Lactose Intolerance By: Jerry Thao
What is Lactose Intolerance? Lactose Intolerance is the inability to digest Lactose. Lactose is a sugar found in milk and dairy products.
How do you get this disease? Some people are born with this. Some people get it as the get elderly, because when you get older, the lactase enyzmes decrease. You can also get this if you have a disease in the intestines, such as bowel disease.
How does this affect your diet? Having this disease doesn’t really have a big impact on your diet, except for the consumption of dairy products. You may have to eat smaller amounts of dairy products, or maybe not even eat them at all. You can eat more digestible dairy products like aged cheese and yogurt. In stead of milk you can drink lactose free milk or soy milk.
Is there a cure? Or is it a way of life? There is no cure for this disease, but there are treatments that can help you live with it. For example, you can get lactase enzymes and add it to dairy products to help you digest it.
What do you have to do with your diet to be able to live with this medical condition? Avoid dairy products and find replacements. If you can tolerate some lactose in your body, you can be given medication to help you digest it.
How does excerise play a role in having a healthy lifestyle with this medical condition? Exercise does not have a role in this medical condition, but always exercise to stay healthy. Exercising will help your heart stay healthy and pump blood well. Exercise can also help you be strong and will let you be able to do more things without getting tired right away.
How do you think technology has played a role in this medical condition becoming more of a concern in this day and age? The technology hasn’t played much of an important role for this disease. Medication is the most modern technology that can help to produce more lactase enzymes.
What are some recipes that you could make to create a day’s menu for a person with this condition? Breakfast- Turkey Breakfast Sausage Patties, w/ frozen fruit and veggie smoothie. Ingredients: Servings: 4-6 Units: US | Metric 1 lb ground turkey 1 teaspoon salt 2 teaspoons sage 1 teaspoon fennel seed 1 teaspoon thyme 1 teaspoon black pepper 1/2 teaspoon white pepper 1/2 teaspoon cayenne 1/4 teaspoon garlic powder 1/8 teaspoon ground cloves 1/8 teaspoon nutmeg 1/8 teaspoon allspice Directions: 1Combine all ingredients (use less pepper if you don't want a spicy taste) and blend well. 2If time permits, refrigerate overnight to let the meat absorb the flavor of the spices. 3Form into patties and cook as needed, freezing leftovers. 4Don't overcook or they will dry out--remove from the heat as soon as they're no longer pink inside, but still juicy. (if you prefer a moister texture, you add a splash of olive oil or an egg to the mixture just prior to cooking).
Lunch Crock Pot Chicken Vindaloo w/ roasted green beans and lactose free drink Ingredients: Servings: 3 Units: US | Metric 3 tablespoons vinegar 3 garlic cloves, minced 1 1/2 tablespoons fresh ginger 3/4 tablespoon curry powder 1 tablespoon ground cumin 1/4 teaspoon ground cardamom 1/4 teaspoon ground cloves 1/4 teaspoon ground hot pepper 1 tablespoon mustard seeds 2 tablespoons olive oil 1 cup tomato sauce 1 cinnamon stick 1 small onion, chopped 3 boneless skinless chicken breast halves, quartered 2 tablespoons fresh parsley, chopped Directions: 1Pour first 10 ingredients in a blender. 2Pour into the crock pot, add tomato sauce, cinnamon stick and onion and mix well. 3Add chicken and turn to cover. 4Cook on low for 5 hours. 5Sprinkle with chopped parsley before serving. 6Serve with rice or rolls, enjoy!
Dinner Kung Pao Chicken Ingredients: Servings: 3-4 Units: US | Metric 1 lb boneless skinless chicken breast, cut into 1 inch pieces 1 tablespoon cornstarch 2 teaspoons light sesame oil or 2 teaspoons vegetable oil 3 tablespoons green onions, chopped with tops 2 garlic cloves, minced 1/4-1 1/2 teaspoon crushed red pepper flakes (to your own taste) 1/2 teaspoon powdered ginger (can use fresh grated if preferred) 2 tablespoons rice wine vinegar 2 tablespoons soy sauce 2 teaspoons sugar 1/3 cup dry roasted peanuts 4 cups cooked rice, hot Directions: 1Combine chicken and cornstarch in small bowl. 2Toss to coat. 3Heat oil in large non-stick skillet or wok on medium heat. 4Add chicken. 5Stir fry 5- 7 minutes or until no longer pink in center. 6Remove from heat. 7Add onions, garlic, red pepper and ginger to skillet. 8Stir fry 15 seconds. 9Remove from heat. 10Combine vinegar, soy sauce and sugar in small bowl. 11Stir well. 12Add to skillet. 13Return chicken to skillet. 14Stir until chicken is well coated. 15Stir in nuts. 16Heat thoroughly, stirring occasionally. 17Serve over hot rice.
Healthy Snacks and Beverages Snack- Fruit or vegetable or your choice Beverages- Southern Sweet Iced Tea, Mcdonald’s Shamrock shakes, or anything that doesn’t contain dairy.
Interesting Facts Lactose Intolerance is common in Asians, Africans, Native Americans, or Mediterranean ancestry. Complications- Weight loss and malnutrition There are no preventatives for this medical condition. Some dairy products have less lactose than others. For example, Soy milk, goat milk, and yogurt.
Nutrition Essential Questions • What is the new knowledge you constructed from this project and how can you apply it to your life or to someone’s life you know? • My oldest brother and my parents are lactose intolerant and my brother drinks lactose free milk and he eats food that doesn’t contain much dairy products. • How will this research help you understand how much nutritional and health needs affect dietary planning? • This research helped me understand that you don’t really need to change your diet to eat foods you like. It is just mainly excluding the dairy products. • How will you apply your understanding of a healthy lifestyle to your own life? • I will encourage my family members to stay fit instead of sitting around watching television and to actually do an activity that will get them tired. • How will you apply this new knowledge to create healthier recipes and food products? • To create healthier food products, you can just replace the fatty unhealthy ingredients with more healthy ingredients. • What do you now know about having a healthy lifestyle and the cause and effect to a healthy lifespan? • Being healthy and staying fit will for sure benefit you in the future. It will keep your heart pumping well and strong. Your muscles will be able to do more things and have more energy.
Sources • Dugdale, David C. “Lactose intolerance.” http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/. N.p., 7 July 2010. Web. 1 May 2012. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001321/>. • Wood, Debra. “Lactose Intolerance.” Consumer Health Complete. Conditions & Procedures InBrief, n.d. Web. 1 Sept. 2011. <http://web.ebscohost.com/chc/detail?vid=3&hid=113&sid=050497a9-05d5-4345-a15f-c684180f4b63%40sessionmgr113&bdata=JkF1dGhUeXBlPWNvb2tpZSxpcCxjcGlkJmN1c3RpZD1zNzMyNDk2NCZzaXRlPWNoYy1saXZlJnNjb3BlPXNpdGU%3d#db=cmh&AN=HL11717>. • www.food.com. Scripps Networks, LLC, n.d. Web. 1 May 2012. <http://www.food.com/recipes/lactose>. • Zieve, David. “Lactose intolerance.” http://www.nlm.nih.gov. A.D.A.M., Inc, 7 July 2010. Web. 1 May 2012. <http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000276.htm>.