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Present perfect. = předpřítomný čas. Introduction. Present perfect refers to past and to present . Present perfect is used when something happened in the past and it still has some effects . The time is not important . We do not know exactly when the action happened .

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present perfect

Presentperfect

= předpřítomný čas

introduction
Introduction
  • Presentperfectrefers to past and to present.
  • Presentperfectisusedwhensomethinghappened in the past anditstill has someeffects.
  • Thetimeis not important. We do not knowexactlywhentheactionhappened.
  • Presentperfectcanbeusedwithexpressions such as: ever, never, since, yetetc.
present perfect1
Presentperfect
  • Declarative sentence:

noun/pronoun + have+ 3rd formofthe verb

  • Negative sentence:

noun/pronoun + have + not +3rd formofthe verb

  • Question:

have + noun/pronoun + 3rd formofthe verb

present perfect2
Presentperfect
  • Examples:

Haveyouseenthemovie?

Nobody has everclimbedthatmountain.

I havebeen to London.

She has lost her keys.

He has not become a doctor.

Haveyou met himalready?

exercise change the word order and create the correct sentences
ExerciseChangethewordorderandcreatethecorrectsentences:
  • Lost/I/keys/have/my.

______________________________________

  • Wife/we/never/his/met/have.

______________________________________

  • many/John/have/I/known/years/for.

______________________________________

  • Twice/Finland/been/she/has/to.

______________________________________

  • Ever/you/tasted/japanese/have/sushi/?

______________________________________

  • Last/we/not/caught/bus/have/the.

______________________________________

  • Just/some/made/coffee/I/have.

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difference between present perfect and past tense
DifferencebetweenPresentperfectand Past tense
  • Pasttense – usageof 2nd formofthe verb

X

  • Presentperfect – usageof 3rd formofthe verb
  • Pasttense – actionshappened in concrete moment in the past orfinishedactions, e.g. I lost my keysyesterday. I lost my keysand I foundthemlater.

X

  • Presentperfect – actionshappened in nonspecifictime in the past oractionsthathappened in the past and are still happening now, e.g. I havelost my keys. (I do nthavethemnow).
exercise choose what tense is used in each sentence explain why translate into czech
ExerciseChoosewhat tense isused in eachsentence. Explainwhy. TranslateintoCzech.
  • Weplayedfootball last Sunday.
  • I haveknown Peter forfiveyears.
  • Theyworked in thehospitalfrom 1970 to 2001.
  • He has travelled a lot in Asia.
  • I haven´t met her yet.
  • He worked as a musicianwhen he was ten.
  • He has worked as a musiciansince he was ten.
  • They´ve lived in Englandfor ten years.
  • Theylived in Englandfor ten years.
  • I havealwayslikedskiing.
  • I broke my arm last year.
  • Thisisprobablythelongestletter I´ve everwritten.
translate
Translate:
  • Včera jsem se díval na televizi.
  • Ještě nikdy jsem ten film neviděl.
  • Kdy jsi se narodil?
  • Jak dlouho už tady žiješ?
  • Nemohu si to koupit. Utratil jsem už všechny peníze.
  • Nikdy jsem nebyl v zahraničí.
  • Už jsi někdy vylezl na strom?
  • Na jaře jsem si koupil nové kolo.
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