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Introduction to the Rule Book: Rule 1

Introduction to the Rule Book: Rule 1

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Introduction to the Rule Book: Rule 1

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  1. Introduction to the Rule Book: Rule 1 Mike Pasenelli CACPFO Rules Interpreter Revised 21 February 2011

  2. Agenda • My Style • Our Mission • Background • Rule 1 Highlights

  3. My Style • I brief as if this was a DoD briefing • My briefing faults: • I talk too fast • When I ask “Are there any questions” and no one says anything, I believe you

  4. Our Mission • Go over the codes • Introduce you to the Rule Book and Case Book • Go over the key parts of Rule 1

  5. Codes • NFL, the pros • NCAA, college • NFHS, Federation, High School • 48 States • Pennsylvania Interscholastic Athletic Association (PIAA) Director, Brad Cashman, is on the Football Rules Committee, as shown in the front of the book

  6. Rule Book Organization • 10 Rules • Rule 1 starts on page 11 • Rule, section, article (abbreviated as art.) • So, rule 1, section 5, begins on page 17 • Rule 1, section 5, article 6, is on page 22 • It tells us that each player shall properly wear the mandatory equipment while the ball is live • It’s way too hard to say “rule 1, section 5, article 6”, so officials use a shorthand version: • 1-5-6

  7. Other Information From Pages 22 and 23 • Top of page 22 tells us that the page starts with 1-5 • Top of page 23 tell us that the page starts with 1-6 • Notice the portions shaded in gray on both pages • That indicates that the rule has been changed in the year the rule book was written

  8. Case Book #1 • Case book, page 2, Case Book Format • Rule book references are shown by a dash, case book references are shown by a decimal (dot) • 1-5-6 is a rule reference • 1.5.6 is a case book reference • The case book is linked to the rule book, so 1.5.6, on page 12, is a case related to rule 1-5-6 • Above 1.5.6 is case *1.5.3D, which has an asterisk: • That means the case is has been revised or is completely new for 2010

  9. A, B, K and R: Case Book Page 2 • A is the team that puts the ball in play (implies a non-kicking down) • B refers to the opponent of Team A • K is the team which kicks the ball during the down • R refers to the opponent of team K • Team designations remain until the ball is next declared ready for play • Offense is the team in possession of the ball, but that is not always team A

  10. Team Designation—Example 1 • Quarterback A1 receives the snap • He is a member of team A • His team is on offense • Quarterback A1 throws a forward pass that is intercepted by linebacker B1 • B1 now has possession of the ball, and his team is on offense • His teammates are B2 through B11

  11. Team Designation—Example 2 • K1 punts the ball • Receiver R1 makes a catch and begins to run • R is on offense as soon as he makes the catch • The ball is now in team possession of R • R1 fumbles and an opponent, K2, recovers • K2 is now on offense • Summary: • Designation of A, B, K & R never changes during the down • Designation of offense can change several times during the down

  12. Other Parts of the Rule Book • Front of the book highlights some of the new rules • Back of the book: page 80: Fundamentals • A series of statements that are always true • Page 82: Points of Emphasis • Page 89: Comments on new rules • Page 91: Resolving Tied Games • Page 93: 9, 8 and 6 player football rules • Page 96: Signal Chart • Page 98: Penalty Summary

  13. Key Parts of Rule 1 • These are highlights only, and are designed to cover the major topics • The title of rule 1 tells you what the rule covers • The game • The field • Players • Equipment

  14. Rule 1-1 Highlights • 1-1-2: While the ball is live, there is an interval called a down that is in progress END OF DOWN READY FOR PLAY SNAP OR FREE KICK DEAD BALL LIVE BALL DEAD BALL 14

  15. Rule 1-1 Highlights • 1-1-3: A team must begin the game with 11 players, but it may continue with fewer • 1-1-4: The game is administered by game officials whose title and duties are stated in the official’s manual: • Referee (aka crew chief, white hat) • Umpire

  16. Rule 1-1 Highlights (cont.) • 1-1-6 (the elastic clause): The referee has the authority to rule promptly, in the spirit of good sportsmanship, on any situation not specifically covered in the rules • Does not mean the referee can change rules • Example is found in 1.1.6 • 1-1-7: Game officials shall assume authority 30 minutes prior to the scheduled game time or as soon as they are able to be present

  17. Rule 1-1 Highlights (cont.) • 1-1-8: Officials’ jurisdiction extends through the referee’s declaration of the end of the fourth period or overtime • 1-1-9: No replays • 1-1-10: A forfeit decision is final • 1-1-11: There is no protest of a rule that is recognized by the Federation

  18. Field Diagrams • Open the rule book to the Table of Contents on page 7 • Turn the page • We are only going to talk about the 11 player field diagram

  19. The Parts of the Field in 1-2 • 1-2-3-e Note 2: We can use college or pro fields • 1-2-3f: 9 yard marks, or tops of the numbers • 1-2-3g: Team boxes • 1-2-3g: Coaches’ box • 1-2-3g: Team boxes can be on the same sideline • 1-2-3k: 3 yard mark 1-2-1: Sidelines 1-2-1: Goal lines 1-2-1: Field of play 1-2-1: End lines 1-2-3b: Yard lines 1-2-3b Note 1: Yard line extensions 1-2-3d: Restraining line 1-2-3e: Hash marks

  20. 1-2-4: Pylons • 4 inches square • 18 inches high • Orange, red or yellow • Not a safety hazard • Intersection of the sidelines with the goal lines and end lines, plus the intersection of the hash marks extended • Out of bounds at the intersection of the sideline and goal line extended

