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New Social Movements and Vietnam

New Social Movements and Vietnam

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New Social Movements and Vietnam

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  1. New Social Movements and Vietnam • Black Power • Feminism • Free Speech • Vietnam War • Antiwar movement • Counterculture

  2. Chronology 1962 Port Huron Statement 1963 Betty Friedan, The Feminine Mystique March on Washington Kennedy assasinated, Lyndon Johnson President 1964 Civil Rights Act of 1964 Free Speech movement at Berkeley Freedom Summer 1965 Malcolm X assasinated Voting Rights Act Immigration Reform Act Watts riot Ralph Nader, Unsafe at Any Speed 1966 National Organization for Women organized Black Panther Party Founded 1968 Martin Luther King, Jr. assasinated Democratic National Convention in Chicago Richard Nixon elected president Miss America Beauty Pageant protest 1969 Stonewall riot “Indians of All Nations” occupy Alcatraz island Fred Hampton murdered by FBI 1973 Roe v. Wade

  3. Women in Labor Force, 1940-1987 1940 1950 1960 1970 1987 Millions 13.8 17.8 22.5 31.2 53.0 Percentage Employed Single 48 46 43 51 65 Married 17 23 32 40 56 With children 6 NA 12 19 30 57 ” 6-17 NA 28 39 49 71

  4. Cold War - Vietnam War Chronology 1961 Bay of Pigs 1962 Port Huron Statement Cuban Missile Crisis 1963 Betty Friedan, The Feminine Mystique March on Washington Kennedy assasinated, Lyndon Johnson President 1964 Free Speech movement at Berkeley Freedom Summer Gulf of Tonkin Resolution 1965 Malcolm X assasinated 1966 National Organization for Women organized Black Panther Party Founded 1968 Tet offensive Martin Luther King, Jr. assasinated Democratic National Convention in Chicago Richard Nixon elected president Miss America Beauty Pageant protest 1969 Stonewall riot “Indians of All Nations” occupy Alcatraz island 1970 The Ohio National Guard kills four students at Kent State 1972 Congress passes Equal Rights Amendment (not ratified by states) 1973 Paris peace agreement ends war in Vietnam for America

  5. Vietnam War map

  6. Eddie Adams's Pulitzer Prize-winning photo of General Nguyễn Ngọc Loan executing Nguyễn Văn Lém, a Viet Cong officer.

  7. My Lai massacre

  8. US Soldier’s testimony, Dellums Committee Hearings on War Crimes in Vietnam BARNES: I think that most of the high cmnd knew about the things that were happening and the " reasons that they didn't say too much about it or nothing was processed through about it was that the main thing was that the object was to go into Vnam, and the object was to most of the high cmnd, it was to kill. That was the thing. To come in and - I don't mean destroy in the sense of the word which is what they did really, but if a couple of civilians got in the way, "Thats not a big matter. Thats the price of war." Thats how they considered it. If they heard of mass murders usually it was an overpass, and it didn't have too much effect, that type of thing. They didn't care about it. They didn't have no feelings for the people at all.

  9. Chicago Democratic Convention, 1968

  10. Kent State, May 4, 1970 - National Guard

  11. John Filo's Pulitzer Prize-winning photograph of Mary Ann Vecchio, a fourteen-year-old runaway, kneeling over the dead or dying body of Jeffrey Miller, shot in the mouth by an unknown Ohio National Guardsman. 70 - Student Killed