Immunity. Tina Remes Walters 2011. Vocabulary . Pathogens Disease causing organism Antigens Complex molecules that are foreign to your body. Antibodies A protein made in response to a specific antigen. It attaches it and makes it useless.
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Tina Remes Walters
Disease causing organism
Complex molecules that are foreign to your
A protein made in response to a specific
antigen. It attaches it and makes it useless.
B. Respiratory System cilia, mucus, cough &
C. Digestive System saliva, enzymes,
hydrochloric acid, &
D. Circulatory System White blood cells
1. Killer releases enzymes to
destroy foreign matter
2. Helper turns on immunity
B cells form antibodies
3. Memory B cells has antibodies for
specific pathogens and
remains in the blood.
Antibodies that have been produces in another animal and introduced to yours.
Doesn’t last long.
Process of giving a vaccine by injection or by mouth a form of the antigen that gives you active immunity.
Microorganisms cause diseases in humans.
Pasteurization the process of heating a liquid
to a temperature that kills bacteria.
Human Diseases and their Agents
organisms that cause diseases.
by a virus, bacterium, protist or
fungus and is spread from an
infected organism or the
environment to another
Can be spread thru direct contact, water, air,
on food, contact with a contaminated
object and by disease-carrying organisms
called biological vectors. Examples:
birds, cats, rats, flies, mosquitoes etc.
Human vectors people carrying the disease.
Found the connection between cleanliness and disease.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Found in blood and body fluids
Can not multiply outside of the body
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
Attacks the body’s immune system.
HIV causes AIDS.
Destroys T cells
Can not be spread or “caught”.
system to a foreign substance.
Allergens substances that cause an
allergic reaction. Your
histamines in response.
enough or any insulin.
Type 2 Your body can not properly
process the insulin.
Symptoms: fatigue (tired),
excessive thirst, going to
the bathroom a lot,
tingling sensation in the
hands and feet.
exposure to chemicals
Prevention: limit exposure to
chemicals and the sun,