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  1. Romanticism Unit Review Academic Sections

  2. What poem did we read from William Cullen Bryant? • “Thanatopsis”

  3. What subject does “Thanatopsis” discuss? • Death

  4. Is “Thanatopsis” divided into stanzas? If so, how many? • Yes, 4 stanzas

  5. Does “Thanatopsis” have a rhyme scheme? • No

  6. Rhyme scheme is the pattern of ___________________ within a poem. • End rhyme

  7. Within “Thanatopsis” Bryant uses an extended metaphor to compare the earth to a __________. • Tomb

  8. Read the following: “When thoughts if the last bitter hour come like a blight over thy spirit…” This is an example of a(n) • Simile

  9. What sound device is being used in the following passage: …”over thy spirit, and sad images of the stern agony, and shroud…? • alliteration

  10. Writing that appeals to the reader’s senses is known as… • Imagery

  11. Name one type of meter that we have discussed during this unit. • Iambic pentameter • Iambic tetrameter • Trochaic octameter • Iambic quadrameter

  12. What does this line from “Thanatopsis” mean: Thou go not, like the quarry-slave at night,Scourged to his dungeon, but, sustained and soothedBy an unfaltering trust, approach thy graveLike one who wraps the drapery of his couchAbout him, and lies down to pleasant dreams. • Do not go towards death like someone scared and beaten-down. Go towards death like one lying down to a comfortable sleep.

  13. What literary device is being used in the following line: As a twig trembles, which a birdLights on to sing, then leaves unbent,So is my memory thrilled and stirred;- • Simile

  14. What is the rhyme scheme of the following stanza:As, at one bound, our swift spring heapsThe orchards full of bloom and scent,So clove her May my wintry sleeps;--I only know she came and went. • ABAB

  15. Why were the fireside poets given that name? • Families would read their works by the fire.

  16. What is a word that describes the tone in “She Came and Went”? • Sad, sentimental, longing

  17. “She Came and Went” was written about Lowell’s… • daughter

  18. In “The Cross of Snow,” Longfellow uses an extended metaphor to compare the mark left by his wife’s death to what? • A cross of snow on a mountain that never melts away

  19. What are the two poems we read by Edgar Allan Poe? • “Annabel Lee” and “The Raven”

  20. What is the rhyme scheme of the following lines:It was many and many a year ago,In a kingdom by the sea,That a maiden there lived whom you may knowBy the name of Annabel Lee;And this maiden she lived with no other thoughtThan to love and be loved by me. • ABABCB

  21. What literary device is being used in the following lines:In her sepulchre there by the sea,In her tomb by the sounding sea. • Repetition or alliteration

  22. Name 3 tragedies in Poe’s life that may have influence the dark nature of his stories • His mother died from TB, his stepmother died from TB, his father abandoned his family, his stepfather rejected him, his wife/cousin died from TB, he suffered from alcoholism, he was poor throughout much of his life

  23. What is the tone of “Annabel Lee” • Sad, bitter, angry

  24. What is an allusion made in “The Raven” • Pallas Athen: Goddess of wisdom • Night’s Plutonian Shore: Hell; Pluto is the Roman god of the underworld • Nepenthe: mythological drug of forgetfulness • Aidenn: The Garden of Eden from within the Bible

  25. When an author gives human characteristics to an inanimate object, they are using… • Personification

  26. What is a possible theme for “The Raven”? • People that are suffering emotionally should not let their superstitions overcome their wisdom or reason.

  27. From what point of view is “The Black Cat” written? How can you tell? • First person; it uses the pronouns “I,” “me,” “my,” and the narrator is a character in the story and it is told from his perspective.

  28. Explain a possible symbol from “The Black Cat” • The second cat could represent the narrator’s guilt for his deeds

  29. In what two ways could “The Black Cat” be interpreted? • The second cat is a demon cat that is repaying the narrator for his vicious behavior towards Pluto or the narrator slowly becomes psychotic because of his increased alcoholism and he sees and interprets things incorrectly.

  30. “The Pit and the Pendulum” takes place during what historical period? • The Spanish Inquisition

  31. What literary device is used most often in “The Pit and the Pendulum”? • Imagery

  32. How is the style Poe uses for his poems different than the style he uses for his short stories? • His poems uses sound devices while his short stories use imagery and more figurative language.

  33. What are some beliefs of Romantic writers? • Reason and logic are inferior to feelings and emotions • Nature is a place where individuals can get in touch with their inner selves • Living out in nature is preferable to living in a city • The perfect state of man would to be innocent like Adam and Eve before eating the apple

  34. What is a possible symbol from “The Fall of the House of Usher”? • The house could represent Usher himself; when he is agitated, so is the house; when he dies, so does the house

  35. What is the mood of the opening of “The Fall of the House of Usher”? • Very melancholy, dark, dreary

  36. Name a conflict from “The Black Cat” and categorize it.