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Warm Up: Images Notes on: Wilson’s New Freedom Closing Activity: Quotes Review. His Pledge. -to fight the evils of society - give greater freedom to average citizens - tariffs – lower rates - trusts – FTC & Clayton Anti-Trust Act to regulate - banking – Centralized and Govt. regulated

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slide6

His Pledge

-to fight the evils of society - give greater freedom to average citizens

-tariffs – lower rates

-trusts – FTC & Clayton Anti-Trust Act to regulate

-banking – Centralized and Govt. regulated

-poverty – Balance the disadvantages to poverty

-disease – Minimize the effects of disease through public works

-corrupt gov’t – remove corruption

slide7

Tariff and Taxes

-Wilson addressed Congress in personsets precedent for delivering State of the Union message in person

-Tariffs were lowered for 1st time since Civil War

-Underwood Tariff

Drop tariffs – successful when public began to monitor Senator’s votes

-Income tax provision was included

Graduated – 4,000 = 1%, 500,000 = 6%; govt. received more revenue form taxes than it ever did from tariffs

Allowed by 16th Amendment

Legalization of permanent income tax.

slide8

Federal Reserve

-Wilson addresses Congress

-gov’t needs to be able to control money supply

Quickly and efficiently – take money away or put money into circulation

- Put it in a federally regulated banks

-set up system of 12 national banks

Regional central banks – 1 per district

-Federal reserve is an essential part of our economy today

slide9

Federal Reserve

-Wilson addresses Congress

-gov’t needs to be able to control money supply

Quickly and efficiently – take money away or put money into circulation

- Put it in a federally regulated banks

-set up system of 12 national banks

Regional central banks – 1 per district

-Federal reserve is an essential part of our economy today

slide10

Trust Regulation

-FTC, 1914 – “Watchdog” Agency given to investigate possible violations of regulatory statues

Federal Trade Commission

400 cease and desist orders to companies

-FTC could investigate corporate practices and regulate them if needed

-Clayton Anti-trust Act, 1914 – blocks trusts from forming monopolies; to so means officers can be prosecuted

stronger law enforceable

protected unions – and farm organizations may no longer be subject to Anti-trust laws

slide11

Trust Regulation

-FTC, 1914 – “Watchdog” Agency given to investigate possible violations of regulatory statues

Federal Trade Commission

400 cease and desist orders to companies

-FTC could investigate corporate practices and regulate them if needed

-Clayton Anti-trust Act, 1914 – blocks trusts from forming monopolies; to so means officers can be prosecuted

stronger law enforceable

protected unions – and farm organizations may no longer be subject to Anti-trust laws

slide12

Suffrage Issue

-one of the Progressive reforms

Wyoming, Utah, Colorado, Washington, and Idaho – State Laws

-Carrie Chapman Catt – Susan B. Anthony’s successor - NAWSA

a leader of the modern suffrage movement Organization, ties w/ all levels of govt., establish wide base of support, lobby, gracious/ladylike behavior

-some women moved to more militant efforts

Alice Paul – round the clock picket at White House – arrested, jailed – Hunger Strike

-women’s support in WW I eventually guaranteed success – Overdue reward for support the war effort

slide13

Progressive Results

-laissez-faire policy fades

Govt. regulation of markets

-social reforms help many

-Women have the right to vote, 19th Amendment

Right to vote can not be denied based on gender

-African Americans still ignored

Had NAACP’s support in 1912 election – promised equality and to speak out against lynching – never did anything once elected

-World War I seems to end reforms Wilson argued the administration can’t be focused on war and reform at the same time

slide14

“I believe in democracy because it releases the energies of every human being.” Woodrow Wilson

  • “There has been a change of government…Nowhere else in the world have noble men and women exhibited in more striking forms the beauty and the energy of sympathy and helpfulness and counsel in their efforts to rectify wrong, alleviate suffering, and set the weak in the way of strength and hope.” Woodrow Wilson’s 1st Inaugural
  • “Freedom today is something more than being let alone. Without the watchful…resolute interference of the government, there can be no fair play between individuals and such powerful institutions as the trust.” Woodrow Wilson
  • “How long must women wait for liberty?” Picket Sign
slide15

“Have you a ‘new freedom’ for white Americans and a new slavery for your “Afro-American fellow citizens.’ God forbid!” William Trotter, 1914

  • “We have made up our minds to square every process of our national life again with the standards we so proudly set up at the beginning and have always carried at our hearts. Our work is a work of restoration.” Woodrow Wilson’s 1st Inaugural
  • “There is no chance of progress and reform in an administration in which war plays the principle part.” Woodrow Wilson
  • “Control of the system of banking…which our new laws are to set up must be public, not private, and must be vested in the Government itself, so that the banks may be the instruments, not the masters, of business…” Woodrow Wilson
slide20

Name the federal agency created under Wilson whose job is to oversee industry and prevent monopolies?

slide21

Name the national banking system that was developed under Wilson to decrease the influence of wealthy bankers over the economy?