Lesson 3 Islamic fundamentalism
Identify origins and beliefs of fundamentalist movements. Research major fundamentalist groups. Articulate arguments for and against the issue of Islamic fundamentalism as a threat. Objectives
Warm Up • What are the 5 pillars of Islam?
Political & social movement promoting a return to traditional, or fundamental, interpretation of anyreligion. • Islamic Fundamentalism or “Political Islam” • Est. Shari’alaw as foundation of government • Rid society of non-Islamic influence Fundamentalism
Origins • Islamic empire eclipsed, dominated, and exploited by West. Frustrated w/politics. • Frustration with rapid social & economic changes. • Contempt for decadence & corruption of Western culture. • Western presence in Holy Lands, ME politics, perceived attack on Islam
Religiously motivated terrorism • World Gone Wrong • Religion to cope & guide • Tool for social activism & poly change • Motivate & justify purpose • No Other Option • Tried traditional channels for change, failed • Lack power, voice • Hopeless & frustrated • Cosmic War Against Enemy • Good vs Evil (God/Devil) • Stakes so high, cause so virtuous = any means justify ends • Symbolism & Violence • Value to target & timing • “Four Cases” Read From “Responding to Terrorism: Challenges for Democracy” www.choices.edu
Islamic Fundamentalism & violence • Most DO NOT ADVOCATE violence! • Terrorism as form of jihad • Downtrodden drawn to promises • Seek to overthrow secular regimes & rulers they regard as un-Islamic • Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Jordan, and Kuwait as well as US
Impact on foreign policy • US Concerns • Poly & econ stability • US-friendly • Terror attacks against Western interests • “Islamaphobia” • Anti-Muslim, Anti-Arab sentiment born out of fear & ignorance • Ground Zero Mosque • Reading • Opened Sept 22, 2011
Activity: Fundamentalist Groups ~175 Groups…32 are Shiite, others are Sunni-based • Al Qaeda • The Taliban • Hezbollah • Hamas • The Muslim Brotherhood • Islamic Jihad • Wahhabism • Lashkar-e-Taiba • Jaish-e-Mohammed • Beliefs of group? • Countries group is active in? • Is the group allowed to participate in govt? Do they hold power? • Typical activities? • Outside opinions of group?
Closure • Do you consider Islamic fundamentalism a threat to US security? Why or why not?
Wiki Post Middle East Discussion Tab “Why is it important to study Islam and fundamentalism and its many meanings?” Homework