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Lactose Intolerance

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  1. Lactose Intolerance (Avonmore, 2011) Irfan, Robyn Ms. Storkey HFA4U May 8th, 2014

  2. What Is Lactose Intolerance? • Not being able to digest Lactose A sugar found in Milk and Milk products • Deficiency of the enzyme lactase Produced by cells lining the small intestines (Sibley, Fisher, & Pennington, 2009)

  3. Symptoms - Abdominal Bloating - Flatulence • Diarrhea • Stomach Cramps Extreme cases • Nausea • Vomiting • May occur 15 minutes to 2 hours after • Not everyone suffers these symptoms • People with a low tolerability to lactose will suffer the symptoms (The Dairy Council, 2014) • 82% of patients reported that their lactose intolerance affects their daily activities. (Ritter Pharmaceuticals, 2014)

  4. Guide to Symptoms (Fox, 2011)

  5. Causes Hereditary - A genetically programmed decrease in Lactase activity as infants mature. - This decrease in lactase production tends to be stronger in non- dairy consuming societies, ( African and Asian populations). - Symptoms of lactose intolerance typically become present in children and young adults, but can also develop in older individuals. Less Common factors - Intestinal parasites, chemotherapy, penicillin reactions, surgery, pregnancy, or dairy avoidance. - Very rarely, children can be born with a genetic disorder that restricts the production of lactase. (Ritter Pharmaceuticals, 2014) ( Holistic Wellness Basics, 2012)

  6. Preventions No Prevention! • Lactase Additives - a form of liquid to use with milk - heat the milk - add a few drops to a quart of milk - refrigerate for 24 hours - This technique reduces the lactose in milk by 90% • Lactase Tablets - Helps digest solid foods that contain lactose - 1-3 tablets before a meal or a snack • Lactose Reduced milk - Higher cost - Include all other nutrients found in milk (Health Central, 2014)

  7. Likely Affected • Problems with digestive track • People with an infection • Become intolerant to lactose in Adulthood • Some ethnic groups are affected more than others • People on medication (Nemours, 2014) (Gitalis, 2012)

  8. Foods & Diet Foods High in Calcium · Broccoli · Calcium-fortified products, such as breads and Juices · Canned salmon · Milk substitutes, such as soy milk and rice milk · Oranges · Pinto beans · Rhubarb · Spinach (Mayo Clinic, 2012)

  9. Bibliography • Avonmore. (2011). What causes lactose intolerance?. Avonmore. Retrieved May 1, 2014, from http://www.avonmorelactosefree.ie/lactose-intolerance/what-is-lactose-intolerance.html • Gitalis, J. (2012). Most of the world can’t eat dairy. JoshGitalis. Retrieved May 4, 2014, from http://www.joshgitalis.com/most-of-the-world-cant-eat-dairy/screen-shot-2012-05-27-at-10-57-13-am-2/ • Health Central. (2014). Lactose Intolerance. HealthCentral. Retrieved May 2, 2014, from http://www.healthcentral.com/encyclopedia/408/196.html • Holistic Wellness Basics. (2012). Human Parasites. HolisticWellnessBasics. Retrieved May 2, 2014, from http://www.holistic-wellness-basics.com/human-parasites.html • Mayo Clinic. (2012). Lifestyle and Home remedies. MayoClinic. Retrieved May 6, 2014, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/lactose-intolerance/basics/lifestyle-home- remedies/con-20027906 • Ritter Pharmaceuticals. (2014). Lactose Intolerance. RitterPharmaceuticals. Retrieved May 1, 2014, from http://www.ritterpharmaceuticals.com/lactose-intolerance/overview • Ritter Pharmaceuticals. (2014). Lactose Intolerance. RitterPharmaceuticals. Retrieved May 2, 2014, from http://www.ritterpharmaceuticals.com/lactose-intolerance/overview • Sibley, E, Fisher, R & Pennington, J. (2009). Lactose Intolerance. NDDIC. Retrieved May 1, 2014, from http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/lactoseintolerance/ • Teens Health. (2014). What is Lactose Intolerance and what causes it?. Nemours. Retrieved May 4, 2014, from http://kidshealth.org/teen/food_fitness/nutrition/lactose_intolerance.html • The Dairy Council. (2014). Prevalence. Milk. Retrieved May 1, 2014, from http://www.milk.co.uk/page.aspx?intPageID=138