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Islamic Fundamentalism. What is it?. Islamic Fundamentalism is a conscious attempt to revive and restate the theoretical relevance of Islam in the modern world. Sources of Islam Law – Quran (Holy Book) – Hadith (Sunnah). Hezbollah (Party of God) . What is it?

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what is it
What is it?
  • Islamic Fundamentalism is a conscious attempt to revive and restate the theoretical relevance of Islam in the modern world.
  • Sources of Islam Law
    • – Quran (Holy Book)
    • – Hadith (Sunnah)
hezbollah party of god
Hezbollah (Party of God)
  • What is it?
  • Hezbollah is a powerful political and military organization in Lebanon made up mainly of Shea Muslims.
  • It emerged with financial backing from Iran in the early 1980s.
  • It calls for the destruction of the state of Israel.
  • Argues that Israel has no right to exist and they are occupying Muslim land.
  • Considered to be a terrorist group
hezbollah cont
Hezbollah (cont.)
  • Why was it formed?
    • The primary reason for forming Hezbollah was to offer resistance to the Israeli occupation
  • What effects has it made?
    • Adopted tactic of taking Western Hostages through # of freelance hostage taking cells
    • In 1983, Hezbollah was thought to have planned a suicide bombing attack killing 241 US marines in Beirut.
conflicts of violence
Conflicts of Violence
  • Often times you will find that Muslims have “snipped” verses out of the Quran to justify their aggressive tactics or by those trying to malign the faith.
  • Example: "slay them wherever you catch them" (Quran 2:191) (This is in it’s snipped version)

(The Quran)

conflicts of violence cont
Conflicts of Violence (cont.)
  • “Islam has taken on a violent profile because Islam is being suppressed, quarantined, persecuted-most directly by the rulers of the nations where most Muslims live”

(R. Scott Appleby: Global Fundamentalism)

conflicts of violence cont7
Conflicts of Violence (cont.)
  • Even in defensive war, Muslim areonly to fight directly against those who are attacking them, not innocentbystanders or non-combatants.
  • Nowhere in the Qur'an can be found support for indiscriminate slaughter, the killing of non-combatants, or murder of innocent persons in 'payback' for another people's alleged crimes.