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POETRY: Study Guide for Sound Techniques & Figurative Language Test. SOUND TECHNIQUES. How do writers use sound techniques in poetry?. Lines and Stanzas. A line is a single row of words in a poem . A stanza is a group of lines in a poem separated by space (like a paragraph).

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sound techniques

SOUND TECHNIQUES

How do writers use sound techniques in poetry?

lines and stanzas
Lines and Stanzas
  • A line is a single row of words in a poem.
  • A stanza is a group of lines in a poem separated by space (like a paragraph)
what is rhyme
Words sound alike because they share the same ending vowel and consonant sounds.

(A word always rhymes with itself.)

LAMP

STAMP

Share the short “a” vowel sound

Share the combined “mp” consonant sound

What is rhyme?
what is a rhyming poem
What is a Rhyming Poem?
  • A rhyming poem is a verse poem that contains rhyming words at the end of certain lines.
  • Example: Night time by Lee Bennet Hopkins

How do dreams know

when to creep

into my head

when I fall off

to Sleep?

end rhyme
END RHYME
  • A word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of another line
  • Hector the Collector
  • Collected bits of string.
  • Collected dolls with broken heads
  • And rusty bells that would not ring.
rhyme scheme
RHYME SCHEME
  • A rhyme scheme is a pattern of rhyme (usually end rhyme, but not always).
  • Use the letters of the alphabet to represent sounds to be able to visually “see” the pattern. (See next slide for an example.)
sample rhyme scheme
SAMPLE RHYME SCHEME
  • The Germ by Ogden Nash
  • A mighty creature is the germ,
  • Though smaller than the pachyderm.
  • His customary dwelling place
  • Is deep within the human race.
  • His childish pride he often pleases
  • By giving people strange diseases.
  • Do you, my poppet, feel infirm?
  • You probably contain a germ.

a

a

b

b

c

c

a

a

a rhyming poem
A Rhyming Poem

Marty Smarty went to a party

In her jumbo jet.

After tea she jumped in the sea

And got her pants all wet.

John Foster

Can you identify the rhyming pattern in this poem?

a rhyming poem1
A Rhyming Poem

Rhyming words

Marty Smarty went to a party

In her jumbo jet.

After tea she jumped in the sea

And got her pants all wet.

John Foster

Can you identify the rhyming pattern in this poem?

a rhyming poem2
A Rhyming Poem

Rhyming words

Marty Smarty went to a party

In her jumbo jet.

After tea she jumped in the sea

And got her pants all wet.

John Foster

Can you identify the rhyming pattern in this poem?

a rhyming poem3
A Rhyming Poem

pattern

A

Marty Smarty went to a party

In her jumbo jet.

After tea she jumped in the sea

And got her pants all wet.

John Foster

B

A

B

Can you identify the rhyming pattern in this poem?

what is alliteration
What is alliteration?
  • When two or more words in a poem begin with the same letter or sound
  • If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers, how many pickled peppers did Peter Piper pick?
alliteration
ALLITERATION

Sheila Shorter sought a suitor;

Shelia sought a suitor short.

Sheila’s suitor’s sure to suit her;

Short’s the suitor Sheila sought!

by Michael Rosen

alliteration1
ALLITERATION

Down the slippery slide they slid

Sitting slightly sideways;

Slipping swiftly see them skid

On holidays and Fridays.

alliteration2
ALLITERATION

A fly and a flea flew up in a flue.

Said the fly to the flea, “What shall we do?”

“Let’s fly,” said the flea.

“Let’s flee,” said the fly.

So they fluttered and flew up a flaw in the flue.

what is repetition
What is repetition?
  • Repeated words or phrases
  • Repetition of sounds, words, and ideas adds to the power and precision of poetry.
  • Sometimes the first line of the poem is repeated at the end.
  • Sometimes a word or phrases is repeated within the poem to enhance the rhythm.
repetition
REPETITION

Give me the splendid silent sun with all its beams full-dazzling,

Give me juicy autumnal fruit ripe and red from the orchard,

Give me a field where the unmowed grass grows,

Give me an arbor, give me the trellised grape,

Give me fresh corn and wheat, give me serene-moving animals teaching content.

Give me nights perfectly quiet as on high plateaus west of the Mississippi, and I am looking up at the stars.

Give me odorous at sunrise a garden of beautiful flowers where I can walk undisturbed.

by Walt Whitman

what is onomatopoeia
What is onomatopoeia?
  • Words that imitate the sound they are naming
  • BUZZ

ZIP

time for review
Time For Review!
  • What is a line?
  • What is a stanza?
  • What is a rhyme? Give an example.
  • What is a rhyme scheme? Give an example.
  • What is alliteration? Give an example.
  • What is repetition? Give an example.
  • What is onomatopoeia? Give me an example.
literary devices

LITERARY DEVICES

How do writers use literary devices in poetry?

what is figurative language
What is figurative language?
  • A tool that an author uses to help the reader visualize what is happening in a story or poem
  • Some common types are: simile, metaphor, personification, and imagery.
what is a simile
What is a simile?
  • A comparison using “like” or “as”
  • It usually compares two dissimilar objects.
  • “She is as beautiful as a sunrise.”
what is a metaphor
What is a metaphor?
  • States that one thing is something else.
  • It is a comparison, but it does NOT use “like” or “as” to make the comparison.

“All the world’s a stage, and we are merely players.”

- William Shakespeare

what is personification
Giving human qualities, feelings, actions, or characteristics to an inanimate (non-living) object (thing, idea, or animal).What is personification?
personification
Ex: “The window winked at me.” The verb, wink, is a human action. A window is an inanimate object. PERSONIFICATION
what is imagery
What is imagery?
  • The use of vivid description, usually rich in sensory words, to create pictures or images in the reader’s mind
  • Most images are visual, but they can also appeal to the senses of sound, touch, taste, or smell.
  • Involves one or more of your five senses

then with cracked hands that ached

from labor in the weekday weather . . .

from “Those Winter Sundays”

imagery
IMAGERY

excerpt from The Mouse and the Cake

Eliza Cook

A mouse found a beautiful piece of plum cake,

The richest and sweetest that mortal could make;

‘Twas heavy with citron and fragrant with spice,

and covered with sugar all sparkling as ice.

time for review1
Time For Review!
  • What is figurative language? What are some types of figurative language?
  • What is a simile? Give an example.
  • What is a metaphor? Give an example.
  • How are similes and metaphors the same? How are they different?
  • What is personification? Give an example.
  • What is imagery? Give an example.