, road maps • windshield scraper • drinking water