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Olympic games. Presentation Manakova Svetlana. Opening ceremony.
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Olympic games Presentation Manakova Svetlana
Opening ceremony The opening ceremony of the 2012 Summer Olympics was held on 27 July and called "Isles of Wonder". Oscar-winning director Danny Boyle was its artistic director, with the music directors being the electronic music duo Rick Smith and Karl Hyde of Underworld. The Games were officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II, accompanied by Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. It was the second Games the Queen had opened personally, the first being the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal. All successive Olympics held in Canada or Australia have been opened by their respective governors-general. The Opening Ceremony of the 2012 Games attracted a peak viewing audience of over 27 million viewers (around half of the population of the United Kingdom watched BBC1 live simultaneously)
The2012 Summer Olympics, officially theGames of the XXX Olympiadand commonly known asLondon 2012, was a major internationalmulti-sport eventcelebrated in the tradition of theOlympic Games, as governed by theInternational Olympic Committee(IOC). It took place inLondon, United Kingdom, from 27 July to 12 August 2012. The first event, thegroup stageinwomen's football, began two days earlier, on 25 July at theMillennium StadiuminCardiff.More than 10,000 athletes from 204National Olympic Committees(NOCs) participated.It started on Friday 27 July 2012 at 0:00.
TheOlympic Javelinservice ran betweenStPancrasandEbbsfleet, viaStratford Transport for London(TfL) carried out numerous improvements in preparation for 2012, including the expansion of theLondon Overground'sEast London Line, upgrades to theDocklands Light Railwayand theNorth London Line,and the introduction of a new "Javelin" high-speed rail service. According to Network Rail, an additional 4,000 train services operated during the Games, and train operators ran longer trains during the day. TheEmirates Air Linecrosses theRiver ThamesbetweenGreenwich Peninsulaand theRoyal Docks TfL also built a £25millioncable caracross theRiver Thames, called theEmirates Air Line, to link 2012 Olympics venues.It was inaugurated in June 2012, and crosses the Thames betweenGreenwich Peninsulaand theRoyal Docks, carrying up to 2,500 passengers an hour, cutting journey times between theO2 arenaand theExCeL exhibition centreand providing a crossing every 30 seconds. The plan was to have 80% of athletes travel less than 20 minutes to their event,and 93% of them within 30 minutes of their event. Olympic rings marked on a street, indicating that the lane was reserved for the use of Olympic athletes and staff. TfL defined a network of roads leading between venues as theOlympic Route Network; roads connecting between all of the Olympic venues located within London. Many of these roads also contained special "Olympic lanes" marked with the Olympic rings—reserved for the use of Olympic athletes, officials, and other VIPs during the Games.
Countdown TheCountdownClockinTrafalgarSquare During theclosing ceremony of the 2008 Olympics, theOlympic Flagwas formally handed over from theMayor of Beijingto theMayor of London. This was followed by a section highlighting London,One month later, the Olympic andParalympic flagswere raised outside theLondon City Hall. A countdown clock inTrafalgar Squarewas unveiled, 500 days before the Games.The clock broke down the following day,but was later fixed. The countdown to the start of the Olympics began with a ceremony for the lighting of the Olympic flame inOlympia, Greece.
The Olympic Mascots, Mandeville (left) and Wenlock (right) The official mascots for the 2012 Summer Olympic and Paralympic Games were unveiled on 19 May 2010. Wenlock and Mandeville are animations depicting two drops of steel from a steelworks in Bolton. They are named after Much Wenlock, a town in Shropshire that holds a forerunner of the current Olympic Games, and Stoke Mandeville, a village in Buckinghamshire where a forerunner of the Paralympic Games was first held. The writer Michael Morpurgo wrote the story concept for the mascots, and an animation was produced. Two stories have been created about the mascots: Out Of A Rainbow and Adventures On A Rainbow.
