PresentPerfect We use thepresentperfectto talkabout: Unfinishedactionsorstatesthatstartedin thepastand continue up to thepresent: I’velivedin Braga for twentyyears. Lifeexperienceswithunspecified dates: Myteacherhasbeento the United Statestwice. Finishedpastactionsoreventswith a result in thepresent: I’veforgottenmy email password! (The result is that I can’t sign into my account now.)
PresentPerfect – Time expressions Just Ever Never Already For Since Yet Mysisterhaslivedin France forfiveyears. I haven’teatenanycakesinceI startedmydieton 1st May. Haveyoueverbeen to Sydney before? No, I’veneverbeen to Australia. I haven’tbeenabroadyet. Peter hasjustarrived. Heis in hisbedroomreading a comicbook. I’vealreadypackedmythings. Let’sgo, shallwe?
PastSimple We use thepastsimpleto talkaboutfinishedpastactionsat a specified time in thepast. Look atthefollowingexamples: Yesterday, I metmyfriendsatthebookstoreandweboughta verygoodbook. Last week, I wentto thebeachand I triedyoga forthefirst time. Itwasamazing! I finishedthatbooklastweek. I lovedthestoryaboutthegirlwhomovedto anothercityandmadea biglifestylechange.
PastSimple – Time expressions Lastweek/month/year In the20th century In 2010 A week/month/year ago Yesterday LastyearI visitedmybestfriend, who lives in Rome. Marywent to the shopping centre yesterdayandbought a dress. Iwentto university in September 2000. A week ago, myfatherhada caraccident. Fortunatelynothingbadhappened; hewasn’thurtandneitherwastheother driver.
A. Complete the sentences with the verb in brackets in the past simple or present perfect. 1. His girlfriend loves Japan. She _________ (be) there many times. 2. Anthony __________ (work) in that big building for four years. (He still works there.) 3. They _____ (go) to Australia on holiday last summer. 4. I _____________ (watch) that film. It´s really good. 5. His grandparents _____ (be) here last Christmas. 6. They ____ (go) to Greece when she _____ (be) only four. hasbeen hasworked went havewatched were went was
A. Complete the sentences with the verb in brackets in the past simple or present perfect. (cont.) 7. ____ you ____ (see) any good TV programmes last weekend? 8. I _____ (have) a salad and a soup for lunch today. 9. My brother ________ (live) in Madrid since he went to college there. 10. The car looks different._____ you _______ (paint) it? 11. She _________ (not see) him at the café last Saturday night. 12. A friend of mine ____ (win) the lottery three years ago. Did see had haslived Have painted didn’tsee won
B. Say if the following sentences are right or wrong.Correct them if necessary. 1. ‘Have you ever been to India’? ‘No, I haven’t’. ________________________________________________ 2. I’ve had cereals for breakfast, but I’ve had nothing since then. __________________________________________________ 3. She’s enjoyed herself at the funfair last Saturday. ________________________________________________ 4. I’ve listened to their new album, but I didn’t like it (much). ________________________________________________ 5. Tom has left university ten years ago. ________________________________________________ Right Wrong–I hadcereals for breakfast, but I’ve had nothing since then. Wrong– She enjoyedherself at the funfair last Saturday. Right Wrong– Tom leftuniversity ten years ago.
B. Say if the following sentences are right or wrong.Correct them if necessary. (cont.) 6. Their cousins have lived in Barcelona since they’ve been teenagers. ___________________________________________________ 7. We have lived here for three years and a half. ___________________________________________________ 8. My parents worked in that company for ten years. ___________________________________________________ 9. Rose has made a cheese cake for her mother’s last birthday. ___________________________________________________ 10. I´ve washed your car. It looks really clean now! __________________________________________________ Wrong– Their cousins have lived in Barcelona since they wereteenagers. Right Right Wrong– Rose madea cheese cake for her mother’s birthday. Right