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Grammar – Unit 1 Lessons 1-17

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  1. Grammar – Unit 1 Lessons 1-17 Parts of Speech – Part 1 Nouns and Verbs

  2. Unit 1 - Lesson 1------ Topic: Grammar

  3. Unit 1 - Lesson 1------ Topic: Parts of Speech Critical Question: Why is it beneficial to know the parts of speech?

  4. The function of different groups of words Parts of Speech

  5. Useful??? • Construct sentences • Punctuation • Common Language with professionals • HSAP

  6. Summary • In a sentence or two, answer your critical question.

  7. Grammar Matters ------

  8. Unit 1 - Lesson 2------

  9. Unit 1 - Lesson 2------ Topic: Grammar Critical Question: What are nouns and how are they used in sentences?

  10. Nouns Thing One: concrete person, place, thing Thing Two: abstract • Capitalization General- lowercase common: Proper: Specific- Capitalize

  11. Copy and Correct the following sentences. • jin song ran across tiananmen square. • A girl ran across the square. • margarette spied the eiffel tower. • A woman spied a tower. • witiihimaera called to the whales. • A man called to moby dick.

  12. Copy and Correct the following sentences. • louiseerdrich wrote a book called tracks. • gabriel walked to machupichu. • marc matabane wrote about south africa. • A man wrote about a province in africa.

  13. Summary • In a sentence or two, answer your critical question.

  14. Grammar Matters ------

  15. Unit 1 - Lesson 3------ Topic: Parts of Speech Critical Question:

  16. Unit 1 - Lesson 3------ Topic: Grammar Critical Question: How are nouns made plural???

  17. ---add an s • Add s to make abbreviations plural To make most nouns plural

  18. ch, sh, x, or z Add an es Add an s Change the y to aniand add es • Exception to the y rules: Family name or a product name: Add an s • If the word ends in y, look at the letter before the y • vowel • consonant

  19. Words that end in o Memorize the spellings

  20. Summary • In a sentence or two, answer your critical question.

  21. Grammar Matters ------

  22. Unit 1 - Lesson 4------ Topic: Parts of Speech Critical Question:

  23. Unit 1 - Lesson 4------ Topic: Grammar Critical Question:

  24. Nouns made up of more than one word EX: brother –in-law add an s • When making compound nouns plural, ------------- on the important noun. Examples: brothers-in-law, runners-up. Compound Nouns

  25. mice oxen • tooth • child teeth • mouse • deer • ox • knife deer children knives • A few nouns you just have to memorize

  26. With some plural forms, you do have a choice : • Computer mouse • Cactus • Index • Bus • mice or mouses • cacti or cactuses • indices or indexes • Buses or busses dictionary • When in doubt, check a ______________. The first plural form listed is the one that is the most common.

  27. Summary • In a sentence or two, answer your critical question.

  28. Grammar Matters ------

  29. Unit 1 - Lesson 5------ Topic: Parts of Speech Critical Question:

  30. Unit 1 - Lesson 5------ Topic: Parts of Speech Critical Question:

  31. Lesson 5 - Verbs verb A ________ is a word that _____________________, _____ another verb to a subject , _______ another verb or, or merely indicates ___________. shows action links helps existence

  32. Recognize the Types • Action • Linking • Helping

  33. Summary • In a sentence or two, answer your critical question.

  34. Grammar Matters ------

  35. Unit 1 - Lesson 6------ Topic: Parts of Speech Critical Question:

  36. Unit 1 - Lesson 6------ Topic: Parts of Speech Critical Question:

  37. Action Verbs Kick, swallow speak, build, close verb An ________ verb expresses __________ or________action. • Physical Action: ___________________________________________________ • Mental Action: _______________________________________ physical ponder, believe, consider, imagine mental

  38. Linking Verbs linking A ________ verb does not express action; it _____________ a word (a noun, pronoun, or adjective that identifies or describes the subject) in the _____________ to the ___________. links predicate subject

  39. Helping Verbs helping A _________ verb helps the main verb to make a statement. A verb ______ is a main verb and its ________verbs. This phrase can be interrupted by other verbs. phrase helping

  40. Summary • In a sentence or two, answer your critical question.

  41. Grammar Matters ------

  42. Unit 1 - Lesson 7------ Topic: Parts of Speech Critical Question:

  43. Unit 1 - Lesson 7------ Topic: Parts of Speech Critical Question:

  44. VERBS • Linking • Helping • Action BEING

  45. Action Verbs and Linking Verbs • Action verbs describe action. • Run • Jump • Swim • Linking or being verbs describe a state of being. linking verbs are not about action but about connecting other words together. The verb to be is the basic linking verb. The word isa form of the verb to be. note: Squiggly is yellow. Squiggly yellow. is

  46. Action or Linking – Practice Linking Action • The monkey looked hungry. • The monkey looked for food. • The soup tasted good. • I tasted the soup. • He grew into a tall man. • He grew tired of walking. • Mother appeared happy at her party. • Mother appeared quietly in the room. • The bugle sounded loudly. • The bugle sounds loud. Linking Action Action Linking Linking Action Action Linking

  47. Summary • In a sentence or two, answer your critical question.

  48. Grammar Matters ------

  49. Unit 1 - Lesson 8------ Topic: Parts of Speech Critical Question: