Comprehension Strategy Instruction Narrative text
Foundations • Asking & answering questions about texts • Before • During Reading text • After • Teacher demonstrates, models, and guides questioning • Interactive style of instruction • Substantial guided practice
Assumptions • Students able to adequately decode text • Use easy-to-read texts • Read text to students • Teachers apply strategy to their OWN reading • Learn how strategy works >better teach students • Understand potential of strategy
Technique • WHQuestions • Who? • What? • Where? • When? • Why?
R. A. M. Technique • Read text asking WH questions • Answer your questions as you read • Mark your answers with symbols
References The Access Center. http://www.k8accesscenter.org. *Brigham, R., Berkeley, S., Simpkins, P., Brigham, M. (2007). Alert # 12 http://www.teachingld.org LD Resources. Current Practice Alerts. Gersten, R., Fuchs, L. S., Williams, J. P., & Baker, S. (2001). Teaching reading comprehension strategies to students with learning disabilities: A review of research. Review of Educational Research, 71(2), 279-320.
References IRIS Center. http://www.iris.peabody.vanderbilt.edu Resources; Reading; Literacy; Language Arts; Modules; InfoBriefs; Case Studies Vaughn, S., Gersten, R. & Chard, D. J. (2000). The underlying message in LD intervention research: Findings from Research Syntheses. Exceptional Children, 67(1), 99-114. * Resource used for powerpoint