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OTHER AREAS OF ASSESSMENT Assessment of Hearing, Physical and Ocupational Therapy, and Bilingual Assessment. Chapter Fourteen. CHAPTER OBJECTIVES. UNDERSTAND. Assessment of hearing Assessment measures of hearing Occupational and physical therapy measures Bilingual assessment. DEAFNESS.

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OTHER AREAS OF ASSESSMENTAssessment of Hearing, Physical and Ocupational Therapy, and Bilingual Assessment

Chapter Fourteen

chapter objectives
CHAPTER OBJECTIVES

UNDERSTAND

  • Assessment of hearing
  • Assessment measures of hearing
  • Occupational and physical therapy measures
  • Bilingual assessment
deafness
DEAFNESS

A hearing impairment that is so

severe that the child is impaired

in processing linguistic information

through hearing, with or without

amplification, that adversely affects

a child’s educational performance.

hearing impairment
HEARING IMPAIRMENT

An impairment in hearing whether

permanent or fluctuating, that

adversely affects a child’s

educational performance but which

is not included under the definition

of deafness in the is section

causes of hearing impairments
Causes of Hearing Impairments
  • Conductive hearing loss
  • Sensorineutral hearing loss
  • Mixed hearing loss
  • Functional hearing loss
  • Central auditory disorders
degrees of hearing impairment
Slight

Mild

Moderate

Severe

Profound

Degrees of Hearing Impairment
assessment measures of hearing
Assessment Measures of Hearing

Audiometric evaluation measures

  • Pure tone audiometric screening
  • Speech audiometry
  • Pure tone threshold audiometry

Special audiometric tests

  • Sound field audiometry
  • Evoked response audiometry
  • Impedance audiometry
  • Behavioral play audiometry
hearing tests
HEARING TESTS
  • Auditory Perception Test for the Hearing Impaired (APT/HI)
  • Carolina Picture Vocabulary Test for Deaf and Hearing (CPVT)
  • Hiskey-Nebraska Test of Learning Aptitude
  • Leiter-R International Performance Scale
  • Rhode Island Test of Language Structure (RITLS)
  • Screening Instrument for Targeting Educational Risk (SIFTER)
  • Test of Early Reading Ability-2: Deaf or Hard of Hearing (TERA-2-D/HH)
physical and occupational therapy assessment
PHYSICAL AND OCCUPATIONALTHERAPY ASSESSMENT

Physical Therapy- concentrates on lower-body/gross motor difficulties

Occupational Therapy- focuses on fine-motor/upper body functions

assessment areas in both physical and occupational therapy
Assessment Areas in both Physical and Occupational Therapy
  • Range of motion
  • Sensory integration
  • Activities for daily living
  • Physical and mental development
  • Muscular control
  • Need for and uses of adaptive equipment
assessments unique to physical therapy
Posture

Gait

Endurance

Personal independence

Joint abnormalities

Wheelchair management

Transportation needs

Architectural barriers

Prosthetic and orthotic equipment checks

Assessments Unique to Physical Therapy
assessments unique to occupational therapy
Neuromuscular processing

Sensory processing

Manual dexterity

Leisure time abilities

Physical facilities

Prevocational skills

Oral motor and feeding problems

Assessments Unique to Occupational Therapy
pt and ot services
PT and OT Services
  • Referring families to appropriate sources for assistance
  • Helping families order adaptive or prosthetic equipment
  • Coordinating with physical education programs
pt and ot services14
PT and OT Services
  • Instructing families regarding methods used in physical therapy
  • Formulating long-range developmental plans for children’s education
  • Training school professionals with special equipment
  • Helping families and children learn how to deal with architectural barriers
problems requiring ot
Problems Requiring OT
  • Perceptual problems
  • Sensory problems
  • Gross-motor difficulties
  • Fine motor problems
  • Hardship with daily living activities
  • Organizational problems
  • Attention span difficulties
  • Interpersonal problems
evaluations an ot can conduct
Vision

Abnormal movement patterns

Range of motion

Skeletal and joint conditions

Behavior

Skin and soft tissue

Fine motor

Perceptual

Gross motor

Balance and equilibrium

Activities for daily living

Equipment analysis

Evaluations an OT Can Conduct
frequently used tests
Frequently Used Tests
  • First Step: Screening Test for Evaluating Preschoolers (STEP)
  • Quick Neurological Screening Test (QNST)
  • Sensory Integrating and Praxis Tests (SIPT)
bilingual assessment
BILINGUAL ASSESSMENT
  • Demographics of American schools are changing
  • A great deal of research and numerous court decisions support the fact that standardized tests are often culturally and linguistically biased
  • Under federal law, all children have the right to tests that are free of cultural bias
  • The majority of tests used for assessment in special education are based on standards of the English-speaking culture
dominant language
DOMINANT LANGUAGE
  • It is highly inappropriate to evaluate students in English when that is not their dominant language.
  • Translating the tests from English is not an acceptable practice either.
  • Alterations may need to be made to the standardized procedures for bilingual students
options commonly used in testing limited english speakers
Options Commonly Used in Testing Limited English Speakers
  • Nonverbal tests
  • Translated tests
  • Trained or untrained interpreters
  • Testing specialists have become sensitive to the problems
bilingual assessment21
BILINGUAL ASSESSMENT
  • ESL Adult Literacy Scale (ESL)
  • Language Proficiency Test (LPT)
  • Matrix Analogies Test- Expanded Form (MAT-Expanded Form)
  • System of Multicultural Pluralistic Assessment (SOMPA)
chapter objectives22
CHAPTER OBJECTIVES

UNDERSTAND

  • Assessment of hearing
  • Assessment measures of hearing
  • Occupational and physical therapy measures
  • Bilingual assessment