Grammar – Unit 2 Lessons 18 - 28 . Parts of Speech Part 2. NOUNS. A noun is a person, place , or thing. NOTE: Things can be concrete – like rocks or books or abstract ideas like courage or purpose. Two types of NOUNS: Proper Nouns Common Nouns . verb. links. shows action.
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Parts of Speech Part 2
A noun is a person, place , or thing
NOTE: Things can be concrete – like rocks or books
ideas like courage or purpose.
A ________ is a word that ________________, _____ another verb to a subject , _______ another verb or merely indicates ___________.
Verbs can be:
They’re like stuntmen. When nouns feel overworked, they call for pronouns
Antecedents are always nouns – some are proper and some are common.
Most of the time Pronouns are used in a paragraph AFTER their antecedents.
What are antecedents and how do they relate to pronouns?
Verbs can be:
words like he,it, she, we, they …
What are verbals?
NOUN, ADJECTIVE, ADVERB
Acting isn’t as
easy as it looks.
If you add an –ingto a verb and use the word as a noun, that is a gerund.
If you add an –ingto a verb and use the word as an adjective, it is called a participle.
To act was his secret desire.
An infinitive is a combination of the word to and a bare form of a verb: to go, to run, to split, and so on.
To act was his desire.
It is her time to shine.
She sprinted the last ten yards
to secure the win.
What is a split infinitive?
Squiggly decided to quickly remove Aardvark’s cats.
Squiggly decided quickly to remove Aardvark’s cats.
How does this change the sentence?
Squiggly decided to remove Aardvark’s cats quickly .
This would be the best rewrite, but it is not necessary.
To BOLDLY go . . .
Participle – “ing” – adjectives or a whole verb with a helper
Personal pronouns stand in for nouns. They’re like stuntmen. When nouns feel overworked, they call for pronouns—words like he,it, she, we they, and so on.
The noun to which the pronoun refers is called the antecedent.
The tree fell because it had been attacked by bugs.
Grammar girl is happy because she remembered to bring an eraser.
Pronouns are vital. Try not using one for an hour, and you’ll see. I use them constantly as you can tell by these sentences.
Because pronouns come in different shapes and are used for different reasons some official grammar language is necessary. Ready?????
Critical Question: What are the three cases of pronouns?
Pronouns are bunched together in three cases. (I do not know why the word “case” is used. Categories would work just as well, but officially they are called cases. Think of each case like a suitcase; it packs all the similar pronouns together.
The doer of the action; the one who acts
She ate fifty hot dogs.
(She did the eating, so she’s taking the action.)
The receiver of the action; the one who sits back and lets it all happen to her (or him).
The judge gave her the prize.
(Her received the prize and is the receiver of the action.)
Her dog threw up on my shoes.
(Her indicates the dog belongs to a previously mentioned female.)
is always and only a subject pronoun.
can stand in for a subject or an object!!!
is always and only a object pronoun.
You threw the beach ball.
Squiggly threw me.
I threw the beach ball.
Squiggly threw you.
You also fills in for one person or many people (i.e., it’s a singular and a plural pronoun). I say “You should go to Disneyland,” I could be talking to one person or to a group of people. You should be standing in for Squiggly alone, or Squiggle, Aardvark and their families.