To be an immigrant from 1900 1914 meant
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To be an Immigrant from 1900-1914 meant…. …Struggle…. British Immigrants: #1 Priority. Why? Anglo-Conformity Problems? British farmers found prairie farms too harsh. So where did they move to? Cities USA!!!! So, Prairies constantly needed to be filled .

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The challenge of filling rupert s land

British Immigrants: #1 Priority. Why?

Anglo-Conformity

Problems?

British farmers found prairie farms too harsh. So where did they move to?

Cities

USA!!!!

So, Prairies constantly needed to be filled

The Challenge of Filling Rupert’s Land


  • The Government had a problem, therefore

  • Needed farmers…..but

  • British weren’t very good at farming….And

  • Canada wanted Anglo-Conformity to shape the nation

  • Solution?

  • “Open door” immigration policy: Clifford Sifton


Clifford sifton
Clifford Sifton

  • Minister of the Interior = Immigration Minister

  • Ideal immigrant?

  • Look to page 6.

  • Hard working, experienced farmer, who could survive the weather, with a…

  • …hard working wife, who could…

  • Produce many kids!

  • Where did these ideal immigrants come from?

  • Russia, Poland, Slavic Nations:

  • In other words, Eastern Europe!!


Pull factors

Biased posters

Bias = prejudice in favour or against one thing, person, or group compared with another, esp. in a way to be considered unfair

Posters were sources of Propaganda:

Misleading information to promote a specific point of view

Examples of both, in this poster?

Pull factors


What sort of women were encouraged to emigrate to Canada?

Why?

Evidence from page 7

Domestic workers, newly arrived to Canada



Struggle for all

What were British immigrants, and some European immigrants given?

160 acres of land

Poster , issued in Russia

Struggle…for all



Struggle for the privileged
Struggle for the Privileged given?

  • With land, passage– and some basic supplies–, why was it still a struggle for these “privileged” immigrants?

  • Did experience, match the image given in the posters?

  • Case study: Stashyn family


Closed door policy
Closed Door Policy given?

  • Frank Oliver became “Minister of the Interior” in 1905

  • 2 years before, Canada begins to close its doors on immigration from “unwanted” countries

  • China and Japan

  • How?

  • Head Tax

  • $500 per head

  • Discouraged

    immigration


Closed door policy1
Closed Door Policy given?

  • Frank Oliver went further

  • Passed new immigration act, limiting the number of Chinese, Japanese and Indian immigration

  • “Blacks, Jews, Gypsies” also targeted

  • Why?

  • Anglo-Conformity!!!


Closed door policy2

“Continuous Journey” claus: 1910 regulation given?

Any boat entering Canadian harbours may only enter if, the boat has not stopped during its journey

So, boats journeying from Asia, virtually banned by this regulation

Komagata Maru

1914

352 Hindus, Sikhs and Muslims were denied entry, after landing in Vancouver Harbour

Closed Door Policy


Closed door policy3

Country of Origin: 1911, given?

Top 5

France: 2 061 719

England: 1 871 268

Ireland: 1 074 738

Scotland: 1 027 015

Germany: 403 417

Greatest Decrease, from 1901 to 1911

Black: 17, 437 to 16, 994

Slowest Growth, from 1901-1911

Japanese: 4738 to 9067

Chinese: 17,312 to 27, 831

Closed Door Policy