Medals Approximately 4,700Olympic and Paralympic medalswere produced by theRoyal MintatLlantrisant. They were designed byDavid Watkins(Olympics) and Lin Cheung (Paralympics).99% of the gold, silver and copper was donated by Rio Tinto from a mine inSalt Lake County, Utahin the U.S. The remaining 1% came from aMongolianmine.Each medal weighs 375–400g (13.2–14oz), has a diameter of 85mm (3.3in) and is 7mm (0.28in) thick, with the sport and discipline engraved on the rim. The obverse, as is traditional, featuresNike, the Greek goddess of victory, stepping from thePanathinaiko Stadiumthat hosted the first modern Olympic Games in 1896, with Parthenon in the background; the reverse features the Games logo, theRiver Thamesand a series of lines representing "the energy of athletes and a sense of pulling together".The medals were transferred to the Tower of London vaults on 2 July 2012 for storage. Each gold medal is made up of 92.5 percent silver and 1.34 percent gold, with the remainder copper. The silver medal (which represents second place) is made up of 92.5 percent silver, with the remainder copper. The bronze medal is made up of 97 percent copper, 2.5 percent zinc and 0.5 percent tin.The value of the materials in the gold medal is about £410 (US $644), the silver about £210 (US $330), and the bronze about £3 (US $4.71) as of 30 July 2012.
Torchrelay Thetorch relayinNewport, Isle of Wight • The Olympics torcan from 19 May to 27 July 2012, before the Games. Plans for the relay were developed in 2010–11, with the torch-bearer selection process announced on 18 May 2011.TheOlympic flamearrived on flight BA2012 on 18 May 2012 from Greece.The relay lasted 70 days, with 66 evening celebrations and six island visits, and involved some 8,000 people carrying the torch about 8,000 miles (12,800km), starting fromLand's Endin Cornwall.The torch had one day outside the United Kingdom when it visitedDublin, Irelandon 6 June.The relay was focusing on National Heritage Sites, locations with sporting significance, key sporting events, schools registered with the Get Set School Network, green spaces and biodiversity, Live Sites (city locations with large screens), and festivals and other events.Dumfries and Gallowaywas the only Region in the whole of the United Kingdom that had the Olympic Torch pass through it twice. A group of young athletes, nominated by retired Olympic athletes, ran the torch around the stadium. These torchbearers were Callum Airlie, Jordan Duckitt, Desiree Henry, Katie Kirk, Cameron Mac Ritchie, Aidan Reynolds, and Adelle Tracey. Together the torchbearers each lit a petal which spread the fire to the 204 petals of thecauldron, representing the countries that participated in the games.
Participating National Olympic Committees Around 10,800 athletes from 204National Olympic Committees(NOCs) took part,surpassing the1948 Summer Olympicsin London and the2002 Commonwealth GamesinManchesteras the largest multi-sport event ever to be held in theUnited Kingdom.[ Three athletes from theNetherlands Antilles Olympic Committee, which the IOC Executive Committee had ceased to recognise at theIOC session of July 2011, and one athlete fromSouth Sudan, which has no recognized NOC,participated independentlyunder the Olympic flag.
Sports • The 2012 Summer Olympic programme featured 26 sports encompassing 39 disciplines. The number of events in each discipline is noted in parentheses . .
Closing ceremony The closing ceremony of the London 2012 Summer Olympics was held on 12 August 2012. In addition to protocol, the ceremony featured a flashback fiesta toBritish musicwith The Whofinishing out the performance. The ceremony also included a handover of theOlympic flagbyBoris Johnson,Mayor of London, toEduardo Paes,Mayor of Rio de Janeiro, the host city of the2016 Summer Olympics. Participating National Olympic Committees Around 10,800 athletes from 204National Olympic Committees(NOCs) took part,surpassing the1948 Summer Olympicsin London and the2002 Commonwealth GamesinManchesteras the largest multi-sport event ever to be held in theUnited Kingdom.[ Three athletes from theNetherlands Antilles Olympic Committee, which the IOC Executive Committee had ceased to recognise at theIOC session of July 2011, and one athlete fromSouth Sudan, which has no recognized NOC,participated independentlyunder the Olympic flag.