  21. 1-2-5: The Goal • Think of it as a sheet of glass that goes up forever • The bottom rests on the crossbar, and the edges are inside of the uprights • The top of the crossbar is 10 feet from the ground • The crossbar is 23 feet 4 inches long • Each upright is 23 feet, 4 inches from each other • Uprights are a maximum of 4 inches wide, and a minimum of 10 feet above the crossbar • Goal posts must be padded • Uprights and crossbars must be free of decorative material, except paint. Recommended silver, white or yellow. • Can have a wind streamer, 4” x 42”, red, orange or yellow

  22. 1-3: Ball

  23. 1-3: Ball • Tan colored cover • One set of laces, 8 or 12 evenly spaced, not closer than 3¾ inches from each end • A 1 inch white or yellow stripe on the 2 panels next to the laces • Weighs between 14 and 15 ounces • Air pressure between 12.5 and 13.5 psi • Has an NFHS stamp • Each team must bring a ball • If a touchdown occurs after a COP, the team scoring can use their ball for the try

  24. 1-3: Tees, Chains and Clock • Tee (1-3-4): Pliable material, which elevates the lowest part of the ball no more than 2” off the ground • Chains (1-3-5): Operated 2 yards outside the sideline on the side opposite the press box • Clock (1-3-6): There will be a “game clock”

  25. 1-4: Captains • 1-4-1: Captains communicate with officials • Captain’s first choice of any offered decision is final, except for 6-5-4 • 6-5-4: After a fair catch or awarded fair catch, the captain can choose • To snap or free kick, anywhere between the inbounds line • If a dead ball foul occurs, or a foul occurs during the down, or an inadvertent whistle sounds and the down is replayed, the captain has all of those same choices

  26. 1-4-3: Numbers • 1-99

  27. 1-5: Equipment • Mandatory • Optional • Illegal • Is actually illegal/optional

  28. 1-5-1: Mandatory Equipment • 1-5-1a: Helmet and face mask plus at least a 4 point chin strap • Helmet must have a warning label showing it meets the NOCSAE standards • 1-5-1b: Jersey with numbers • 1-5-1c: Pads and protective equipment: • Hip pads and tail bone protector • Knee pads • Thigh guards

  29. 1-5-1c: Mandatory Equipment (cont.) • Pants • Shoes with cleats not more than ½” long • Shoulder pads, fully covered by jersey • Tooth and mouth protector, must not be completely white or completely clear

  30. 1-5-2: Auxiliary (Optional) Equipment • a. State authorized artificial limb • b. Forearm pads* • c. Gloves with a stamp*, unless made of unaltered plain cloth • c. Hand pads* • d. Tape, bandage or support wrap on the hand or forearm • *Can be anchored with tape

  31. 1-5-3a: Illegal Equipment #1 • Transverse stripes below the elbow • Slippery or sticky substance • Adornments except for: • A towel that is: • White • Minimum: 4” x 12” • Maximum: 18” x 36” • A sweatband that is • Worn on the wrist no more than 3” toward the elbow • Tear away jerseys or knots in a jersey

  32. 1-5-3: Illegal Equipment #2 • Casts on the hand, wrist, forearm or elbow, unless: • Covered with a minimum of ½” thick foam; and • Knee and ankle braces that are altered • Knee braces that are worn over the pants • Rib/back pads unless they are fully covered by a jersey • Pads without rounded radii • Shin guards that are not NOCSAE certified

  33. 1-5-3: Illegal Equipment #3 • An eye shield is legal if it is: • Constructed of a molded, rigid material • It is clear without any tint • Metal projections are illegal • Ball colored helmets, jerseys, patches, pads or glove are illegal • Jerseys, undershirts or arm covers/pad manufactured to enhance contact with the football or the opponent • Jewelry is illegal, but, • Religious medals and medical alert medals are not considered jewelry • Religious medals must be taped and worn underneath the uniform • A medical alert medal must be taped and may visible • Communications equipment, except: • Coaches headphones are OK • Players can use headphones only during authorized sideline conferences

  34. 1-5-4 Head Coach’s Certification • Prior to the game, the Head Coach must verify that all players are legally equipped and in compliance with the rules • Any questions regarding legality of a player’s equipment will be resolved by the umpire

  35. Missing/Illegal Equipment • 1-5-5 Players must be legally equipped to participate, and an official’s time out will be called to permit prompt repair of equipment which became illegal or defective through use • 1-5-6: Each player shall properly wear all mandatory equipment while the ball is live

  36. Missing/Illegal Equipment • What’s at the bottom of 1-5? • The standard penalty section: • PENALTY: • Name of the foul, and which articles it pertains to • The signal for that foul • The penalty prescribed for that foul • A foul is the infraction, a penalty is the result imposed for a foul

  37. 1-6 Coaches Field Equipment • 1-6-1 Coaches can wear headsets • 1-6-2 Players may use headsets only during authorized sideline conferences

  38. 1-7 State Association Adoptions • A series of rules that states can adopt, or not • Note: if a state changes a rule, other than state adoptions, they forfeit their right to be on the rules committee of the NFHS

  39. 1-7 PIAA Adoptions • #3 Mandate a specific ball for postseason competition • #4 Authorized the use of supplementary equipment to aid in game administration (microphones, 25 second clocks ) • #9 Adopt a procedure to resolve tied games (the NFHS overtime procedures found on page 91, without exception)

  40. 1-8 PIAA Adoptions (cont.) • #10 Establish a point differential to establish a running clock—the “Mercy Rule”—a running clock in the 2nd half if there is a 35 point differential • #12 Adopt 10 minute periods for 9th grade games

  41. Summary • The field is 160’ wide and it is divided into thirds • The goal posts are 23’4” apart • The uprights are at least 10’ high • Only the goal lines and end lines touch the sidelines

  42. Our Mission • Go over the codes • Introduce you to the Rule Book and Case Book • Go over the key parts of Rule 1